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List of birds of Peru

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Peru. The avifauna of Peru includes a total of 1879 species, of which 139 are endemic, 3 have been introduced by humans, and 72 are rare or accidental. 91 species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Peru.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. It must be noted that not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring, native species.

(A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Peru.

(E) Endemic A species endemic to Peru.

(I) Introduced A species introduced to Peru as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.



Order: Struthioniformes

Family: Rheidae

The rheas are large flightless birds native to South America. Their feet have three toes rather than four which allows them to run faster. There are 2 species and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

Lesser Rhea Rhea pennata


Order: Tinamiformes

Family: Tinamidae

The tinamous are one of the most ancient groups of bird. Although they look similar to other ground-dwelling birds like quail and grouse, they have no close relatives and are classified as a single family Tinamidae within their own order, the Tinamiformes. They are distantly related to the ratites (order Struthioniformes), that includes the rheas, emu, and kiwi. There are 47 species worldwide and 29 species which occur in Peru. Peru contains the largest number of tinamous of any country.

Gray Tinamou Tinamus tao

Black Tinamou Tinamus osgoodi

Great Tinamou Tinamus major

White-throated Tinamou Tinamus guttatus

Highland Tinamou Nothocercus bonapartei

Tawny-breasted Tinamou Nothocercus julius

Hooded Tinamou Nothocercus nigrocapillus

Cinereous Tinamou Crypturellus cinereus

Red-legged Tinamou Crypturellus erythropus

Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui

Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus

Undulated Tinamou Crypturellus undulatus

Pale-browed Tinamou Crypturellus transfasciatus

Brazilian Tinamou Crypturellus strigulosus

Gray-legged Tinamou Crypturellus duidae

Black-capped Tinamou Crypturellus atrocapillus

Variegated Tinamou Crypturellus variegatus

Rusty Tinamou Crypturellus brevirostris

Bartlett's Tinamou Crypturellus bartletti

Small-billed Tinamou Crypturellus parvirostris

Barred Tinamou Crypturellus casiquiare

Tataupa Tinamou Crypturellus tataupa

Red-winged Tinamou Rhynchotus rufescens

Ornate Tinamou Nothoprocta ornata

Andean Tinamou Nothoprocta pentlandii

Curve-billed Tinamou Nothoprocta curvirostris

Taczanowski's Tinamou Nothoprocta taczanowskii (E)

Darwin's Nothura Nothura darwinii

Puna Tinamou Tinamotis pentlandii


Order: Sphenisciformes

Family: Spheniscidae

The penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. There are 17 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Peru.

King Penguin Aptenodytes patagonicus

Humboldt Penguin Spheniscus humboldti


Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus

Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps

White-tufted Grebe Rollandia rolland

Short-winged Grebe Rollandia microptera

Great Grebe Podiceps major

Silvery Grebe Podiceps occipitalis

Junin Grebe Podiceps taczanowskii (E)


Order: Procellariiformes

Family: Diomedeidae

The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses from the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds. There are 21 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Peru.

Wandering Albatross Diomedea exulans

Royal Albatross Diomedea epomophora

Waved Albatross Phoebastria irrorata

Gray-headed Albatross Thalassarche chrysostoma

Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris

Buller's Albatross Thalassarche bulleri

Shy Albatross Thalassarche cauta

Light-mantled Albatross Phoebetria palpebrata (A)

Shearwaters and Petrels

Order: Procellariiformes

Family: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and 27 species which occur in Peru.

Antarctic Giant Petrel Macronectes giganteus

Hall's Giant Petrel Macronectes halli

Southern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialoides

Cape Petrel Daption capense

Murphy's Petrel Pterodroma ultima (A)

Kermadec Petrel Pterodroma neglecta (A)

Galapagos Petrel Pterodroma phaeopygia

Juan Fernandez Petrel Pterodroma externa (A)

Cook's Petrel Pterodroma cookii

Defilippe's Petrel Pterodroma defilippiana

Black-winged Petrel Pterodroma nigripennis (A)

Stejneger's Petrel Pterodroma longirostris (A)

Blue Petrel Halobaena caerulea (A)

Broad-billed Prion Pachyptila vittata (A)

Antarctic Prion Pachyptila desolata

Slender-billed Prion Pachyptila belcheri

Fairy Prion Pachyptila turtur

Gray Petrel Procellaria cinerea

White-chinned Petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis

Parkinson's Petrel Procellaria parkinsoni

Westland Petrel Procellaria westlandica (A)

Pink-footed Shearwater Puffinus creatopus

Flesh-footed Shearwater Puffinus carneipes (A)

Buller's Shearwater Puffinus bulleri

Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus

Little Shearwater Puffinus assimilis

Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri (A)


Order: Procellariiformes

Family: Hydrobatidae

The storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of sea-birds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Peru.

Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus

White-vented Storm-Petrel Oceanites gracilis

White-faced Storm-Petrel Pelagodroma marina

Black-bellied Storm-Petrel Fregetta tropica

White-bellied Storm-Petrel Fregetta grallaria (A)

Least Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma microsoma

Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma tethys

Band-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma castro (A)

Leach's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Markham's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma markhami

Black Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma melania

Ringed Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma hornbyi

Diving petrels

Order: Procellariiformes

Family: Pelecanoididae

The diving petrels are small auk-like birds found in the southern oceans. They feed on krill, copepods and small fish and squid. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

Peruvian Diving-Petrel Pelecanoides garnotii


Order: Pelecaniformes

Family: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings. There are 3 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Peru.

Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus

Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda (A)


Order: Pelecaniformes

Family: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Peru.

Peruvian Pelican Pelecanus thagus

Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis

Boobies and Gannets

Order: Pelecaniformes

Family: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise medium-to-large coastal sea-birds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Peru.

Blue-footed Booby Sula nebouxii

Peruvian Booby Sula variegata

Masked Booby Sula dactylatra

Nazca Booby Sula granti (A)

Red-footed Booby Sula sula (A)

Brown Booby Sula leucogaster


Order: Pelecaniformes

Family: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Peru.

Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus

Guanay Cormorant Phalacrocorax bougainvillii

Red-legged Cormorant Phalacrocorax gaimardi


Order: Pelecaniformes

Family: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged.

The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

Anhinga Anhinga anhinga


Order: Pelecaniformes

Family: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large sea-birds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Peru.

Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens

Great Frigatebird Fregata minor (A)

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

Order: Ciconiiformes

Family: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in Peru.

Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus

Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias (A)

Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi

Great Egret Ardea alba

Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor

Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea

Snowy Egret Egretta thula

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis

Striated Heron Butorides striata

Green Heron Butorides virescens (A)

Agami Heron Agamia agami

Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea

Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearius

Bare-throated Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma mexicanum (A)

Fasciated Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma fasciatum

Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum

Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus

Stripe-backed Bittern Ixobrychus involucris

Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis

Pinnated Bittern Botaurus pinnatus


Order: Ciconiiformes

Family: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Peru.

Wood Stork Mycteria americana

Maguari Stork Ciconia maguari (A)

Jabiru Jabiru mycteria

Ibises and Spoonbills

Order: Ciconiiformes

Family: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Peru.

Plumbeous Ibis Theristicus caerulescens (A)

Andean Ibis Theristicus branickii

Black-faced Ibis Theristicus melanopis

Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis

White Ibis Eudocimus albus

White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi

Puna Ibis Plegadis ridgwayi

Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja


Order: Phoenicopteriformes

Family: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Peru.

Chilean Flamingo Phoenicopterus chilensis

Andean Flamingo Phoenicopterus andinus

Puna Flamingo Phoenicopterus jamesi


Order: Anseriformes

Family: Anhimidae

The screamers are a small family of birds related to the ducks. They are large, bulky birds, with a small downy head, long legs and large feet which are only partially webbed. They have large spurs on their wings which are used in fights over mates and territorial disputes. There are 3 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Peru.

Horned Screamer Anhima cornuta

Southern Screamer Chauna torquata (A)

Ducks, Geese and Swans

Order: Anseriformes

Family: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 23 species which occur in Peru.

Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor

White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna viduata

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis

Andean Goose Chloephaga melanoptera

Orinoco Goose Neochen jubata

Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata

Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos

Brazilian Teal Amazonetta brasiliensis

Torrent Duck Merganetta armata

Chiloe Wigeon Anas sibilatrix (A)

Speckled Teal Anas flavirostris

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos (I)

Crested Duck Anas specularioides

Yellow-billed Pintail Anas georgica

White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis

Puna Teal Anas puna

Blue-winged Teal Anas discors

Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera

Red Shoveler Anas platalea

Rosy-billed Pochard Netta peposaca (A)

Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma

Masked Duck Nomonyx dominica

Andean Duck Oxyura ferruginea

New World vultures

Order: Falconiformes

Family: Cathartidae

The New World vultures are not closely related to Old World vultures, but superficially resemble them because of convergent evolution. Like the Old World vultures, they are scavengers. However, unlike Old World vultures, which find carcasses by sight, New World vultures have a good sense of smell with which they locate carrion. There are 7 species worldwide, all of which are found only in the Americas, and 6 species which occur in Peru.

Black Vulture Coragyps atratus

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura

Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus

Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotus

Andean Condor Vultur gryphus

King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa


Order: Falconiformes

Family: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Hawks, Kites and Eagles

Order: Falconiformes

Family: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 49 species which occur in Peru.

Gray-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis

Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus

Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus

Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii

White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus (A)

Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis

Slender-billed Kite Rostrhamus hamatus

Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus

Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis

Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea

Long-winged Harrier Circus buffoni (A)

Cinereous Harrier Circus cinereus

Gray-bellied Goshawk Accipiter poliogaster

Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosus

Semicollared Hawk Accipiter collaris

Plain-breasted Hawk Accipiter ventralis

Bicolored Hawk Accipiter bicolor

Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens

Plumbeous Hawk Leucopternis plumbeus

Slate-colored Hawk Leucopternis schistaceus

Barred Hawk Leucopternis princeps (A)

Black-faced Hawk Leucopternis melanops

White-browed Hawk Leucopternis kuhli

White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis

Gray-backed Hawk Leucopternis occidentalis

Mangrove Black-Hawk Buteogallus subtilis

Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga

Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis

Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus

Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis

Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus

Solitary Eagle Harpyhaliaetus solitarius

Gray Hawk Asturina nitida

Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris

Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus

White-rumped Hawk Buteo leucorrhous

Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus

White-throated Hawk Buteo albigula

Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni

White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus

Red-backed Hawk Buteo polyosoma

Puna Hawk Buteo poecilochrous

Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus

Crested Eagle Morphnus guianensis

Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja

Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizastur melanoleucus

Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus

Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus

Black-and-chestnut Eagle Oroaetus isidori

Caracaras and Falcons

Order: Falconiformes

Family: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in Peru.

Black Caracara Daptrius ater

Red-throated Caracara Ibycter americanus

Mountain Caracara Phalcoboenus megalopterus

Northern Caracara Caracara cheriway

Southern Caracara Caracara plancus

Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima

Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans

Barred Forest-falcon Micrastur ruficollis

Lined Forest-falcon Micrastur gilvicollis

Slaty-backed Forest-falcon Micrastur mirandollei

Collared Forest-falcon Micrastur semitorquatus

Buckley's Forest-falcon Micrastur buckleyi

American Kestrel Falco sparverius

Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis

Merlin Falco columbarius

Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis

Orange-breasted Falcon Falco deiroleucus

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

Guans, Chachalacas and allies

Order: Galliformes

Family: Cracidae

The Cracidae are large birds, similar in general appearance to turkeys. The guans and curassows live in trees, but the smaller chachalacas are found in more open scrubby habitats. They are generally dull-plumaged, but the curassows and some guans have colourful facial ornaments. There are 50 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Peru.

