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List of mammals in Peru


This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Peru. There are 417 mammal species in Peru, of which 5 are critically endangered, 9 are endangered, 32 are vulnerable, and 10 are near-threatened.

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

Subclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)

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Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered.

*Family: Trichechidae

**Genus: Trichechus

*** Amazonian Manatee Trichechus inunguis VU

Order: Cingulata (armadillos)

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The armadillos are small mammals with a bony armored shell. They are native to the Americas. There are around 20 extant species.

*Family: Dasypodidae (armadillos)

**Subfamily: Dasypodinae

***Genus: Dasypus

**** Greater Long-nosed Armadillo Dasypus kappleri LC

**** Nine-banded Armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus LC

**** Hairy Long-nosed Armadillo Dasypus pilosus VU

**Subfamily: Tolypeutinae

***Genus: Cabassous

**** Southern Naked-tailed Armadillo Cabassous unicinctus LC

***Genus: Priodontes

**** Giant Armadillo Priodontes maximus VU

Order: Pilosa

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The order Pilosa is extant only in the Americas and includes the anteaters, sloths, and tamanduas.

Suborder: Folivora

*Family: Bradypodidae (three-toed sloths)

**Genus: Bradypus

*** Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth Bradypus variegatus LC

*Family: Megalonychidae (two-toed sloths)

**Genus: Choloepus

*** Linnaeus's Two-toed Sloth Choloepus didactylus LC

*** Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth Choloepus hoffmanni LC

Suborder: Vermilingua

*Family: Cyclopedidae

**Genus: Cyclopes

*** Silky Anteater Cyclopes didactylus LC

*Family: Myrmecophagidae (American anteaters)

**Genus: Myrmecophaga

*** Giant Anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla NT

**Genus: Tamandua

*** Northern Tamandua Tamandua mexicana LC

*** Southern Tamandua Tamandua tetradactyla LC

Order: Primates

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The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.

Suborder: Haplorrhini

*Infraorder: Simiiformes

**Parvorder: Platyrrhini (New World monkeys)

***Family: Cebidae

****Subfamily: Callitrichinae

*****Genus: Callithrix

****** Pygmy Marmoset Cebuella pygmaea LC

*****Genus: Saguinus

****** Brown-mantled Tamarin Saguinus fuscicollis LC

****** Emperor Tamarin Saguinus imperator LC

****** White-lipped Tamarin Saguinus labiatus LC

****** Moustached Tamarin Saguinus mystax LC

****** Black-mantled Tamarin Saguinus nigricollis LC

****** Golden-mantled Tamarin Saguinus tripartitus LC

*****Genus: Callimico

****** Goeldi's Marmoset Callimico goeldii NT

****Subfamily: Cebinae

*****Genus: Cebus

****** White-fronted Capuchin Cebus albifrons LC

****** Large-headed Capuchin Cebus macrocephalus LC

*****Genus: Saimiri

****** Black-capped Squirrel Monkey Saimiri boliviensis LC

***Family: Aotidae

****Genus: Aotus

***** Peruvian Night Monkey Aotus miconax VU

***** Nancy Ma's Night Monkey Aotus nancymaae LC

***** Black-headed Night Monkey Aotus nigriceps LC

***** Spix's Night Monkey Aotus vociferans LC

***Family: Pitheciidae

****Subfamily: Callicebinae

*****Genus: Callicebus

****** Brown Titi Callicebus brunneus LC

****** Chestnut-bellied Titi Callicebus caligatus LC

****** Coppery Titi Callicebus cupreus LC

****** White-tailed Titi Callicebus discolor LC

****** Lucifer Titi Callicebus lucifer LC

****** Rio Mayo Titi Callicebus oenanthe VU

****Subfamily: Pitheciinae

*****Genus: Pithecia

****** Equatorial Saki Pithecia aequatorialis LR/lc

****** Rio Tapajos Saki Pithecia irrorata LC

****** Monk Saki Pithecia monachus LC

*****Genus: Cacajao

****** Bald Uakari Cacajao calvus NT

***Family: Atelidae

****Subfamily: Alouattinae

*****Genus: Alouatta

****** Mantled Howler Alouatta palliata LC

****** Venezuelan Red Howler Alouatta seniculus LC

****Subfamily: Atelinae

*****Genus: Ateles

****** White-fronted Spider Monkey Ateles belzebuth VU

****** Peruvian Spider Monkey Ateles chamek LC

*****Genus: Lagothrix

****** Gray Woolly Monkey Lagothrix cana NT

****** Brown Woolly Monkey Lagothrix lagothricha LR/lc

****** Silvery Woolly Monkey Lagothrix poeppigii NT

*****Genus: Oreonax

****** Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey Oreonax flavicauda CR

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

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Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40% of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg .

