Mateo Pumacahua was the cacique of Chinchero, colonel of the militia in the Spanish royal army, temporary governor of upper Peru, and president of the royal audencia of Spain. He helped defeat the rebel army of Tupac Amaru II in 1781, as depicted in a mural at the church of Chinchero, before switching sides and supporting the Peruvian rebel forces in the Cuzco revolution on August 3, 1814. Pumacahua was appointed a member of the governing junta in which he fought for Peruvian independence from Spain. Pumacahua and his troops were defeated in Umachiri on March 11, 1815, and he was executed by the Spanish royal army on March 17.
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