Rufous-headed Chachalaca Ortalis erythroptera

Speckled Chachalaca Ortalis guttata

Bearded Guan Penelope barbata

Andean Guan Penelope montagnii

Crested Guan Penelope purpurascens

White-winged Guan Penelope albipennis (E)

Spix's Guan Penelope jacquacu

Blue-throated Piping-Guan Pipile cumanensis

Red-throated Piping-Guan Pipile cujubi

Wattled Guan Aburria aburri

Sickle-winged Guan Chamaepetes goudotii

Nocturnal Curassow Nothocrax urumutum

Salvin's Curassow Mitu salvini

Razor-billed Curassow Mitu tuberosa

Horned Curassow Pauxi unicornis

Wattled Curassow Crax globulosa

New World quails

Order: Galliformes

Family: Odontophoridae

The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. There are 32 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas, and 4 species which occur in Peru.

Marbled Wood-Quail Odontophorus gujanensis

Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail Odontophorus speciosus

Stripe-faced Wood-Quail Odontophorus balliviani

Starred Wood-Quail Odontophorus stellatus


Order: Opisthocomiformes

Family: Opisthocomidae

The Hoatzin is pheasant-sized - but much slimmer - long-tailed, long-necked and has a small head. It has an unfeathered blue face with red eyes, and its head is topped by spiky crest. It is a weak flier which is found in the swamps of the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.

Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin


Order: Gruiformes

Family: Aramidae

The Limpkin resembles a large rail. It has drab brown plumage and a greyer head and neck.

Limpkin Aramus guarauna


Order: Gruiformes

Family: Psophiidae

The trumpeters are dumpy birds with long necks and legs, and chicken-like bills. They are named for the trumpeting call of the males. There are 3 species worldwide, restricted to the Amazon basin, and 2 species which occur in Peru.

Gray-winged Trumpeter Psophia crepitans

Pale-winged Trumpeter Psophia leucoptera

Rails, Crakes, Gallinules, and Coots

Order: Gruiformes

Family: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 31 species which occur in Peru.

Ocellated Crake Micropygia schomburgkii

Chestnut-headed Crake Anurolimnas castaneiceps

Russet-crowned Crake Anurolimnas viridis

Black-banded Crake Anurolimnas fasciatus

Rufous-sided Crake Laterallus melanophaius

White-throated Crake Laterallus albigularis

Gray-breasted Crake Laterallus exilis

Junin Rail Laterallus tuerosi (E)

Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis

Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris

Virginia Rail Rallus limicola

Bogota Rail Rallus semiplumbeus

Rufous-necked Wood-Rail Aramides axillaris

Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea

Brown Wood-Rail Aramides wolfi

Red-winged Wood-Rail Aramides calopterus

Uniform Crake Amaurolimnas concolor

Sora Porzana carolina

Ash-throated Crake Porzana albicollis

Paint-billed Crake Neocrex erythrops

Spotted Rail Pardirallus maculatus

Blackish Rail Pardirallus nigricans

Plumbeous Rail Pardirallus sanguinolentus

Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica

Azure Gallinule Porphyrio flavirostris

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus

Spot-flanked Gallinule Gallinula melanops

American Coot Fulica americana

Slate-colored Coot Fulica ardesiaca

Red-fronted Coot Fulica rufifrons

Giant Coot Fulica gigantea

Sungrebe and Finfoots

Order: Gruiformes

Family: Heliornithidae

The Heliornithidae are small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

Sungrebe Heliornis fulica


Order: Gruiformes

Family: Eurypygidae

The Sunbittern is a bittern-like bird of tropical regions of the Americas, and the sole member of the family Eurypygidae (sometimes spelled Eurypigidae) and genus Eurypyga.

Sunbittern Eurypyga helias


Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana


Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Peru.

Blackish Oystercatcher Haematopus ater

American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus

Avocets and Stilts

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Peru.

Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus

White-backed Stilt Himantopus melanurus

Andean Avocet Recurvirostra andina


Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

Peruvian Thick-knee Burhinus superciliaris

Plovers and Lapwings

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Peru.

Pied Lapwing Vanellus cayanus

Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis

Andean Lapwing Vanellus resplendens

American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica

Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola

Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus

Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia

Killdeer Charadrius vociferus

Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus

Collared Plover Charadrius collaris

Puna Plover Charadrius alticola

Two-banded Plover Charadrius falklandicus (A)

Rufous-chested Dotterel Charadrius modestus

Diademed Sandpiper-Plover Phegornis mitchellii

Tawny-throated Dotterel Oreopholus ruficollis

Sandpipers and allies

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 37 species which occur in Peru.

Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata

South American Snipe Gallinago paraguaiae

Puna Snipe Gallinago andina

Noble Snipe Gallinago nobilis

Andean Snipe Gallinago jamesoni

Imperial Snipe Gallinago imperialis

Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus

Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus (A)

Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica

Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus

Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda

Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca

Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes

Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria

Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia

Wandering Tattler Heterosceles incanus

Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres

Surfbird Aphriza virgata

Red Knot Calidris canutus

Sanderling Calidris alba

Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla

Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri

Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis (A)

Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla

White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis

Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii

Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea (A)

Dunlin Calidris alpina (A)

Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus

Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis

Ruff Philomachus pugnax (A)

Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor

Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus

Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius


Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Thinocoridae

The seedsnipes are a small family of birds that superficially resemble sparrows. They have short legs and long wings and are herbivorous waders. There are 4 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Peru.

Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi

Gray-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

Skuas and Jaegers

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Peru.

Chilean Skua Stercorarius chilensis

South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki

Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus

Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus

Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus


Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Peru.

Belcher's Gull Larus belcheri

Gray Gull Larus modestus

Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus

American Herring Gull Larus smithsonianus (A)

Gray-headed Gull Larus cirrocephalus

Brown-hooded Gull Larus maculipennis

Andean Gull Larus serranus

Laughing Gull Larus atricilla

Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan

Sabine's Gull Xema sabini

Swallow-tailed Gull Creagrus furcatus

Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla


Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large sea-birds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Peru.

Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica

Elegant Tern Sterna elegans

Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis

Royal Tern Sterna maxima

South American Tern Sterna hirundinacea

Common Tern Sterna hirundo

Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea

Snowy-crowned Tern Sterna trudeaui

Least Tern Sterna antillarum

Yellow-billed Tern Sterna superciliaris

Peruvian Tern Sterna lorata

Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata

Black Tern Chlidonias niger

Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex

Brown Noddy Anous stolidus

Inca Tern Larosterna inca


Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

Black Skimmer Rynchops niger

Pigeons and Doves

Order: Columbiformes

Family: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 28 species which occur in Peru.

Rock Pigeon Columba livia (I)

Scaled Pigeon Patagioenas speciosa

Spot-winged Pigeon Patagioenas maculosa

Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata

Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis

Peruvian Pigeon Patagioenas oenops (E)

Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea

Ruddy Pigeon Patagioenas subvinacea

Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata

Pacific Dove Zenaida meloda

Plain-breasted Ground Dove Columbina minuta

Ecuadorian Ground Dove Columbina buckleyi

Ruddy Ground Dove Columbina talpacoti

Picui Ground Dove Columbina picui

Croaking Ground Dove Columbina cruziana

Blue Ground Dove Claravis pretiosa

Maroon-chested Ground Dove Claravis mondetoura

Bare-faced Ground Dove Metriopelia ceciliae

Black-winged Ground Dove Metriopelia melanoptera

Golden-spotted Ground Dove Metriopelia aymara

White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi

White-faced Dove Leptotila megalura

Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla

Ochre-bellied Dove Leptotila ochraceiventris

Sapphire Quail Dove Geotrygon saphirina

White-throated Quail Dove Geotrygon frenata

Violaceous Quail Dove Geotrygon violacea (A)

Ruddy Quail Dove Geotrygon montana

Parrots, Macaws and allies

Order: Psittaciformes

Family: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 53 species which occur in Peru.

Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna

Military Macaw Ara militaris

Scarlet Macaw Ara

Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloroptera

Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severa

Red-bellied Macaw Orthopsittaca manilata

Blue-headed Macaw Primolius couloni

Red-shouldered Macaw Diopsittaca nobilis

Scarlet-fronted Parakeet Aratinga wagleri

Mitred Parakeet Aratinga mitrata

Red-masked Parakeet Aratinga erythrogenys

White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus

Dusky-headed Parakeet Aratinga weddellii

Peach-fronted Parakeet Aratinga aurea

Golden-plumed Parakeet Leptosittaca branickii

Green-cheeked Parakeet Pyrrhura molinae

Red-crowned Parakeet Pyrrhura roseifrons

Deville's Parakeet Pyrrhura lucianii

Wavy-breasted Parakeet Pyrrhura peruviana

Maroon-tailed Parakeet Pyrrhura melanura

Black-capped Parakeet Pyrrhura rupicola

Andean Parakeet Bolborhynchus orbygnesius

Barred Parakeet Bolborhynchus lineola

Mountain Parakeet Psilopsiagon aurifrons

Blue-winged Parrotlet Forpus xanthopterygius

Dusky-billed Parrotlet Forpus sclateri

Pacific Parrotlet Forpus coelestis

Yellow-faced Parrotlet Forpus xanthops (E)

White-winged Parakeet Brotogeris versicolurus

Gray-cheeked Parakeet Brotogeris pyrrhopterus

Cobalt-winged Parakeet Brotogeris cyanoptera

Tui Parakeet Brotogeris sanctithomae

Amazonian Parrotlet Nannopsittaca dachilleae

Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet Touit huetii

Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet Touit purpurata

Spot-winged Parrotlet Touit stictoptera

Black-headed Parrot Pionites melanocephala

White-bellied Parrot Pionites leucogaster

Orange-cheeked Parrot Pionopsitta barrabandi

Black-winged Parrot Hapalopsittaca melanotis

Rusty-faced Parrot Hapalopsittaca amazonina

Red-faced Parrot Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops

Short-tailed Parrot Graydidascalus brachyurus

Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus

Red-billed Parrot Pionus sordidus

Speckle-faced Parrot Pionus tumultuosus

Bronze-winged Parrot Pionus chalcopterus

Festive Parrot Amazona festiva

Yellow-crowned Parrot Amazona ochrocephala

Orange-winged Parrot Amazona amazonica

Scaly-naped Parrot Amazona mercenaria

Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa

Red-fan Parrot Deroptyus accipitrinus

Cuckoos and Anis

Order: Cuculiformes

Family: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Peru.

Ash-colored Cuckoo Coccyzus cinereus

Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus

Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus

Dark-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus melacoryphus

Gray-capped Cuckoo Coccyzus lansbergi

Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana

Black-bellied Cuckoo Piaya melanogaster

Little Cuckoo Piaya minuta

Greater Ani Crotophaga major

Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani

Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris

Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia

Pheasant Cuckoo Dromococcyx phasianellus

Pavonine Cuckoo Dromococcyx pavoninus

Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo Neomorphus geoffroyi

Red-billed Ground-Cuckoo Neomorphus pucheranii

Barn owls

Order: Strigiformes

Family: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

Barn Owl Tyto alba

Typical owls

Order: Strigiformes

Family: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 31 species which occur in Peru.