Suborder: Hystricognathi

*Family: Erethizontidae (New World porcupines)

**Subfamily: Erethizontinae

***Genus: Coendou

**** Bicolor-spined Porcupine Coendou bicolor LR/lc

*Family: Chinchillidae (viscachas and chinchillas)

**Genus: Chinchilla

*** Short-tailed Chinchilla Chinchilla brevicaudata CR

**Genus: Lagidium

*** Northern Viscacha Lagidium peruanum LR/lc

*** Southern Viscacha Lagidium viscacia DD

*Family: Dinomyidae (pacarana)

**Genus: Dinomys

*** Pacarana Dinomys branickii EN

*Family: Caviidae (guinea pigs)

**Subfamily: Caviinae

***Genus: Cavia

**** Guinea pig Cavia porcellus LR/lc

**** Montane Guinea Pig Cavia tschudii LR/lc

***Genus: Galea

**** Common Yellow-toothed Cavy Galea musteloides LR/lc

**Subfamily: Hydrochaeridae (capybaras)

***Genus: Hydrochoerus

**** Capybara Hydrochoerus hydrochaerisLR/lc

*Family: Dasyproctidae (agoutis and pacas)

**Genus: Dasyprocta

*** Black Agouti Dasyprocta fuliginosaLR/lc

*** Kalinowski Agouti Dasyprocta kalinowskiiDD

*** Central American Agouti Dasyprocta punctataLR/lc

**Genus: Myoprocta

*** Red Acouchi Myoprocta acouchyLR/lc

*** Red Acouchi Myoprocta exilisDD

*Family: Cuniculidae

**Genus: Cuniculus

*** Lowland Paca Cuniculus pacaLC

*** Mountain Paca Cuniculus taczanowskiiNT

*Family: Ctenomyidae

**Genus: Ctenomys

*** White-toothed Tuco-tuco Ctenomys leucodonLR/lc

*** Highland Tuco-tuco Ctenomys opimusLR/lc

*** Peruvian Tuco-tuco Ctenomys peruanusLR/lc

*Family: Abrocomidae

**Genus: Abrocoma

*** Ashy Chinchilla Rat Abrocoma cinereaLR/lc

*Family: Echimyidae

**Subfamily: Dactylomyinae

***Genus: Dactylomys

**** Bolivian Bamboo Rat Dactylomys boliviensisLR/lc

**** Amazon Bamboo Rat Dactylomys dactylinusLR/lc

**** Peruvian Bamboo Rat Dactylomys peruanusDD

**Subfamily: Echimyinae

***Genus: Echimys

**** Peruvian Tree Rat Echimys rhipidurusDD

**** Dark Tree Rat Echimys saturnusLR/lc

***Genus: Isothrix

**** Yellow-crowned Brush-tailed Rat Isothrix bistriataLR/nt

***Genus: Makalata

**** Makalata occasiusCR

**Subfamily: Eumysopinae

***Genus: Mesomys

**** Spiny Tree Rat Mesomys hispidusLR/lc

**** Woolly-headed Spiny Tree Rat Mesomys lenicepsLR/lc

***Genus: Proechimys

**** Bolivian Spiny Rat Proechimys bolivianusLR/lc

**** Huallaga Spiny Rat Proechimys brevicauda'' LR/lc

**** Cuvier's Spiny Rat Proechimys cuvieri LR/lc

**** Pacific Spiny Rat Proechimys decumanus LR/lc

**** Hendee's Spiny Rat Proechimys hendeei LR/lc

**** Long-tailed Spiny Rat Proechimys longicaudatus LR/lc

**** Napo Spiny Rat Proechimys quadruplicatus LR/lc

**** Simon's Spiny Rat Proechimys simonsi LR/lc

**** Steere's Spiny Rat Proechimys steerei LR/lc

Suborder: Sciurognathi

*Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)

