Peru's Movimiento Etnocacerista (aka Movimiento Nacionalista Peruano or "Peruvian Nationalist Movement") is a group of ethnic nationalists.
The name etnocacerista is composed of two parts:
the first evokes Peru's ethnic identity ;
the second indicates the group's veneration of 19th century president and war hero Andres Avelino Caceres, who led a guerrilla resistance campaign against occupying Chilean troops during the War of the Pacific.
The movement's leaders are two former army officers, the brothers Antauro Humala and Ollanta Humala . Most of its members are also current members of the military or reservists, veterans of Peru's internal war with the Shining Path and Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement as well as the border disputes with Ecuador and Chile in the 1980s and 1990s.
In October 2000 the two led 50 followers in a brief and unsuccessful uprising against President Alberto Fujimori.
On 1 January 2005, demanding the resignation of President Alejandro Toledo, Antauro Humala led a detachment of anywhere between 70 and 300 of the movement's supporters in an assault on a police station in the remote town of Andahuaylas, Apurimac Region. Ten police officers were taken hostage, four others were shot and killed, and a standoff ensued. Humala eventually surrendered, and was taken to Lima on 4 January 2005.
The movement's aims include reclaiming Peru's Inca heritage and reasserting it within contemporary society; specifically, this entails replacing the current elite of Europeans, Asians, and Creoles with one composed of the currently marginalised indigenous masses.
The etnocaceristas also firmly oppose foreign involvement in the economy, particularly from traditional rival Chile. They support the nationalisation of the country's industry (starting with the reversion of recent privatisations), the reintroduction of the death penalty for treason in war time, and the legalisation of coca cultivation. Antauro Humala has also claimed to be a follower of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez's "Bolivarian" political philosophy.
L'un des freres Humala sera-t-il le Hugo Chavez du Perou?
Quienes son los etnocaceristas
Ollanta Humala habla con la BBC
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Movimiento Etnocacerista