Tropical Screech-Owl Megascops choliba

Koepcke's Screech-Owl Megascops koepckeae

West Peruvian Screech-Owl Megascops roboratus

Rufescent Screech-Owl Megascops ingens

Colombian Screech-Owl Megascops colombianus

Cinnamon Screech-Owl Megascops petersoni

Cloud-forest Screech-Owl Megascops marshalli (E)

Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl Megascops watsonii

Rio Napo Screech-owl Megascops napensis

White-throated Screech-Owl Megascops albogularis

Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus

Magellanic Horned Owl Bubo magellanicus

Mottled Owl Ciccaba virgata

Black-and-white Owl Ciccaba nigrolineata

Black-banded Owl Ciccaba huhula

Rufous-banded Owl Ciccaba albitarsus

Crested Owl Lophostrix cristata

Spectacled Owl Pulsatrix perspicillata

Band-bellied Owl Pulsatrix melanota

Andean Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium jardinii

Subtropical Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium parkeri

Yungas Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium bolivianum

Amazonian Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium hardyi

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum

Peruvian Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium peruanum

Long-whiskered Owlet Xenoglaux loweryi (E)

Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia

Buff-fronted Owl Aegolius harrisii

Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator

Stygian Owl Asio stygius (A)

Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus


Order: Caprimulgiformes

Family: Steatornithidae

The Oilbird is a slim, long-winged bird related to the nightjars. It is nocturnal and a specialist feeder on the fruit of the Oil palm.

Oilbird Steatornis caripensis


Order: Caprimulgiformes

Family: Nyctibiidae

The potoos (sometimes called Poor-Me-Ones) are large near passerine birds related to the nightjars and frogmouths. They are nocturnal insectivores which lack the bristles around the mouth found in the true nightjars. There are 5 species, all of which are from the South American tropical region, and 6 species which occur in Peru.

Great Potoo Nyctibius grandis

Long-tailed Potoo Nyctibius aethereus

Andean Potoo Nyctibius maculosus

Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus

White-winged Potoo Nyctibius leucopterus (A)

Rufous Potoo Nyctibius bracteatus


Order: Caprimulgiformes

Family: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 20 species which occur in Peru.

Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus

Rufous-bellied Nighthawk Lurocalis rufiventris

Sand-colored Nighthawk Chordeiles rupestris

Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis

Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor

Nacunda Nighthawk Podager nacunda

Band-tailed Nighthawk Nyctiprogne leucopyga

Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis

Ocellated Poorwill Nyctiphrynus ocellatus

Rufous Nightjar Caprimulgus rufus

Silky-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus sericocaudatus

Band-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus longirostris

Little Nightjar Caprimulgus parvulus

Spot-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus maculicaudus

Scrub Nightjar Caprimulgus anthonyi

Blackish Nightjar Caprimulgus nigrescens

Lyre-tailed Nightjar Uropsalis lyra

Swallow-tailed Nightjar Uropsalis segmentata

Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca

Scissor-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis torquata


Order: Apodiformes

Family: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Peru.

Rothschild's Swift Cypseloides rothschildi (A)

White-chinned Swift Cypseloides cryptus

Chestnut-collared Swift Streptoprocne rutila

White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris

Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris

Pale-rumped Swift Chaetura egregia

Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica

Chapman's Swift Chaetura chapmani

Short-tailed Swift Chaetura brachyura

Tumbes Swift Chaetura ocypetes

Ashy-tailed Swift Chaetura andrei

White-tipped Swift Aeronautes montivagus

Andean Swift Aeronautes andecolus

Fork-tailed Palm-Swift Tachornis squamata

Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis


Order: Trochiliformes

Family: Trochilidae

Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. They are the only birds that can fly backwards. There are 337 species worldwide and 135 species which occur in Peru.

White-tipped Sicklebill Eutoxeres aquila

Buff-tailed Sicklebill Eutoxeres condamini

Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsuta

Pale-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes niger

Green Hermit Phaethornis guy

White-bearded Hermit Phaethornis hispidus

Western Long-tailed Hermit Phaethornis longirostris

Eastern Long-tailed Hermit Phaethornis superciliosus

Great-billed Hermit Phaethornis malaris

Tawny-bellied Hermit Phaethornis syrmatophorus

Koepcke's Hermit Phaethornis koepckeae (E)

Needle-billed Hermit Phaethornis philippii

Straight-billed Hermit Phaethornis bourcieri

Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber

White-browed Hermit Phaethornis stuarti

Black-throated Hermit Phaethornis atrimentalis

Gray-chinned Hermit Phaethornis griseogularis

Green-fronted Lancebill Doryfera ludovicae

Blue-fronted Lancebill Doryfera johannae

Gray-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus largipennis

Napo Sabrewing Campylopterus villaviscensio

Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macrourus

White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora

Brown Violet-ear Colibri delphinae

Green Violet-ear Colibri thalassinus

Sparkling Violet-ear Colibri coruscans

White-vented Violet-ear Colibri serrirostris

Green-breasted Mango Anthracothorax prevostii

Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis

Fiery Topaz Topaza pyra

Violet-headed Hummingbird Klais guimeti

Rufous-crested Coquette Lophornis delattrei

Spangled Coquette Lophornis stictolophus

Festive Coquette Lophornis chalybeus

Wire-crested Thorntail Popelairia popelairii

Black-bellied Thorntail Popelairia langsdorffi

Green Thorntail Discosura conversii

Blue-chinned Sapphire Chlorostilbon notatus

Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus

Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon aureoventris (A)

Short-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon poortmani

Green-crowned Woodnymph Thalurania fannyi (A)

Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata

Violet-bellied Hummingbird Damophila julie

Rufous-throated Sapphire Hylocharis sapphirina

White-chinned Sapphire Hylocharis cyanus

Golden-tailed Sapphire Chrysuronia oenone

White-tailed Goldenthroat Polytmus guainumbi

Green-tailed Goldenthroat Polytmus theresiae

Tumbes Hummingbird Leucippus baeri (E)

Spot-throated Hummingbird Leucippus taczanowskii (E)

Olive-spotted Hummingbird Leucippus chlorocercus (E)

White-bellied Hummingbird Leucippus chionogaster

Green-and-white Hummingbird Leucippus viridicauda (E)

Many-spotted Hummingbird Leucippus hypostictus

Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl

Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia

Versicolored Emerald Agyrtria versicolor (A)

Andean Emerald Agyrtria franciae

Sapphire-spangled Emerald Polyerata lactea

Glittering-throated Emerald Polyerata fimbriata

White-vented Plumeleteer Chalybura buffonii

Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer Chalybura urochrysia

Ecuadorian Piedtail Phlogophilus hemileucurus

Peruvian Piedtail Phlogophilus harterti (E)

Speckled Hummingbird Adelomyia melanogenys

Gould's Jewelfront Heliodoxa aurescens

Fawn-breasted Brilliant Heliodoxa rubinoides

Violet-fronted Brilliant Heliodoxa leadbeateri

Black-throated Brilliant Heliodoxa schreibersii

Pink-throated Brilliant Heliodoxa gularis

Rufous-webbed Brilliant Heliodoxa branickii (E)

White-tailed Hillstar Urochroa bougueri

Chestnut-breasted Coronet Boissonneaua matthewsii

Shining Sunbeam Aglaeactis cupripennis

White-tufted Sunbeam Aglaeactis castelnaudii (E)

Purple-backed Sunbeam Aglaeactis aliciae (E)

Andean Hillstar Oreotrochilus estella

Green-headed Hillstar Oreotrochilus stolzmanni (E)

Black-breasted Hillstar Oreotrochilus melanogaster (E)

Mountain Velvetbreast Lafresnaya lafresnayi

Bronzy Inca Coeligena coeligena

Gould's Inca Coeligena inca

Collared Inca Coeligena torquata

Buff-winged Starfrontlet Coeligena lutetiae

Violet-throated Starfrontlet Coeligena violifer

Rainbow Starfrontlet Coeligena iris

Sword-billed Hummingbird Ensifera ensifera

Great Sapphirewing Pterophanes cyanopterus

Giant Hummingbird Patagona gigas

Amethyst-throated Sunangel Heliangelus amethysticollis

Little Sunangel Heliangelus micraster

Purple-throated Sunangel Heliangelus viola

Royal Sunangel Heliangelus regalis (E)

Glowing Puffleg Eriocnemis vestitus

Sapphire-vented Puffleg Eriocnemis luciani

Coppery-naped Puffleg Eriocnemis sapphiropygia (E)

Emerald-bellied Puffleg Eriocnemis alinae

Greenish Puffleg Haplophaedia aureliae

Buff-thighed Puffleg Haplophaedia assimilis

Purple-bibbed Whitetip Urosticte benjamini

Rufous-vented Whitetip Urosticte ruficrissa

Booted Racket-tail Ocreatus underwoodii

Black-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia victoriae

Green-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia nuna

Red-tailed Comet Sappho sparganura

Bronze-tailed Comet Polyonymus caroli (E)

Purple-backed Thornbill Ramphomicron microrhynchum

Bearded Mountaineer Oreonympha nobilis (E)

Tyrian Metaltail Metallura tyrianthina

Scaled Metaltail Metallura aeneocauda

Fire-throated Metaltail Metallura eupogon (E)

Coppery Metaltail Metallura theresiae (E)

Neblina Metaltail Metallura odomae

Black Metaltail Metallura phoebe (E)

Rufous-capped Thornbill Chalcostigma ruficeps

Olivaceous Thornbill Chalcostigma olivaceum

Blue-mantled Thornbill Chalcostigma stanleyi

Rainbow-bearded Thornbill Chalcostigma herrani

Mountain Avocetbill Opisthoprora euryptera

Gray-bellied Comet Taphrolesbia griseiventris (E)

Long-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus kingi

Wedge-billed Hummingbird Augastes geoffroyi

Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx aurita

Marvelous Spatuletail Loddigesia mirabilis (E)

Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris

Blue-tufted Starthroat Heliomaster furcifer

Oasis Hummingbird Rhodopis vesper

Peruvian Sheartail Thaumastura cora (E)

Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystina

Purple-collared Woodstar Myrtis fanny

Chilean Woodstar Eulidia yarrellii

Short-tailed Woodstar Myrmia micrura

White-bellied Woodstar Chaetocercus mulsant

Little Woodstar Chaetocercus bombus

Trogons and Quetzals

Order: Trogoniformes

Family: Trogonidae

The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Peru.

White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis

Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus

Collared Trogon Trogon collaris

Masked Trogon Trogon personatus

Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus

Blue-crowned Trogon Trogon curucui

Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus

Crested Quetzal Pharomachrus antisianus

Golden-headed Quetzal Pharomachrus auriceps

Pavonine Quetzal Pharomachrus pavoninus


Order: Coraciiformes

Family: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Peru.

Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquatus

Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona

Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana

Green-and-rufous Kingfisher Chloroceryle inda

American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea


Order: Coraciiformes

Family: Momotidae

The motmots have colorful plumage and long, graduated tails, which they display by waggling back and forth. In most of the species, the barbs near the ends of the two longest (central) tail feathers are weak and fall off, leaving a length of bare shaft, and creating a racket-shaped tail. There are 10 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Peru.

Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota

Highland Motmot Momotus aequatorialis

Rufous Motmot Baryphthengus martii

Broad-billed Motmot Electron platyrhynchum


Order: Piciformes

Family: Galbulidae

The jacamars are near passerine birds from tropical South America, with a range that extends up to Mexico. They are glossy elegant birds with long bills and tails, which feed on insects caught on the wing. In appearance and behaviour they show resemblances to the Old World bee-eaters, although they are more closely related to woodpeckers. There are 18 species and 13 species that occur in Peru.

White-eared Jacamar Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis

Chestnut Jacamar Galbalcyrhynchus purusianus

Brown Jacamar Brachygalba lugubris

White-throated Jacamar Brachygalba albogularis (E)

Yellow-billed Jacamar Galbula albirostris

Blue-cheeked Jacamar Galbula cyanicollis

Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda

Coppery-chested Jacamar Galbula pastazae

Bluish-fronted Jacamar Galbula cyanescens

White-chinned Jacamar Galbula tombacea

Purplish Jacamar Galbula chalcothorax

Paradise Jacamar Galbula dea

Great Jacamar Jacamerops aureus


Order: Piciformes

Family: Bucconidae

The puffbirds are related to the jacamars, and have the same range, but lack the iridescent colours of that family. They are mainly brown, rufous or grey, with large heads and flattened bills with a hooked tip. The loose abundant plumage and short tails makes them look stout and puffy, giving rise to the English common name of the family. There are 34 species and 22 species which occur in Peru.

White-necked Puffbird Notharchus macrorhynchos

Brown-banded Puffbird Notharchus ordii

Pied Puffbird Notharchus tectus

Chestnut-capped Puffbird Bucco macrodactylus

Spotted Puffbird Bucco tamatia

Collared Puffbird Bucco capensis

White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru

Striolated Puffbird Nystalus striolatus

White-chested Puffbird Malacoptila fusca

Semicollared Puffbird Malacoptila semicincta

Black-streaked Puffbird Malacoptila fulvogularis

Rufous-necked Puffbird Malacoptila rufa

Lanceolated Monklet Micromonacha lanceolata

Fulvous-chinned Nunlet Nonnula sclateri

Rusty-breasted Nunlet Nonnula rubecula

Brown Nunlet Nonnula brunnea

Rufous-capped Nunlet Nonnula ruficapilla

White-faced Nunbird Hapaloptila castanea

Black-fronted Nunbird Monasa nigrifrons

White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus

Yellow-billed Nunbird Monasa flavirostris

Swallow-wing Chelidoptera tenebrosa


Order: Piciformes

Family: Capitonidae

The barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured. There are 84 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Peru.

Scarlet-crowned Barbet Capito aurovirens

Scarlet-banded Barbet Capito wallacei (E)

Black-spotted Barbet Capito niger

Gilded Barbet Capito auratus

Lemon-throated Barbet Eubucco richardsoni

Red-headed Barbet Eubucco bourcierii

Scarlet-hooded Barbet Eubucco tucinkae (E)

Versicolored Barbet Eubucco versicolor


Order: Piciformes

Family: Ramphastidae

Toucans are near passerine birds from the neotropics. They are brightly marked and have enormous, colourful bills which in some species may amount to half their body length. There are 40 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in Peru.

Chestnut-tipped Toucanet Aulacorhynchus derbianus

Crimson-rumped Toucanet Aulacorhynchus haematopygus

Yellow-browed Toucanet Aulacorhynchus huallagae (E)

Blue-banded Toucanet Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis

Lettered Aracari Pteroglossus inscriptus

Green Aracari Pteroglossus viridis

Ivory-billed Aracari Pteroglossus azara

Chestnut-eared Aracari Pteroglossus castanotis

Collared Aracari Pteroglossus torquatus (A)

Many-banded Aracari Pteroglossus pluricinctus

Curl-crested Aracari Pteroglossus beauharnaesii

Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan Andigena hypoglauca

Hooded Mountain-Toucan Andigena cucullata

Black-billed Mountain-Toucan Andigena nigrirostris (A)

Golden-collared Toucanet Selenidera reinwardtii

Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus

Black-mandibled Toucan Ramphastos ambiguus

Red-billed Toucan Ramphastos tucanus

Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco

Andean Toucanet Aulacorhynchus albivitta

Black-throated Toucanet Aulacorhynchus atrogularis

Woodpeckers and allies

Order: Piciformes

Family: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 39 species which occur in Peru.

Bar-breasted Piculet Picumnus aurifrons

Lafresnaye's Piculet Picumnus lafresnayi

Ecuadorian Piculet Picumnus sclateri

Speckle-chested Piculet Picumnus steindachneri (E)

Ocellated Piculet Picumnus dorbignyanus

Rufous-breasted Piculet Picumnus rufiventris

Plain-breasted Piculet Picumnus castelnau

Fine-barred Piculet Picumnus subtilis (E)

Olivaceous Piculet Picumnus olivaceus

White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus

Black-cheeked Woodpecker Melanerpes pucherani

Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus

White-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes cactorum

Scarlet-backed Woodpecker Veniliornis callonotus

Yellow-vented Woodpecker Veniliornis dignus

Bar-bellied Woodpecker Veniliornis nigriceps

Smoky-brown Woodpecker Veniliornis fumigatus

Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus

Red-rumped Woodpecker Veniliornis kirkii

Red-stained Woodpecker Veniliornis affinis

White-throated Woodpecker Piculus leucolaemus

Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula

Golden-green Woodpecker Piculus chrysochloros

Golden-olive Woodpecker Piculus rubiginosus

Crimson-mantled Woodpecker Piculus rivolii

Black-necked Woodpecker Colaptes atricollis (E)

Spot-breasted Woodpecker Colaptes punctigula

Andean Flicker Colaptes rupicola

Scaly-breasted Woodpecker Celeus grammicus

Chestnut Woodpecker Celeus elegans

Cream-colored Woodpecker Celeus flavus

Rufous-headed Woodpecker Celeus spectabilis

Ringed Woodpecker Celeus torquatus

Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus

Powerful Woodpecker Campephilus pollens

Crimson-bellied Woodpecker Campephilus haematogaster

Red-necked Woodpecker Campephilus rubricollis

Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos

Guayaquil Woodpecker Campephilus gayaquilensis


Order: Passeriformes

Family: Furnariidae

Ovenbirds comprise a large family of small sub-oscine passerine bird species found in Central and South America. They are a diverse group of insectivores which gets its name from the elaborate "oven-like" clay nests built by some species, although others build stick nests or nest in tunnels or clefts in rock. There are 243 species worldwide and 122 species which occur in Peru. Peru contains the greatest diversity of ovenbirds of any country.

Coastal Miner Geositta peruviana (E)

Grayish Miner Geositta maritima

Common Miner Geositta cunicularia

Puna Miner Geositta punensis

Dark-winged Miner Geositta saxicolina (E)

Thick-billed Miner Geositta crassirostris (E)

Slender-billed Miner Geositta tenuirostris

Scale-throated Earthcreeper Upucerthia dumetaria

Plain-breasted Earthcreeper Upucerthia jelskii

White-throated Earthcreeper Upucerthia albigula

Striated Earthcreeper Upucerthia serrana (E)

Straight-billed Earthcreeper Upucerthia ruficauda

Peruvian Seaside Cinclodes Cinclodes taczanowskii (E)

Bar-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes fuscus

Royal Cinclodes Cinclodes aricomae

White-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes atacamensis

White-bellied Cinclodes Cinclodes palliatus (E)

Pale-legged Hornero Furnarius leucopus

Bay Hornero Furnarius torridus

Lesser Hornero Furnarius minor

Andean Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura andicola

Streaked Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura striata

Rusty-crowned Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura pileata (E)

White-browed Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura xenothorax (E)

Plain-mantled Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura aegithaloides

Tawny Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura yanacensis

Wren-like Rushbird Phleocryptes melanops

Russet-bellied Spinetail Synallaxis zimmeri (E)

Rufous Spinetail Synallaxis unirufa

Azara's Spinetail Synallaxis azarae

Apurimac Spinetail Synallaxis courseni (E)

Cinereous-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis hypospodia

Pale-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albescens

Dark-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albigularis

Slaty Spinetail Synallaxis brachyura

Cabanis's Spinetail Synallaxis cabanisi

Dusky Spinetail Synallaxis moesta

Plain-crowned Spinetail Synallaxis gujanensis

Maranon Spinetail Synallaxis maranonica

White-bellied Spinetail Synallaxis propinqua

Blackish-headed Spinetail Synallaxis tithys

Ruddy Spinetail Synallaxis rutilans

Chestnut-throated Spinetail Synallaxis cherriei

Necklaced Spinetail Synallaxis stictothorax

Chinchipe Spinetail Synallaxis chinchipensis (E)

Great Spinetail Siptornopsis hypochondriacus (E)

White-browed Spinetail Hellmayrea gularis

Creamy-crested Spinetail Cranioleuca albicapilla (E)

Light-crowned Spinetail Cranioleuca albiceps

Marcapata Spinetail Cranioleuca marcapatae (E)

Baron's Spinetail Cranioleuca baroni (E)

Line-cheeked Spinetail Cranioleuca antisiensis

Ash-browed Spinetail Cranioleuca curtata

Rusty-backed Spinetail Cranioleuca vulpina

Parker's Spinetail Cranioleuca vulpecula

Speckled Spinetail Cranioleuca gutturata

Red-and-white Spinetail Certhiaxis mustelina

Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxis cinnamomea

White-chinned Thistletail Schizoeaca fuliginosa

Mouse-colored Thistletail Schizoeaca griseomurina

Eye-ringed Thistletail Schizoeaca palpebralis (E)

Vilcabamba Thistletail Schizoeaca vilcabambae (E)

Puna Thistletail Schizoeaca helleri (E)

Creamy-breasted Canastero Asthenes dorbignyi

Dark-winged Canastero Asthenes arequipae

Pale-tailed Canastero Asthenes huancavelicae (E)

Canyon Canastero Asthenes pudibunda (E)

Rusty-fronted Canastero Asthenes ottonis (E)

Cordilleran Canastero Asthenes modesta

Cactus Canastero Asthenes cactorum (E)

Streak-throated Canastero Asthenes humilis

Streak-backed Canastero Asthenes wyatti

Puna Canastero Asthenes sclateri

Scribble-tailed Canastero Asthenes maculicauda

Junin Canastero Asthenes virgata (E)

Line-fronted Canastero Asthenes urubambensis

Many-striped Canastero Asthenes flammulata

Plain Softtail Phacellodomus fusciceps

Russet-mantled Softtail Phacellodomus berlepschi (E)

Common Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons

Streak-fronted Thornbird Phacellodomus striaticeps

Chestnut-backed Thornbird Phacellodomus dorsalis (E)

Orange-fronted Plushcrown Metopothrix aurantiacus

Equatorial Graytail Xenerpestes singularis

Spectacled Prickletail Siptornis striaticollis

Rusty-winged Barbtail Premnornis guttuligera

Spotted Barbtail Premnoplex brunnescens

Pearled Treerunner Margarornis squamiger

Rufous-tailed Xenops Xenops milleri

Slender-billed Xenops Xenops tenuirostris

Plain Xenops Xenops minutus

Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans

Montane Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia striaticollis

Streaked Tuftedcheek Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii

Flammulated Treehunter Thripadectes flammulatus

Buff-throated Treehunter Thripadectes scrutator

Striped Treehunter Thripadectes holostictus

Black-billed Treehunter Thripadectes melanorhynchus

Lineated Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla subalaris

Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla rufosuperciliata

Rufous-necked Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla ruficollis

Point-tailed Palmcreeper Berlepschia rikeri

Peruvian Recurvebill Simoxenops ucayalae

Striped Woodhaunter Hyloctistes subulatus

Chestnut-winged Hookbill Ancistrops strigilatus

Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner Philydor erythropterus

Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner Philydor erythrocercus

Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner Philydor ruficaudatus

Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufus

Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner Philydor pyrrhodes

Crested Foliage-gleaner Automolus dorsalis

Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner Automolus rufipileatus

Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus

Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner Automolus infuscatus

Brown-rumped Foliage-gleaner Automolus melanopezus

Ruddy Foliage-gleaner Automolus rubiginosus

Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner Hylocryptus erythrocephalus

Short-billed Leaftosser Sclerurus rufigularis

Tawny-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus mexicanus

Gray-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus albigularis

Black-tailed Leaftosser Sclerurus caudacutus

Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura


Order: Passeriformes

Family: Dendrocolaptidae

The Dendrocolaptidae are brownish birds and maintain an upright vertical posture, supported by their stiff tail vanes. They feed mainly on insects taken from tree trunks. There are 57 species worldwide and 30 species which occur in Peru.