**Subfamily: Sciurillinae

***Genus: Sciurillus

**** Neotropical Pygmy Squirrel Sciurillus pusillus LR/lc

**Subfamily: Sciurinae

***Tribe: Sciurini

****Genus: Microsciurus

***** Amazon Dwarf Squirrel Microsciurus flaviventer LR/lc

****Genus: Sciurus

***** Bolivian Squirrel Sciurus ignitus LR/lc

***** Northern Amazon Red Squirrel Sciurus igniventris LR/lc

***** JunIn Red Squirrel Sciurus pyrrhinus LR/lc

***** Sanborn's Squirrel Sciurus sanborni LR/nt

***** Southern Amazon Red Squirrel Sciurus spadiceus LR/lc

***** Guayaquil Squirrel Sciurus stramineus LR/lc

*Family: Cricetidae

**Subfamily: Sigmodontinae

***Genus: Abrothrix

**** Andean Altiplano Mouse Abrothrix andinus LR/lc

**** Jelski's Altiplano Mouse Abrothrix jelskii LR/lc

***Genus: Aegialomys

**** Aegialomys xantheolus LR/lc

***Genus: Akodon

**** Highland Grass Mouse Akodon aerosus LR/lc

**** White-bellied Grass Mouse Akodon albiventer LR/lc

**** Bolivian Grass Mouse Akodon boliviensis LR/lc

**** Smoky Grass Mouse Akodon fumeus LR/lc

**** Junin Grass Mouse Akodon juninensis LR/lc

**** Koford's Grass Mouse Akodon kofordi LR/lc

**** Thespian Grass Mouse Akodon mimus LR/lc

**** Soft Grass Mouse Akodon mollis LR/lc

**** El Dorado Grass Mouse Akodon orophilus LR/lc

**** Altiplano Grass Mouse Akodon puer LR/lc

**** Puno Grass Mouse Akodon subfuscus LR/lc

**** Silent Grass Mouse Akodon surdus LR/lc

**** Cloud Forest Grass Mouse Akodon torques LR/lc

***Genus: Andinomys

**** Andean Mouse Andinomys edax LR/lc

***Genus: Auliscomys

**** Bolivian Big-eared Mouse Auliscomys boliviensis LR/lc

**** Painted Big-eared Mouse Auliscomys pictus LR/lc

**** Andean Big-eared Mouse Auliscomys sublimis LR/lc

***Genus: Calomys

**** Andean Vesper Mouse Calomys lepidus LR/lc

**** Peruvian Vesper Mouse Calomys sorellus LR/lc

***Genus: Chibchanomys

**** Chibchan Water Mouse Chibchanomys trichotis LR/nt

***Genus: Chinchillula

**** Altiplano Chincilla Mouse Chinchillula sahamae LR/lc

***Genus: Eligmodontia

**** Andean Gerbil Mouse Eligmodontia puerulus LR/lc

***Genus: Eremoryzomys

**** Eremoryzomys polius LR/lc

***Genus: Euryoryzomys

**** Euryoryzomys macconnelli LR/lc

**** Euryoryzomys nitidus LR/lc

***Genus: Galenomys

**** Gerlepp's Mouse Galenomys garleppi LR/lc

***Genus: Handleyomys

**** Handleyomys melanotis DD

***Genus: Holochilus

**** Wagner's Marsh Rat Holochilus sciureus LR/lc

***Genus: Hylaeamys

**** Hylaeamys perenensis LC

**** Hylaeamys yunganus LR/lc

***Genus: Ichthyomys

**** Stolzmann's Crab-eating Rat Ichthyomys stolzmanni LR/lc

***Genus: Lenoxus

**** Andean Rat Lenoxus apicalis LR/nt

***Genus: Melanomys

**** Zuniga's Dark Rice Rat Melanomys zunigae LR/lc

***Genus: Microryzomys

**** Highland Small Rice Rat Microryzomys altissimus LR/lc

**** Forest Small Rice Rat Microryzomys minutus LR/lc

***Genus: Neacomys

**** Northern Bristly Mouse Neacomys spinosus LR/lc

**** Narrow-footed Bristly Mouse Neacomys tenuipes LR/lc

***Genus: Necromys

**** Pleasant Bolo Mouse Necromys amoenus LR/lc

***Genus: Nectomys

**** Nectomys apicalis LC

**** Nectomys rattus LC

***Genus: Neotomys

**** Andean Swamp Rat Neotomys ebriosus LR/lc

***Genus: Nephelomys

**** Nephelomys albigularis LR/lc

**** Nephelomys auriventer LR/lc

**** Nephelomys keaysi LR/lc

**** Nephelomys levipes LR/nt

***Genus: Neusticomys

**** Peruvian Fish-eating Rat Neusticomys peruviensis EN

***Genus: Oecomys

**** Bicolored Arboreal Rice Rat Oecomys bicolor LR/lc

**** Dusky Arboreal Rice Rat Oecomys phaeotis LR/lc

**** Robert's Arboreal Rice Rat Oecomys roberti LR/lc

**** Trinidad Arboreal Rice Rat Oecomys trinitatis LR/lc

***Genus: Oligoryzomys

**** Andean Pygmy Rice Rat Oligoryzomys andinus LR/lc

**** Sandy Pygmy Rice Rat Oligoryzomys arenalis LR/lc

**** Destructive Pygmy Rice Rat Oligoryzomys destructor DD

**** Small-eared Pygmy Rice Rat Oligoryzomys microtis LR/lc

***Genus: Oreoryzomys

**** Oreoryzomys balneator LR/lc

***Genus: Oxymycterus

**** Small Hocicudo Oxymycterus hiska VU

**** Incan Hocicudo Oxymycterus inca LR/lc

**** Paramo Hocicudo Oxymycterus paramensis LR/lc

***Genus: Phyllotis

**** Friendly Leaf-eared Mouse Phyllotis amicus LR/lc

**** Andean Leaf-eared Mouse Phyllotis andium LR/lc

**** Darwin's Leaf-eared Mouse Phyllotis darwini LR/lc

**** Definitive Leaf-eared Mouse Phyllotis definitus LR/lc

**** Gerbil Leaf-eared Mouse Phyllotis gerbillus LR/lc

**** Master Leaf-eared Mouse Phyllotis magister LR/lc

**** Bunchgrass Leaf-eared Mouse Phyllotis osilae LR/lc

***Genus: Punomys

**** Puna Mouse Punomys lemminus LR/lc

***Genus: Rhipidomys

**** Coues's Climbing Mouse Rhipidomys couesi LR/lc

**** White-footed Climbing Mouse Rhipidomys leucodactylus LR/lc

**** Long-tailed Climbing Mouse Rhipidomys mastacalis LR/lc

**** Yellow-bellied Climbing Mouse Rhipidomys ochrogaster LR/nt

***Genus: Scolomys

**** Ucayali Spiny Mouse Scolomys ucayalensis EN

***Genus: Sigmodon

**** Peruvian Cotton Rat Sigmodon peruanus LR/lc

***Genus: Thomasomys

**** Golden Oldfield Mouse Thomasomys aureus LR/lc

**** Ash-colored Oldfield Mouse Thomasomys cinereus LR/lc

**** Daphne's Oldfield Mouse Thomasomys daphne LR/lc

**** Peruvian Oldfield Mouse Thomasomys eleusis LR/lc

**** Slender Oldfield Mouse Thomasomys gracilis LR/lc

**** Inca Oldfield Mouse Thomasomys incanus LR/lc

**** Strong-tailed Oldfield Mouse Thomasomys ischyurus LR/lc

**** Kalinowski's Oldfield Mouse Thomasomys kalinowskii LR/lc

**** Distinguished Oldfield Mouse Thomasomys notatus LR/nt

**** Thomas's Oldfield Mouse Thomasomys pyrrhonotus LR/lc

**** Rosalinda's Oldfield Mouse Thomasomys rosalinda LR/lc

**** Taczanowski's Oldfield Mouse Thomasomys taczanowskii LR/lc

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

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The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

Family: Leporidae

*Genus: Sylvilagus

** Tapeti Sylvilagus brasiliensis LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha

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The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. Shrews and solenodons closely resemble mice, while moles are stout-bodied burrowers.

Family: Soricidae (shrews)

*Subfamily: Soricinae

**Tribe: Blarinini

***Genus: Cryptotis

**** Thomas's Small-eared Shrew Cryptotis thomasi LR/lc

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

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The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