Tyrannine Woodcreeper Dendrocincla tyrannina

Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa

White-chinned Woodcreeper Dendrocincla merula

Long-tailed Woodcreeper Deconychura longicauda

Spot-throated Woodcreeper Deconychura stictolaema

Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus

Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus

Long-billed Woodcreeper Nasica longirostris

Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper Dendrexetastes rufigula

Bar-bellied Woodcreeper Hylexetastes stresemanni

Strong-billed Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus

Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes certhia

Black-banded Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes picumnus

Striped Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus obsoletus

Ocellated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus ocellatus

Tschudi's Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus chunchotambo

Elegant Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus elegans

Jurua Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus juruanus

Buff-throated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatus

Lafresnaye's Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatoides

Olive-backed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus triangularis

Straight-billed Woodcreeper Dendroplex picus

Zimmer's Woodcreeper Dendroplex kienerii (A)

Streak-headed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes souleyetii

Montane Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger

Lineated Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes albolineatus

Greater Scythebill Campylorhamphus pucherani

Red-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus trochilirostris

Brown-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus pusillus

Curve-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus procurvoides

Typical antbirds

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Thamnophilidae

The antbirds are a large family of small passerine birds of subtropical and tropical Central and South America. They are forest birds, and tend to feed on insects at or near the ground. A sizable minority of them specialize in following columns of army ants to eat the small invertebrates that leave hiding to flee the ants.Many species lack bright colour; brown, black and white being the dominant tones. There are about 212 species worldwide and 107 species which occur in Peru.

Fasciated Antshrike Cymbilaimus lineatus

Bamboo Antshrike Cymbilaimus sanctaemariae

Undulated Antshrike Frederickena unduligera

Great Antshrike Taraba major

Collared Antshrike Sakesphorus bernardi

Black-crested Antshrike Sakesphorus canadensis

Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus

Chapman's Antshrike Thamnophilus zarumae

Chestnut-backed Antshrike Thamnophilus palliatus

Lined Antshrike Thamnophilus tenuepunctatus

Castelnau's Antshrike Thamnophilus cryptoleucus

White-shouldered Antshrike Thamnophilus aethiops

Uniform Antshrike Thamnophilus unicolor

Upland Antshrike Thamnophilus aroyae

Plain-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus schistaceus

Mouse-colored Antshrike Thamnophilus murinus

Western Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus atrinucha (A)

Northern Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus punctatus

Maranon Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus leucogaster (E)

Amazonian Antshrike Thamnophilus amazonicus

Variable Antshrike Thamnophilus caerulescens

Rufous-capped Antshrike Thamnophilus ruficapillus

Spot-winged Antshrike Pygiptila stellaris

Pearly Antshrike Megastictus margaritatus

Black Bushbird Neoctantes niger

Russet Antshrike Thamnistes anabatinus

Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis

White-streaked Antvireo Dysithamnus leucostictus (A)

Saturnine Antshrike Thamnomanes saturninus

Dusky-throated Antshrike Thamnomanes ardesiacus

Cinereous Antshrike Thamnomanes caesius

Bluish-slate Antshrike Thamnomanes schistogynus

Pygmy Antwren Myrmotherula brachyura

Moustached Antwren Myrmotherula ignota

Sclater's Antwren Myrmotherula sclateri

Cherrie's Antwren Myrmotherula cherriei (A)

Amazonian Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata

Stripe-chested Antwren Myrmotherula longicauda

Plain-throated Antwren Myrmotherula hauxwelli

White-eyed Antwren Myrmotherula leucophthalma

Brown-backed Antwren Myrmotherula fjeldsaai

Stipple-throated Antwren Myrmotherula haematonota

Foothill Antwren Myrmotherula spodionota

Ornate Antwren Myrmotherula ornata

Rufous-tailed Antwren Myrmotherula erythrura

White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris

Slaty Antwren Myrmotherula schisticolor

Rio Suno Antwren Myrmotherula sunensis

Long-winged Antwren Myrmotherula longipennis

Ihering's Antwren Myrmotherula iheringi

Gray Antwren Myrmotherula menetriesii

Leaden Antwren Myrmotherula assimilis

Banded Antwren Dichrozona cincta

Ash-throated Antwren Herpsilochmus parkeri (E)

Creamy-bellied Antwren Herpsilochmus motacilloides (E)

Dugand's Antwren Herpsilochmus dugandi

Ancient Antwren Herpsilochmus gentryi

Yellow-breasted Antwren Herpsilochmus axillaris

Rufous-winged Antwren Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus

Dot-winged Antwren Microrhopias quixensis

Rusty-backed Antwren Formicivora rufa

Striated Antbird Drymophila devillei

Long-tailed Antbird Drymophila caudata

Rufous-rumped Antwren Terenura callinota

Chestnut-shouldered Antwren Terenura humeralis

Yellow-rumped Antwren Terenura sharpei

Ash-winged Antwren Terenura spodioptila (A)

Gray Antbird Cercomacra cinerascens

Blackish Antbird Cercomacra nigrescens

Black Antbird Cercomacra serva

Manu Antbird Cercomacra manu

White-backed Fire-eye Pyriglena leuconota

White-browed Antbird Myrmoborus leucophrys

Ash-breasted Antbird Myrmoborus lugubris

Black-faced Antbird Myrmoborus myotherinus

Black-tailed Antbird Myrmoborus melanurus (E)

Warbling Antbird Hypocnemis cantator

Yellow-browed Antbird Hypocnemis hypoxantha

Black-chinned Antbird Hypocnemoides melanopogon

Band-tailed Antbird Hypocnemoides maculicauda

Black-and-white Antbird Myrmochanes hemileucus

Silvered Antbird Sclateria naevia

Black-headed Antbird Percnostola rufifrons

Allpahuayo Antbird Percnostola arenarum (E)

Slate-colored Antbird Percnostola schistacea

Spot-winged Antbird Percnostola leucostigma

White-lined Antbird Percnostola lophotes (E)

Northern Chestnut-tailed Antbird Myrmeciza castanea

Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird Myrmeciza hemimelaena

Plumbeous Antbird Myrmeciza hyperythra

White-shouldered Antbird Myrmeciza melanoceps

Goeldi's Antbird Myrmeciza goeldii

Sooty Antbird Myrmeciza fortis

Gray-headed Antbird Myrmeciza griseiceps

Black-throated Antbird Myrmeciza atrothorax

White-plumed Antbird Pithys albifrons

White-masked Antbird Pithys castanea (E)

Bicolored Antbird Gymnopithys leucaspis

Lunulated Antbird Gymnopithys lunulata (E)

White-throated Antbird Gymnopithys salvini

Wing-banded Antbird Myrmornis torquata

Hairy-crested Antbird Rhegmatorhina melanosticta

Spot-backed Antbird Hylophylax naevia

Dot-backed Antbird Hylophylax punctulata

Scale-backed Antbird Hylophylax poecilinota

Black-spotted Bare-eye Phlegopsis nigromaculata

Reddish-winged Bare-eye Phlegopsis erythroptera

Antthrushes and Antpittas

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Formicariidae

The ground antbirds are a family comprising the antthrushes and antpittas. Antthrushes resemble small rails while antpittas resemble the true pittas with longish strong legs, very short tails and stout bills. There are about 63 species worldwide and 35 species which occur in Peru.

Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma

Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis

Rufous-fronted Antthrush Formicarius rufifrons (E)

Rufous-breasted Antthrush Formicarius rufipectus

Striated Antthrush Chamaeza nobilis

Short-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza campanisona

Barred Antthrush Chamaeza mollissima

Undulated Antpitta Grallaria squamigera

Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia

Scaled Antpitta Grallaria guatimalensis

Plain-backed Antpitta Grallaria haplonota (A)

Ochre-striped Antpitta Grallaria dignissima

Elusive Antpitta Grallaria eludens (E)

Chestnut-crowned Antpitta Grallaria ruficapilla

Watkins's Antpitta Grallaria watkinsi

Stripe-headed Antpitta Grallaria andicola

Chestnut-naped Antpitta Grallaria nuchalis

Pale-billed Antpitta Grallaria carrikeri (E)

White-bellied Antpitta Grallaria hypoleuca

Rusty-tinged Antpitta Grallaria przewalskii (E)

Bay Antpitta Grallaria capitalis (E)

Red-and-white Antpitta Grallaria erythroleuca (E)

White-throated Antpitta Grallaria albigula

Rufous Antpitta Grallaria rufula

Chestnut Antpitta Grallaria blakei (E)

Tawny Antpitta Grallaria quitensis

Spotted Antpitta Hylopezus macularius

White-lored Antpitta Hylopezus fulviventris

Amazonian Antpitta Hylopezus berlepschi

Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona

Ochre-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula flavirostris

Rusty-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula ferrugineipectus

Peruvian Antpitta Grallaricula peruviana (E)

Ochre-fronted Antpitta Grallaricula ochraceifrons (E)

Slate-crowned Antpitta Grallaricula nana


Order: Passeriformes

Family: Conopophagidae

The gnateaters are round, short-tailed, and long-legged birds, which are closely related to the antbirds. There are 8 species worldwide, all found in South America, and 4 species which occur in Peru.

Chestnut-belted Gnateater Conopophaga aurita

Ash-throated Gnateater Conopophaga peruviana

Slaty Gnateater Conopophaga ardesiaca

Chestnut-crowned Gnateater Conopophaga castaneiceps


Order: Passeriformes

Family: Rhinocryptidae

The tapaculos are a group of small suboscine passeriform birds with numerous species, found in South America. They are terrestrial species that fly only poorly on their short wings. They have strong legs, well-suited to their habitat of grassland or forest undergrowth. The tail is cocked and pointed towards the head. There are 56 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in Peru. Peru has the largest number of tapaculos of any country.