Family: Noctilionidae

*Genus: Noctilio

** Lesser Bulldog Bat Noctilio albiventris LR/lc

** Greater Bulldog Bat Noctilio leporinus LR/lc

Family: Vespertilionidae

*Subfamily: Myotinae

**Genus: Myotis

*** Silver-tipped Myotis Myotis albescens LR/lc

*** Atacama Myotis Myotis atacamensis VU

*** Hairy-legged Myotis Myotis keaysi LR/lc

*** Black Myotis Myotis nigricans LR/lc

*** Riparian Myotis Myotis riparius LR/lc

*** Velvety Myotis Myotis simus LR/lc

*Subfamily: Vespertilioninae

**Genus: Eptesicus

*** Eptesicus andinus LR/lc

*** Brazilian Brown Bat Eptesicus brasiliensis LR/lc

*** Argentine Brown Bat Eptesicus furinalis LR/lc

*** Big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus LR/lc

*** Harmless Serotine Eptesicus innoxius VU

**Genus: Histiotus

*** Big-eared Brown Bat Histiotus macrotus LR/nt

*** Small Big-eared Brown Bat Histiotus montanus LR/lc

**Genus: Lasiurus

*** Desert red bat Lasiurus blossevillii LR/lc

*** Hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus LR/lc

*Subfamily: Tomopeatinae

**Genus: Tomopeas

*** Blunt-eared Bat Tomopeas ravus VU

Family: Molossidae

*Genus: Cynomops

** Cinnamon Dog-faced Bat Cynomops abrasus LR/nt

** Southern Dog-faced Bat Cynomops planirostris LR/lc

*Genus: Eumops

** Black Bonneted Bat Eumops auripendulus LR/lc

** Dwarf Bonneted Bat Eumops bonariensis LR/lc

** Wagner's Bonneted Bat Eumops glaucinus LR/lc

** Sanborn's Bonneted Bat Eumops hansae LR/lc

** Western mastiff bat Eumops perotis LR/lc

*Genus: Molossops

** Rufous Dog-faced Bat Molossops neglectus LR/nt

** Dwarf Dog-faced Bat Molossops temminckii LR/lc

*Genus: Molossus

** Black Mastiff Bat Molossus ater LR/lc

** Molossus coibensis LR/nt

** Velvety Free-tailed Bat Molossus molossus LR/lc

*Genus: Mormopterus

** Kalinowski's Mastiff Bat Mormopterus kalinowskii VU

** Incan Little Mastiff Bat Mormopterus phrudus EN

*Genus: Nyctinomops

** Peale's Free-tailed Bat Nyctinomops aurispinosus LR/lc

** Broad-eared Bat Nyctinomops laticaudatus LR/lc

** Big Free-tailed Bat Nyctinomops macrotis LR/lc

*Genus: Promops

** Big Crested Mastiff Bat Promops centralis LR/lc

** Brown Mastiff Bat Promops nasutus LR/lc

*Genus: Tadarida

** Mexican Free-tailed Bat Tadarida brasiliensis LR/nt

Family: Emballonuridae

*Genus: Centronycteris

** Shaggy Bat Centronycteris maximiliani LR/lc

*Genus: Cormura

** Wagner's Sac-winged Bat Cormura brevirostris LR/lc

*Genus: Diclidurus

** Northern Ghost Bat Diclidurus albus LR/lc

** Greater Ghost Bat Diclidurus ingens VU

** Lesser Ghost Bat Diclidurus scutatus LR/lc

*Genus: Peropteryx

** Greater Dog-like Bat Peropteryx kappleri LR/lc

** White-winged Dog-like Bat Peropteryx leucoptera LR/lc

** Lesser Doglike Bat Peropteryx macrotis LR/lc

*Genus: Rhynchonycteris

** Proboscis Bat Rhynchonycteris naso LR/lc

*Genus: Saccopteryx

** Greater Sac-winged Bat Saccopteryx bilineata LR/lc

** Frosted Sac-winged Bat Saccopteryx canescens LR/lc

** Lesser Sac-winged Bat Saccopteryx leptura LR/lc

Family: Mormoopidae

*Genus: Mormoops

** Ghost-faced Bat Mormoops megalophylla LR/lc

*Genus: Pteronotus

** Naked-backed Bat Pteronotus davyi LR/lc

** Big Naked-backed Bat Pteronotus gymnonotus LR/lc

** Parnell's Mustached Bat Pteronotus parnellii LR/lc

** Wagner's Mustached Bat Pteronotus personatus LR/lc

Family: Phyllostomidae

*Subfamily: Phyllostominae

**Genus: Glyphonycteris

*** Behni's Big-eared Bat Glyphonycteris behnii VU

*** Davies's Big-eared Bat Glyphonycteris daviesi LR/nt

*** Tricolored Big-eared Bat Glyphonycteris sylvestris LR/nt

**Genus: Lonchorhina

*** Tomes's Sword-nosed Bat Lonchorhina aurita LR/lc

**Genus: Lophostoma

*** Pygmy Round-eared Bat Lophostoma brasiliense LR/lc

*** Carriker's Round-eared Bat Lophostoma carrikeri VU

*** White-throated Round-eared Bat Lophostoma silvicolum LR/lc

**Genus: Macrophyllum

*** Long-legged Bat Macrophyllum macrophyllum LR/lc

**Genus: Micronycteris

*** Brosset's Big-eared Bat Micronycteris brosseti DD

*** Hairy Big-eared Bat Micronycteris hirsuta LR/lc

*** Little Big-eared Bat Micronycteris megalotis LR/lc

*** White-bellied Big-eared Bat Micronycteris minuta LR/lc

**Genus: Mimon

*** Striped Hairy-nosed Bat Mimon crenulatum LR/lc

**Genus: Phylloderma

*** Pale-faced Bat Phylloderma stenops LR/lc

**Genus: Phyllostomus

*** Pale Spear-nosed Bat Phyllostomus discolor LR/lc

*** Lesser Spear-nosed Bat Phyllostomus elongatus LR/lc

*** Greater Spear-nosed Bat Phyllostomus hastatus LR/lc

**Genus: Tonatia

*** Greater Round-eared Bat Tonatia bidens LR/lc

*** Stripe-headed Round-eared Bat Tonatia saurophila LR/lc

**Genus: Trachops

*** Fringe-lipped Bat Trachops cirrhosus LR/lc

**Genus: Trinycteris

*** Niceforo's Big-eared Bat Trinycteris nicefori LR/lc

**Genus: Vampyrum

*** Spectral Bat Vampyrum spectrum LR/nt

*Subfamily: Lonchophyllinae

**Genus: Lionycteris

*** Chestnut Long-tongued Bat Lionycteris spurrelli LR/lc

**Genus: Lonchophylla

*** Handley's Nectar Bat Lonchophylla handleyi VU

*** Western Nectar Bat Lonchophylla hesperia VU

*** Orange Nectar Bat Lonchophylla robusta LR/lc

*** Thomas's Nectar Bat Lonchophylla thomasi LR/lc

**Genus: Platalina

*** Long-snouted Bat Platalina genovensium VU

*Subfamily: Glossophaginae

**Genus: Anoura

*** Tailed Tailless Bat Anoura caudifer LR/lc

*** Handley's Tailless Bat Anoura cultrata LR/lc

*** Geoffroy's Tailless Bat Anoura geoffroyi LR/lc

*** Broad-toothed Tailless Bat Anoura latidens LR/nt

**Genus: Choeroniscus

*** Intermediate Long-tailed Bat Choeroniscus intermedius LR/nt

*** Minor Long-nosed Long-tongued Bat Choeroniscus minor LR/lc

**Genus: Glossophaga

*** Commissaris's Long-tongued Bat Glossophaga commissarisi LR/lc

*** Pallas's Long-tongued Bat Glossophaga soricina LR/lc

**Genus: Lichonycteris

*** Dark Long-tongued Bat Lichonycteris obscura LR/lc

*Subfamily: Carolliinae

**Genus: Carollia

*** Chestnut Short-tailed Bat Carollia castanea LR/lc

*** Seba's Short-tailed Bat Carollia perspicillata LR/lc

**Genus: Rhinophylla

*** Fischer's Little Fruit Bat Rhinophylla fischerae LR/nt

*** Dwarf Little Fruit Bat Rhinophylla pumilio LR/lc

*Subfamily: Stenodermatinae

**Genus: Artibeus

*** Andersen's Fruit-eating Bat Artibeus anderseni LR/lc

*** Brown Fruit-eating Bat Artibeus concolor LR/nt

*** Fraternal Fruit-eating Bat Artibeus fraterculus VU

*** Silver Fruit-eating Bat Artibeus glaucus LR/lc

*** Jamaican fruit bat Artibeus jamaicensis LR/lc

*** Great Fruit-eating Bat Artibeus lituratus LR/lc

*** Dark Fruit-eating Bat Artibeus obscurus LR/nt

*** Pygmy Fruit-eating Bat Artibeus phaeotis LR/lc

**Genus: Chiroderma

*** Salvin's Big-eyed Bat Chiroderma salvini LR/lc

*** Little Big-eyed Bat Chiroderma trinitatum LR/lc

*** Hairy Big-eyed Bat Chiroderma villosum LR/lc

**Genus: Enchisthenes

*** Velvety Fruit-eating Bat Enchisthenes hartii LR/lc

**Genus: Mesophylla

*** MacConnell's Bat Mesophylla macconnelli LR/lc

**Genus: Sphaeronycteris

*** Visored Bat Sphaeronycteris toxophyllum LR/lc

**Genus: Sturnira

*** Aratathomas's Yellow-shouldered Bat Sturnira aratathomasi LR/nt

*** Bidentate Yellow-shouldered Bat Sturnira bidens LR/nt

*** Bogota Yellow-shouldered Bat Sturnira bogotensis LR/lc

*** Hairy Yellow-shouldered Bat Sturnira erythromos LR/lc

*** Little Yellow-shouldered Bat Sturnira lilium LR/lc

*** Louis's Yellow-shouldered Bat Sturnira luisi LR/lc

*** Greater Yellow-shouldered Bat Sturnira magna LR/nt

*** Lesser Yellow-shouldered Bat Sturnira nana VU

*** Tilda's Yellow-shouldered Bat Sturnira tildae LR/lc

**Genus: Uroderma

*** Tent-making Bat Uroderma bilobatum LR/lc

*** Brown Tent-making Bat Uroderma magnirostrum LR/lc

**Genus: Vampyressa

*** Bidentate Yellow-eared Bat Vampyressa bidens LR/nt

*** Brock's Yellow-eared Bat Vampyressa brocki LR/nt

*** Melissa's Yellow-eared Bat Vampyressa melissa LR/nt

*** Southern Little Yellow-eared Bat Vampyressa pusilla LR/lc

**Genus: Vampyrodes

*** Great Stripe-faced Bat Vampyrodes caraccioli LR/lc

**Genus: Platyrrhinus

*** Short-headed Broad-nosed Bat Platyrrhinus brachycephalus LR/lc

*** Thomas's Broad-nosed Bat Platyrrhinus dorsalis LR/lc

*** Heller's Broad-nosed Bat Platyrrhinus helleri LR/lc

*** Buffy Broad-nosed Bat Platyrrhinus infuscus LR/nt

*** White-lined Broad-nosed Bat Platyrrhinus lineatus LR/lc

*** Greater Broad-nosed Bat Platyrrhinus vittatus LR/lc

*Subfamily: Desmodontinae

**Genus: Desmodus

*** Common Vampire Bat Desmodus rotundus LR/lc

**Genus: Diaemus

*** White-winged Vampire Bat Diaemus youngi LR/lc

**Genus: Diphylla

*** Hairy-legged Vampire Bat Diphylla ecaudata LR/nt

Family: Furipteridae

*Genus: Amorphochilus

** Smokey Bat Amorphochilus schnablii VU

*Genus: Furipterus

** Furipteridae Furipterus horrens LR/lc

Family: Thyropteridae

*Genus: Thyroptera

** Peter's Disk-winged Bat Thyroptera discifera LR/lc

** LaVal's Disk-winged Bat Thyroptera lavali DD

** Spix's Disk-winged Bat Thyroptera tricolor LR/lc

Order: Cetacea (whales)