Rusty-belted Tapaculo Liosceles thoracicus

Elegant Crescent-chest Melanopareia elegans

Maranon Crescent-chest Melanopareia maranonica

Ash-colored Tapaculo Myornis senilis

Unicolored Tapaculo Scytalopus unicolor (E)

Blackish Tapaculo Scytalopus latrans

Trilling Tapaculo Scytalopus parvirostris

Large-footed Tapaculo Scytalopus macropus (E)

Rufous-vented Tapaculo Scytalopus femoralis (E)

Long-tailed Tapaculo Scytalopus micropterus

Bolivian Tapaculo Scytalopus bolivianus

White-crowned Tapaculo Scytalopus atratus

Puna Tapaculo Scytalopus simonsi

Vilcabamba Tapaculo Scytalopus urubambae (E)

Neblina Tapaculo Scytalopus altirostris (E)

Ancash Tapaculo Scytalopus affinis (E)

Paramo Tapaculo Scytalopus opacus

Matorral Tapaculo Scytalopus griseicollis

Tschudi's Tapaculo Scytalopus acutirostris (E)

Diademed Tapaculo Scytalopus schulenbergi

Chusquea Tapaculo Scytalopus parkeri

Ocellated Tapaculo Acropternis orthonyx


Order: Passeriformes

Family: Cotingidae

The cotingas are birds of forests or forest edges of tropical South America. Comparatively little is known about this diverse group, although all have broad bills with hooked tips, rounded wings, and strong legs. The males of many of the species are brightly coloured, or decorated with plumes or wattles. There are 71 species worldwide and 34 species which occur in Peru

Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus

Peruvian Plantcutter Phytotoma raimondii (E)

Black-necked Red-Cotinga Phoenicircus nigricollis

Shrike-like Cotinga Laniisoma elegans

Red-crested Cotinga Ampelion rubrocristata

Chestnut-crested Cotinga Ampelion rufaxilla

Chestnut-bellied Cotinga Doliornis remseni

Bay-vented Cotinga Doliornis sclateri (E)

White-cheeked Cotinga Zaratornis stresemanni (E)

Green-and-black Fruiteater Pipreola riefferii

Band-tailed Fruiteater Pipreola intermedia

Barred Fruiteater Pipreola arcuata

Black-chested Fruiteater Pipreola lubomirskii

Masked Fruiteater Pipreola pulchra (E)

Fiery-throated Fruiteater Pipreola chlorolepidota

Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater Pipreola frontalis

Scaled Fruiteater Ampelioides tschudii

White-browed Purpletuft Iodopleura isabellae

Gray-tailed Piha Snowornis subalaris

Olivaceous Piha Snowornis cryptolophus

Dusky Piha Lipaugus fuscocinereus

Scimitar-winged Piha Lipaugus uropygialis

Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans

Purple-throated Cotinga Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema

Plum-throated Cotinga Cotinga maynana

Purple-breasted Cotinga Cotinga cotinga (A)

Spangled Cotinga Cotinga cayana

Pompadour Cotinga Xipholena punicea (A)

Black-faced Cotinga Conioptilon mcilhennyi (E)

Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus

Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata

Red-ruffed Fruitcrow Pyroderus scutatus

Amazonian Umbrellabird Cephalopterus ornatus

Andean Cock-of-the-rock Rupicola peruviana


Order: Passeriformes

Family: Pipridae

The manakins are a family bird species of subtropical and tropical mainland Central and South America, and Trinidad and Tobago. They are compact forest birds, the males typically being brightly coloured, although the females of most species are duller and usually green-plumaged. Manakins feed on small fruits, berries and insects. There are 57 species worldwide and 26 species which occur in Peru.

Jet Manakin Chloropipo unicolor

Green Manakin Chloropipo holochlora

White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus

Blue-backed Manakin Chiroxiphia pareola

Yungas Manakin Chiroxiphia boliviana

Band-tailed Manakin Pipra fasciicauda

Wire-tailed Manakin Pipra filicauda

White-crowned Manakin Dixiphia pipra

Blue-crowned Manakin Lepidothrix coronata

Golden-headed Manakin Pipra erythrocephala

Red-headed Manakin Pipra rubrocapilla

Round-tailed Manakin Pipra chloromeros

Blue-rumped Manakin Lepidothrix isidorei

Cerulean-capped Manakin Lepidothrix coeruleocapilla (E)

Golden-winged Manakin Masius chrysopterus

Fiery-capped Manakin Machaeropterus pyrocephalus

Western Striped Manakin Machaeropterus striolatus

Black Manakin Xenopipo atronitens

Orange-crested Manakin Heterocercus aurantiivertex

Flame-crested Manakin Heterocercus linteatus

Saffron-crested Tyrant-Manakin Neopelma chrysocephalum (A)

Sulphur-bellied Tyrant-Manakin Neopelma sulphureiventer

Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni

Wing-barred Piprites Piprites chloris

Greater Schiffornis Schiffornis major

Thrush-like Schiffornis Schiffornis turdinus

Tyrant flycatchers

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Tyrannidae

Tyrant flycatchers are passerine birds which occur throughout North and South America. They superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers, but are more robust with stronger bills. They do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of the songbirds. Most, but not all, have plain colouring. As the name implies, most are insectivorous. There are 429 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas and 259 species which occur in Peru. This is the largest number of tyrant flycatchers contained in any country and indeed is the largest assemblage of a family in any country on earth.

White-lored Tyrannulet Ornithion inerme

Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum

Mouse-colored Tyrannulet Phaeomyias murina

Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola

Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus

Forest Elaenia Myiopagis gaimardii

Foothill Elaenia Myiopagis olallai

Gray Elaenia Myiopagis caniceps

Pacific Elaenia Myiopagis subplacens

Yellow-crowned Elaenia Myiopagis flavivertex

Greenish Elaenia Myiopagis viridicata

Gray-and-white Tyrannulet Pseudelaenia leucospodia

Large Elaenia Elaenia spectabilis

Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster

White-crested Elaenia Elaenia albiceps

Small-billed Elaenia Elaenia parvirostris

Slaty Elaenia Elaenia strepera

Mottle-backed Elaenia Elaenia gigas

Brownish Elaenia Elaenia pelzelni

Plain-crested Elaenia Elaenia cristata

Lesser Elaenia Elaenia chiriquensis

Highland Elaenia Elaenia obscura

Sierran Elaenia Elaenia pallatangae

Torrent Tyrannulet Serpophaga cinerea

River Tyrannulet Serpophaga hypoleuca

Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus

Streak-necked Flycatcher Mionectes striaticollis

Olive-striped Flycatcher Mionectes olivaceus

MacConnell's Flycatcher Mionectes macconnelli

Rufous-breasted Flycatcher Leptopogon rufipectus

Inca Flycatcher Leptopogon taczanowskii (E)

Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus

Slaty-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon superciliaris

Bronze-olive Pygmy-Tyrant Pseudotriccus pelzelni

Hazel-fronted Pygmy-Tyrant Pseudotriccus simplex

Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant Pseudotriccus ruficeps

Variegated Bristle-Tyrant Pogonotriccus poecilotis

Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant Pogonotriccus ophthalmicus

Spectacled Bristle-Tyrant Pogonotriccus orbitalis

Ecuadorian Tyrannulet Phylloscartes gualaquizae

Rufous-lored Tyrannulet Phylloscartes flaviventris

Cinnamon-faced Tyrannulet Phylloscartes parkeri

Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ventralis

Rufous-browed Tyrannulet Phylloscartes superciliaris (A)

Rough-legged Tyrannulet Phyllomyias burmeisteri

Sclater's Tyrannulet Phyllomyias sclateri

Sooty-headed Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseiceps

Plumbeous-crowned Tyrannulet Phyllomyias plumbeiceps

Black-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias nigrocapillus

Ashy-headed Tyrannulet Phyllomyias cinereiceps

Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias uropygialis

Bolivian Tyrannulet Zimmerius bolivianus

Red-billed Tyrannulet Zimmerius cinereicapillus

Mishana Tyrannulet Zimmerius villarejoi (E)

Slender-footed Tyrannulet Zimmerius gracilipes

Peruvian Tyrannulet Zimmerius viridiflavus (E)

Golden-faced Tyrannulet Zimmerius chrysops

Amazonian Scrub-Flycatcher Sublegatus obscurior

Southern Scrub-Flycatcher Sublegatus modestus

White-throated Tyrannulet Mecocerculus leucophrys

White-tailed Tyrannulet Mecocerculus poecilocercus

Buff-banded Tyrannulet Mecocerculus hellmayri

Rufous-winged Tyrannulet Mecocerculus calopterus

Sulphur-bellied Tyrannulet Mecocerculus minor

White-banded Tyrannulet Mecocerculus stictopterus

Plain Tyrannulet Inezia inornata

Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant Stigmatura napensis

Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant Anairetes agraphia (E)

Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant Anairetes alpinus

Black-crested Tit-Tyrant Anairetes nigrocristatus

Pied-crested Tit-Tyrant Anairetes reguloides

Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant Anairetes flavirostris

Tufted Tit-Tyrant Anairetes parulus

Many-colored Rush-Tyrant Tachuris rubrigastra

Subtropical Doradito Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis

Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant Euscarthmus meloryphus

White-bellied Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis albiventris

Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis ecaudatus

Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus pileatus

Double-banded Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus vitiosus

Long-crested Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus eulophotes

Helmeted Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus galeatus (A)

Rufous-crowned Tody-Tyrant Poecilotriccus ruficeps

Lulu's Tody-Tyrant Poecilotriccus luluae (E)

White-cheeked Tody-Tyrant Poecilotriccus albifacies (E)

Black-and-white Tody-Tyrant Poecilotriccus capitalis

Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps

Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus latirostris

Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus pulchellus (E)

Snethlage's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus minor

Flammulated Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus flammulatus

White-eyed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus zosterops

White-bellied Tody Tyrant Hemitriccus griseipectus

Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus minimus

Johannes's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus iohannis

Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus striaticollis

Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer

Black-throated Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus granadensis

Buff-throated Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus rufigularis

Cinnamon-breasted Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus cinnamomeipectus

Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum

Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum

Golden-winged Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus calopterus

Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum

Ringed Antpipit Corythopis torquata

Brownish Flycatcher Cnipodectes subbrunneus

Large-headed Flatbill Ramphotrigon megacephala

Dusky-tailed Flatbill Ramphotrigon fuscicauda

Rufous-tailed Flatbill Ramphotrigon ruficauda

Olivaceous Flatbill Rhynchocyclus olivaceus

Fulvous-breasted Flatbill Rhynchocyclus fulvipectus

Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens

Yellow-margined Flycatcher Tolmomyias assimilis

Gray-crowned Flycatcher Tolmomyias poliocephalus

Orange-eyed Flycatcher Tolmomyias traylori

Yellow-breasted Flycatcher Tolmomyias flaviventris

Cinnamon-crested Spadebill Platyrinchus saturatus

Yellow-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus flavigularis

Golden-crowned Spadebill Platyrinchus coronatus

White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus

White-crested Spadebill Platyrinchus platyrhynchos

Amazonian Royal-Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus

Pacific Royal-Flycatcher Onychorhynchus occidentalis

Ornate Flycatcher Myiotriccus ornatus

Flavescent Flycatcher Myiophobus flavicans

Orange-crested Flycatcher Myiophobus phoenicomitra

Roraiman Flycatcher Myiophobus roraimae

Unadorned Flycatcher Myiophobus inornatus

Handsome Flycatcher Myiophobus pulcher

Orange-banded Flycatcher Myiophobus lintoni

Ochraceous-breasted Flycatcher Myiophobus ochraceiventris

Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus

Olive-chested Flycatcher Myiophobus cryptoxanthus

Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher Terenotriccus erythrurus