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The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

Suborder: Mysticeti

*Family: Balaenopteridae

*Family: Balaenidae

**Genus: Eubalaena

*** Southern Right Whale Eubalaena australis LR/cd

**Subfamily: Balaenopterinae

***Genus: Balaenoptera

**** Minke Whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata LR/nt

**** Bryde's Whale Balaenoptera edeni DD

**** Sei Whale Balaenoptera borealis EN

**** Fin Whale Balaenoptera physalus EN

**** Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus EN

**Subfamily: Megapterinae

***Genus: Megaptera

**** Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae VU

*Family: Neobalaenidae

**Genus: Caperea

*** Pygmy Right Whale Caperea marginata LR/lc

Suborder: Odontoceti

*Superfamily: Platanistoidea

**Family: Iniidae

***Genus: Inia

**** Boto Inia geoffrensis VU

**Family: Phocoenidae

***Genus: Phocoena

**** Burmeister's Porpoise Phocoena spinipinnis DD

**Family: Physeteridae

***Genus: Physeter

**** Sperm Whale Physeter macrocephalus VU***Family: Kogiidae

***Genus: Kogia

**** Pygmy Sperm Whale Kogia breviceps LR/lc

**** Dwarf Sperm Whale Kogia sima LR/lc

**Family: Ziphidae

***Subfamily: Hyperoodontidae

****Genus: Mesoplodon

***** Blainville's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon densirostris DD

***** Ginkgo-toothed Beaked Whale Mesoplodon ginkgodens DD

***** Gray's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon grayi DD

***** Pygmy Beaked Whale Mesoplodon peruvianus DD

**Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)

***Genus: Steno

**** Rough-toothed Dolphin Steno bredanensis DD

***Genus: Sotalia

**** Tucuxi Sotalia fluviatilis DD

***Genus: Stenella

**** Pantropical Spotted Dolphin Stenella attenuata LR/cd

**** Spinner Dolphin Stenella longirostris LR/cd

***Genus: Delphinus

**** Long-beaked Common Dolphin Delphinus capensis DD

**** Short-beaked Common Dolphin Delphinus delphis LC

***Genus: Lagenodelphis

**** Fraser's Dolphin Lagenodelphis hosei DD

***Genus: Lagenorhynchus

**** Dusky Dolphin Lagenorhynchus obscurus DD

***Genus: Lissodelphis

**** Southern Right Whale Dolphin Lissodelphis peronii DD

***Genus: Feresa

**** Pygmy Killer Whale Feresa attenuata DD

***Genus: Pseudorca

**** False Killer Whale Pseudorca crassidens LR/lc

***Genus: Orcinus

**** Orca Orcinus orca LR/cd

***Genus: Globicephala

**** Short-finned Pilot Whale Globicephala macrorhynchus DD

**** Long-finned Pilot Whale Globicephala melas DD

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

----

The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

Suborder: Feliformia

*Family: Felidae (cats)

**Subfamily: Felinae

***Genus: Leopardus

**** Colocolo Leopardus colocolo NT

**** Andean Mountain Cat Leopardus jacobitus EN

**** Ocelot Leopardus pardalis LC

**** Oncilla Leopardus tigrinus NT

**** Margay Leopardus wiedii LC

***Genus: Puma

**** Cougar Puma concolor NT

**** Jaguarundi Puma yagouaroundi LC

**Subfamily: Pantherinae

***Genus: Panthera

**** Jaguar Panthera onca NT

Suborder: Caniformia

*Family: Canidae

**Genus: Lycalopex

*** Culpeo Lycalopex culpaeus LC

*** South American Gray Fox Lycalopex griseus LC

*** Sechura Fox Lycalopex sechurae DD

**Genus: Atelocynus

*** Short-eared Dog Atelocynus microtis DD

**Genus: Speothos

*** Bush Dog Speothos venaticus VU

**Genus: Chrysocyon

*** Maned Wolf Chrysocyon brachyurus NT

*Family: Ursidae (bears)

**Genus: Tremarctos

*** Spectacled Bear Tremarctos ornatus VU

*Family: Procyonidae (raccoons)

**Genus: Procyon

*** Crab-eating Raccoon Procyon cancrivorus LR/lc

**Genus: Nasua

*** South American Coati Nasua nasua LR/lc

**Genus: Potos

*** Kinkajou Potos flavus LR/lc

**Genus: Bassaricyon

*** Allen's Olingo Bassaricyon alleni LR/lc

*Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)

**Genus: Mustela

*** Tropical Weasel Mustela africana DD

*** Long-tailed Weasel Mustela frenata LR/lc

**Genus: Eira

*** Tayra Eira barbara LR/lc

**Genus: Galictis

*** Lesser Grison Galictis cuja LR/lc

*** Greater grison Galictis vittata LR/lc

**Genus: Lontra

*** Marine Otter Lontra felina EN

*** Neotropical River Otter Lontra longicaudis DD

**Genus: Pteronura

*** Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis EN

*Family: Otariidae

**Genus: Arctocephalus

*** South American Fur Seal Arctocephalus australis LR/lc

**Genus: Otaria

*** South American Sea Lion Otaria flavescens LR/lc

*Family: Mephitidae

**Genus: Conepatus

*** Molina's Hog-nosed Skunk Conepatus chinga LR/lc

*** Striped Hog-nosed Skunk Conepatus semistriatus LR/lc

Order: Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)

----

The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals. They are usually large to very large, and have relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe.

Family: Tapiridae (tapirs)

*Genus: Tapirus

** Mountain Tapir Tapirus pinchaque EN

** Brazilian Tapir Tapirus terrestris VU

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

----

The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

Family: Tayassuidae (peccaries)

*Genus: Pecari

** Collared Peccary Pecari tajacu LC

*Genus: Tayassu

** White-lipped Peccary Tayassu pecari NT

Family: Camelidae

*Genus: Lama

** Guanaco Lama guanicoe LR/lc

*Genus: Vicugna

** Vicuna Vicugna vicugna LR/cd

Family: Cervidae (deer)

*Subfamily: Capreolinae

**Genus: Blastocerus

*** Marsh deer Blastocerus dichotomus VU

**Genus: Hippocamelus

*** Peruvian Huemul Hippocamelus antisensis DD

**Genus: Mazama

*** Red Brocket Mazama americana DD

*** Dwarf Brocket Mazama chunyi DD

*** Gray Brocket Mazama gouazoupira DD

**Genus: Odocoileus

*** White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus LR/lc

**Genus: Pudu

*** Northern Pudu Pudu mephistophiles LR/nt

Infraclass: Metatheria

Order: Didelphimorphia (common opossums)

----

Didelphimorphia is the order of common opossums of the Western Hemisphere. Opossums probably diverged from the basic South American marsupials in the late Cretaceous or early Paleocene.They are small to medium-sized marsupials, about the size of a large house cat, with a long snout and prehensile tail.

Family: Didelphidae (American opossums)

*Subfamily: Caluromyinae

**Genus: Caluromys

*** Brown-eared Woolly Opossum Caluromys lanatus LR/nt

**Genus: Caluromysiops

*** Black-shouldered Opossum Caluromysiops irrupta VU

**Genus: Glironia

*** Bushy-tailed Opossum Glironia venusta VU

*Subfamily: Didelphinae

**Genus: Chironectes

*** Water Opossum Chironectes minimus LR/nt

**Genus: Didelphis

*** White-eared Opossum Didelphis albiventris LR/lc

*** Common Opossum Didelphis marsupialis LR/lc

**Genus: Gracilinanus

*** Aceramarca Gracile Opossum Gracilinanus aceramarcae CR

*** Agile Gracile Opossum Gracilinanus agilis LR/nt

**Genus: Hyladelphys

*** Peru Gracile Mouse Opossum Hyladelphys kalinowskii DD

**Genus: Marmosa

*** Anderson's Mouse Opossum Marmosa andersoni CR

*** Rufous Mouse Opossum Marmosa lepida LR/nt

*** Linnaeus's Mouse Opossum Marmosa murina LR/lc

*** Robinson's Mouse Opossum Marmosa robinsoni LR/lc

*** Red Mouse Opossum Marmosa rubra LR/lc

**Genus: Marmosops

*** Tschudi's Slender Opossum Marmosops impavidus LR/nt

*** White-bellied Slender Opossum Marmosops noctivagus LR/lc

*** Delicate Slender Opossum Marmosops parvidens LR/nt

**Genus: Metachirus

*** Brown Four-eyed Opossum Metachirus nudicaudatus LR/lc

**Genus: Micoureus

*** Bare-tailed Woolly Mouse Opossum Micoureus regina LR/lc

**Genus: Monodelphis

*** Sepia Short-tailed Opossum Monodelphis adusta LR/lc

*** Emilia's Short-tailed Opossum Monodelphis emiliae VU

*** Osgood's Short-tailed Opossum Monodelphis osgoodi VU

*** Southern Three-striped Opossum Monodelphis theresa VU

**Genus: Philander

*** Anderson's Four-eyed Opossum Philander andersoni LR/lc

*** Gray Four-eyed Opossum Philander opossum LR/lc

**Genus: Thylamys

*** Elegant Fat-tailed Opossum Thylamys elegans LR/lc

Order: Paucituberculata (shrew opossums)

----

There are six extant species of shrew opossum. They are small shrew-like marsupials confined to the Andes.

Family: Caenolestidae

*Genus: Caenolestes

** Gray-bellied Shrew Opossum Caenolestes caniventer LR/lc

*Genus: Lestoros

** Incan Shrew Opossum Lestoros inca LR/lc

See also

List of chordate orders

List of regional mammals lists

List of prehistoric mammals

Mammal classification

New mammal species

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article List of mammals in Peru


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