Tawny-breasted Flycatcher Myiobius villosus

Whiskered Flycatcher Myiobius barbatus

Black-tailed Flycatcher Myiobius atricaudus

Cinnamon Tyrant Neopipo cinnamomea

Cinnamon Flycatcher Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea

Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea

Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus

Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri

Gray-breasted Flycatcher Lathrotriccus griseipectus

Olive Flycatcher Mitrephanes olivaceus

Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi

Smoke-colored Pewee Contopus fumigatus

Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus

Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens

Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus

Blackish Pewee Contopus nigrescens

Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum

Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii

Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans

Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus

Crowned Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca frontalis

Peruvian Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca spodionota (E)

Jelski's Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca jelskii

Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca diadema

Golden-browed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca pulchella

Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris

Maroon-chested Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca thoracica

Piura Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca piurae (E)

D'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca oenanthoides

Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca rufipectoralis

Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca fumicolor

White-browed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca leucophrys

Tumbes Tyrant Tumbezia salvini (E)

Drab Water-Tyrant Ochthornis littoralis

Red-rumped Bush-Tyrant Cnemarchus erythropygius

Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes striaticollis

Smoky Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes fumigatus

Rufous-bellied Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes fuscorufus

Gray Monjita Xolmis cinerea

Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis montana

White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis andicola

Gray-bellied Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis microptera

Rufous-webbed Tyrant Polioxolmis rufipennis

Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola maculirostris

Little Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola fluviatilis

Dark-faced Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola maclovianus

Cinnamon-bellied Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola capistratus

Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola rufivertex

Puna Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola juninensis

White-browed Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola albilora

Plain-capped Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola alpinus

Taczanowski's Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola griseus

Cinereous Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola cinereus

White-fronted Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola albifrons

Ochre-naped Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola flavinucha

Black-fronted Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola frontalis

Short-tailed Field-Tyrant Muscigralla brevicauda

Andean Negrito Lessonia oreas

Austral Negrito Lessonia rufa

Hudson's Black-Tyrant Knipolegus hudsoni (A)

Amazonian Black-Tyrant Knipolegus poecilocercus

Andean Tyrant Knipolegus signatus

Rufous-tailed Tyrant Knipolegus poecilurus

Riverside Tyrant Knipolegus orenocensis

White-winged Black-Tyrant Knipolegus aterrimus

Spectacled Tyrant Hymenops perspicillatus

Black-backed Water-Tyrant Fluvicola albiventer

Masked Water-Tyrant Fluvicola nengeta

White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala

Yellow-browed Tyrant Satrapa icterophrys

Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus

Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus

Ochraceous Attila Attila torridus

Citron-bellied Attila Attila citriniventris

Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus

Dull-capped Attila Attila bolivianus

Cinereous Mourner Laniocera hypopyrra

Rufous Casiornis Casiornis rufa

Sirystes Sirystes sibilator

Grayish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex

Rufous Flycatcher Myiarchus semirufus (E)

Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer

Swainson's Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni

Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox

Pale-edged Flycatcher Myiarchus cephalotes

Sooty-crowned Flycatcher Myiarchus phaeocephalus

Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus (A)

Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus

Lesser Kiskadee Philohydor lictor

Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus

Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua

Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayanensis

Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis

Gray-capped Flycatcher Myiozetetes granadensis

Dusky-chested Flycatcher Myiozetetes luteiventris

Three-striped Flycatcher Conopias trivirgata

Yellow-throated Flycatcher Conopias parva

Lemon-browed Flycatcher Conopias cinchoneti

Golden-crowned Flycatcher Myiodynastes chrysocephalus

Baird's Flycatcher Myiodynastes bairdii

Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes luteiventris

Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius

Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius

Crowned Slaty Flycatcher Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus

Sulphury Flycatcher Tyrannopsis sulphurea

Snowy-throated Kingbird Tyrannus niveigularis

White-throated Kingbird Tyrannus albogularis

Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus

Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus

Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana

Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus

Yellow-cheeked Becard Pachyramphus xanthogenys

Barred Becard Pachyramphus versicolor

White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus

Black-and-white Becard Pachyramphus albogriseus

Black-capped Becard Pachyramphus marginatus

Cinereous Becard Pachyramphus rufus

Slaty Becard Pachyramphus spodiurus

Pink-throated Becard Pachyramphus minor

One-colored Becard Pachyramphus homochrous

Crested Becard Pachyramphus validus

Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana

Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata

Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor

Swallows and Martins

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 23 species which occur in Peru.

Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera

Purple Martin Progne subis

Caribbean Martin Progne dominicensis (A)

Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea

Southern Martin Progne elegans

Peruvian Martin Progne murphyi

Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor (A)

Tumbes Swallow Tachycineta stolzmanni (E)

White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer

White-rumped Swallow Tachycineta leucorrhoa

Chilean Swallow Tachycineta meyeni (A)

Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca

Brown-bellied Swallow Notiochelidon murina

Pale-footed Swallow Notiochelidon flavipes

White-banded Swallow Atticora fasciata

White-thighed Swallow Neochelidon tibialis

Andean Swallow Haplochelidon andecola

Tawny-headed Swallow Alopochelidon fucata

Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

Bank Swallow Riparia riparia

Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Chestnut-collared Swallow Petrochelidon rufocollaris

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica

Wagtails and Pipits

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Peru.

Correndera Pipit Anthus correndera

Short-billed Pipit Anthus furcatus

Hellmayr's Pipit Anthus hellmayri

Paramo Pipit Anthus bogotensis

Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens


Order: Passeriformes

Family: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements. There are 5 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

White-capped Dipper Cinclus leucocephalus


Order: Passeriformes

Family: Troglodytidae

The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 80 species worldwide (of which all but one are New World species) and 26 species which occur in Peru.

Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapilla

Thrush-like Wren Campylorhynchus turdinus

Fasciated Wren Campylorhynchus fasciatus

Gray-mantled Wren Odontorchilus branickii

Rufous Wren Cinnycerthia unirufa

Sharpe's Wren Cinnycerthia olivascens

Peruvian Wren Cinnycerthia peruana (E)

Fulvous Wren Cinnycerthia fulva

Inca Wren Thryothorus eisenmanni (E)

Plain-tailed Wren Thryothorus euophrys

Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis

Coraya Wren Thryothorus coraya

Speckle-breasted Wren Thryothorus sclateri

Buff-breasted Wren Thryothorus leucotis

Superciliated Wren Thryothorus superciliaris

Gray Wren Thryothorus griseus

House Wren Troglodytes aedon

Mountain Wren Troglodytes solstitialis

Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis

White-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucosticta

Gray-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucophrys

Bar-winged Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucoptera (E)

Scaly-breasted Wren Microcerculus marginatus

Wing-banded Wren Microcerculus bambla

Chestnut-breasted Wren Cyphorhinus thoracicus

Musician Wren Cyphorhinus aradus

Mockingbirds and Thrashers

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Mimidae

The mimids are a family of passerine birds that includes thrashers, mockingbirds, tremblers, and the New World catbirds. These birds are notable for their vocalizations, especially their ability to mimic a wide variety of birds and other sounds heard outdoors. Their colouring tends towards dull greys and browns . There are 35 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

Long-tailed Mockingbird Mimus longicaudatus

Thrushes and allies

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 24 species which occur in Peru.

Andean Solitaire Myadestes ralloides

Rufous-brown Solitaire Cichlopsis leucogenys

White-eared Solitaire Entomodestes leucotis

Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus fuscater

Spotted Nightingale-Thrush Catharus dryas

Veery Catharus fuscescens (A)

Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus

Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus

Pale-eyed Thrush Platycichla leucops

Chiguanco Thrush Turdus chiguanco

Great Thrush Turdus fuscater

Glossy-black Thrush Turdus serranus

Andean Slaty-Thrush Turdus nigriceps

Plumbeous-backed Thrush Turdus reevei

Maranon Thrush Turdus maranonicus (E)

Chestnut-bellied Thrush Turdus fulviventris

Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas

Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus

Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis

Lawrence's Thrush Turdus lawrencii

Pale-vented Thrush Turdus obsoletus (A)

Hauxwell's Thrush Turdus hauxwelli

Ecuadorian Thrush Turdus maculirostris

White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis


Order: Passeriformes

Family: Polioptilidae

These dainty birds resemble Old World warblers in their build and habits, moving restlessly through the foliage seeking insects. The gnatcatchers and gnatwrens are mainly soft bluish grey in colour, and have the typical insectivore's long sharp bill. They are birds of fairly open woodland or scrub, and nest in bushes or trees. There are 15 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Peru.

Collared Gnatwren Microbates collaris

Tawny-faced Gnatwren Microbates cinereiventris

Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus

Iquitos Gnatcatcher Polioptila clementsi (E)

Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea

Crows, Jays, Ravens and Magpies

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Corvidae

The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show high levels of learning behavior. There are 120 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Peru.

Green Jay Cyanocorax yncas

Purplish Jay Cyanocorax cyanomelas

Violaceous Jay Cyanocorax violaceus

White-tailed Jay Cyanocorax mystacalis

Turquoise Jay Cyanolyca turcosa

White-collared Jay Cyanolyca viridicyana

Beautiful Jay Cyanolyca pulchra


Order: Passeriformes

Family: Vireonidae

The vireos are a group of small to medium sized passerine birds restricted to the New World. They are typically greenish in colour and resemble wood warblers apart from their heavier bills. There are 52 species worldwide and 14 species which occur in Peru.

Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys

Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus

Yellow-green Vireo Vireo flavoviridis

Lemon-chested Greenlet Hylophilus thoracicus

Gray-chested Greenlet Hylophilus semicinereus (A)

Ashy-headed Greenlet Hylophilus pectoralis (A)

Dusky-capped Greenlet Hylophilus hypoxanthus

Rufous-naped Greenlet Hylophilus semibrunneus (A)

Olivaceous Greenlet Hylophilus olivaceus

Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus ochraceiceps

Lesser Greenlet Hylophilus decurtatus

Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius leucotis

Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis

Black-billed Peppershrike Cyclarhis nigrirostris (A)

New World warblers

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Parulidae

The New World warblers are a group of small, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World. Most are arboreal, but some are terrestrial. Most members of this family are insectivores. There are 119 species worldwide and 25 species which occur in Peru.

Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera (A)

Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi

Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia

Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca

Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata

Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea

Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia

American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla

Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis

Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis

Masked Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis

Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis

Slate-throated Redstart Myioborus miniatus

Spectacled Redstart Myioborus melanocephalus

Gray-and-gold Warbler Basileuterus fraseri

Two-banded Warbler Basileuterus bivittatus

Golden-bellied Warbler Basileuterus chrysogaster (E)

Pale-legged Warbler Basileuterus signatus

Citrine Warbler Basileuterus luteoviridis

Black-crested Warbler Basileuterus nigrocristatus

Russet-crowned Warbler Basileuterus coronatus

Three-banded Warbler Basileuterus trifasciatus

Three-striped Warbler Basileuterus tristriatus

Buff-rumped Warbler Basileuterus fulvicauda

Neotropical River Warbler Basileuterus rivularis


Order: Passeriformes

Family: Coerebidae

The Bananaquit is a small passerine bird. It has a slender, curved bill, adapted to taking nectar from flowers and is the only member of the genus Coereba and is normally placed within the family Coerebidae, although there is uncertainty whether that placement is correct.

Bananaquit Coereba flaveola


Order: Passeriformes

Family: Thraupidae

The tanagers are a large group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World, mainly in the tropics. Many species are brightly coloured. They are seed eaters, but their preference tends towards fruit and nectar. Most have short, rounded wings. There are 256 species worldwide and 135 species which occur in Peru.

Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum

Bicolored Conebill Conirostrum bicolor

Pearly-breasted Conebill Conirostrum margaritae

Cinereous Conebill Conirostrum cinereum

Tamarugo Conebill Conirostrum tamarugense

White-browed Conebill Conirostrum ferrugineiventre

Blue-backed Conebill Conirostrum sitticolor

Capped Conebill Conirostrum albifrons

Giant Conebill Oreomanes fraseri

Black-faced Tanager Schistochlamys melanopis

Black-and-white Tanager Conothraupis speculigera

Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana

Red-billed Pied Tanager Lamprospiza melanoleuca

Grass-green Tanager Chlorornis riefferii

White-capped Tanager Sericossypha albocristata

Common Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus ophthalmicus

Short-billed Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus parvirostris

Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus flavigularis

Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus canigularis

Gray-hooded Bush-Tanager Cnemoscopus rubrirostris

Black-capped Hemispingus Hemispingus atropileus

Orange-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus calophrys

Parodi's Hemispingus Hemispingus parodii (E)

Superciliaried Hemispingus Hemispingus superciliaris

Oleaginous Hemispingus Hemispingus frontalis

Black-eared Hemispingus Hemispingus melanotis

Rufous-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus rufosuperciliaris (E)

Black-headed Hemispingus Hemispingus verticalis

Drab Hemispingus Hemispingus xanthophthalmus

Three-striped Hemispingus Hemispingus trifasciatus

Rufous-chested Tanager Thlypopsis ornata

Brown-flanked Tanager Thlypopsis pectoralis (E)

Orange-headed Tanager Thlypopsis sordida

Buff-bellied Tanager Thlypopsis inornata (E)

Rust-and-yellow Tanager Thlypopsis ruficeps

Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira

Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis

Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata

Olive Tanager Chlorothraupis carmioli

Gray-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata

Fulvous Shrike-Tanager Lanio fulvus

White-winged Shrike-Tanager Lanio versicolor

Rufous-crested Tanager Creurgops verticalis

Slaty Tanager Creurgops dentata

Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus

Yellow-crested Tanager Tachyphonus rufiventer

Fulvous-crested Tanager Tachyphonus surinamus

White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus

White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus

Red-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus phoenicius

Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops

Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica

Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava

Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea

Summer Tanager Piranga rubra

White-winged Tanager Piranga leucoptera

Red-hooded Tanager Piranga rubriceps

Vermilion Tanager Calochaetes coccineus

Masked Crimson Tanager Ramphocelus nigrogularis

Huallaga Tanager Ramphocelus melanogaster (E)

Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo

Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus

Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca

Blue-capped Tanager Thraupis cyanocephala

Blue-and-yellow Tanager Thraupis bonariensis

Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum

Hooded Mountain-Tanager Buthraupis montana

Black-chested Mountain-Tanager Buthraupis eximia

Golden-backed Mountain-Tanager Buthraupis aureodorsalis (E)

Masked Mountain-Tanager Buthraupis wetmorei

Orange-throated Tanager Wetmorethraupis sterrhopteron (E)

Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus lacrymosus

Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus igniventris

Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus somptuosus

Yellow-throated Tanager Iridosornis analis

Golden-collared Tanager Iridosornis jelskii

Golden-crowned Tanager Iridosornis rufivertex

Yellow-scarfed Tanager Iridosornis reinhardti (E)

Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager Dubusia taeniata

Chestnut-bellied Mountain-Tanager Delothraupis castaneoventris

Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota

Plumbeous Euphonia Euphonia plumbea

Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica

Orange-crowned Euphonia Euphonia saturata

Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris

Golden-rumped Euphonia Euphonia cyanocephala

Bronze-green Euphonia Euphonia mesochrysa

White-lored Euphonia Euphonia chrysopasta

White-vented Euphonia Euphonia minuta

Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster

Rufous-bellied Euphonia Euphonia rufiventris

Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea

Chestnut-breasted Chlorophonia Chlorophonia pyrrhophrys

Orange-eared Tanager Chlorochrysa calliparaea

Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana

Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis

Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii

Golden Tanager Tangara arthus

Golden-eared Tanager Tangara chrysotis

Saffron-crowned Tanager Tangara xanthocephala

Flame-faced Tanager Tangara parzudakii

Yellow-bellied Tanager Tangara xanthogastra

Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata

Dotted Tanager Tangara varia (A)

Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola

Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana

Green-capped Tanager Tangara meyerdeschauenseei (E)

Golden-naped Tanager Tangara ruficervix

Metallic-green Tanager Tangara labradorides

Blue-browed Tanager Tangara cyanotis

Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis

Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta

Beryl-spangled Tanager Tangara nigroviridis

Blue-and-black Tanager Tangara vassorii

Black-capped Tanager Tangara heinei

Sira Tanager Tangara phillipsi (E)

Silver-backed Tanager Tangara viridicollis

Straw-backed Tanager Tangara argyrofenges

Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara velia

Opal-crowned Tanager Tangara callophrys

Golden-collared Honeycreeper Iridophanes pulcherrima

White-bellied Dacnis Dacnis albiventris

Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata

Yellow-bellied Dacnis Dacnis flaviventer

Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana

Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza

Short-billed Honeycreeper Cyanerpes nitidus

Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus

Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus

Tit-like Dacnis Xenodacnis parina

Swallow-Tanager Tersina viridis

Plush-capped Finch Catamblyrhynchus diadema

Pardusco Nephelornis oneilli (E)

White-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus auricularis (E)

Piura Hemispingus Hemispingus piurae

Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters and allies

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 99 species which occur in Peru. Peru has the greatest diversity of emberizids of any country on earth.

Black-masked Finch Coryphaspiza melanotis

Red-crested Finch Coryphospingus cucullatus

Crimson-breasted Finch Rhodospingus cruentus

Black-hooded Sierra-Finch Phrygilus atriceps

Peruvian Sierra-Finch Phrygilus punensis

Mourning Sierra-Finch Phrygilus fruticeti

Plumbeous Sierra-Finch Phrygilus unicolor

Red-backed Sierra-Finch Phrygilus dorsalis

White-throated Sierra-Finch Phrygilus erythronotus

Band-tailed Sierra-Finch Phrygilus alaudinus

Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch Phrygilus plebejus

White-winged Diuca-Finch Diuca speculifera

Short-tailed Finch Idiopsar brachyurus

Cinereous Finch Piezorhina cinerea (E)

Slender-billed Finch Xenospingus concolor

Great Inca-Finch Incaspiza pulchra (E)

Rufous-backed Inca-Finch Incaspiza personata (E)

Gray-winged Inca-Finch Incaspiza ortizi (E)

Buff-bridled Inca-Finch Incaspiza laeta (E)

Little Inca-Finch Incaspiza watkinsi (E)

Plain-tailed Warbling-Finch Poospiza alticola (E)

Rufous-breasted Warbling-Finch Poospiza rubecula (E)

Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Finch Poospiza caesar (E)

Collared Warbling-Finch Poospiza hispaniolensis

Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina

Slate-colored Seedeater Sporophila schistacea

Plumbeous Seedeater Sporophila plumbea

Caqueta Seedeater Sporophila murallae

Wing-barred Seedeater Sporophila americana

Variable Seedeater Sporophila corvina

Lesson's Seedeater Sporophila bouvronides

Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineola

Black-and-white Seedeater Sporophila luctuosa

Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis

Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens

Drab Seedeater Sporophila simplex

White-bellied Seedeater Sporophila leucoptera

Parrot-billed Seedeater Sporophila peruviana

Tawny-bellied Seedeater Sporophila hypoxantha (A)

Dark-throated Seedeater Sporophila ruficollis (A)

Chestnut-bellied Seedeater Sporophila castaneiventris

Chestnut-throated Seedeater Sporophila telasco

Large-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus crassirostris

Black-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus atrirostris

Great-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus maximiliani

Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch Oryzoborus angolensis

Blue Seedeater Amaurospiza concolor (A)

Band-tailed Seedeater Catamenia analis

Plain-colored Seedeater Catamenia inornata

Paramo Seedeater Catamenia homochroa

Dull-colored Grassquit Tiaris obscura

Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivacea

Slaty Finch Haplospiza rustica

Rusty Flower-piercer Diglossa sittoides

White-sided Flower-piercer Diglossa albilatera

Glossy Flower-piercer Diglossa lafresnayii

Moustached Flower-piercer Diglossa mystacalis

Black Flower-piercer Diglossa humeralis

Black-throated Flower-piercer Diglossa brunneiventris

Deep-blue Flower-piercer Diglossopis glauca

Bluish Flower-piercer Diglossopis caerulescens

Masked Flower-piercer Diglossopis cyanea

Puna Yellow-Finch Sicalis lutea

Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola

Grassland Yellow-Finch Sicalis luteola

Stripe-tailed Yellow-Finch Sicalis citrina

Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch Sicalis uropygialis

Greenish Yellow-Finch Sicalis olivascens

Orange-fronted Yellow-Finch Sicalis columbiana

Raimondi's Yellow-Finch Sicalis raimondii (E)

Sulphur-throated Finch Sicalis taczanowskii

Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch Emberizoides herbicola

Red-capped Cardinal Paroaria gularis

Olive Finch Lysurus castaneiceps

Pale-naped Brush-Finch Atlapetes pallidinucha

Yellow-breasted Brush-Finch Atlapetes latinuchus

Vilcabamba Brush-Finch Atlapetes terborghi (E)

Black-faced Brush-Finch Atlapetes melanolaimus (E)

Slaty Brush-Finch Atlapetes schistaceus

Cusco Brush-Finch Atlapetes canigenis (E)

Tricolored Brush-Finch Atlapetes tricolor

Bay-crowned Brush-Finch Atlapetes seebohmi

Rusty-bellied Brush-Finch Atlapetes nationi (E)

White-winged Brush-Finch Atlapetes leucopterus

White-headed Brush-Finch Atlapetes albiceps

Rufous-eared Brush-Finch Atlapetes rufigenis (E)

Apurimac Brush-Finch Atlapetes forbesi (E)

Black-spectacled Brush-Finch Atlapetes melanopsis (E)

Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch Buarremon brunneinucha

Stripe-headed Brush-Finch Buarremon torquatus

Orange-billed Sparrow Arremon aurantiirostris

Pectoral Sparrow Arremon taciturnus

Black-capped Sparrow Arremon abeillei

Saffron-billed Sparrow Arremon flavirostris

Black-striped Sparrow Arremonops conirostris

Tumbes Sparrow Aimophila stolzmanni

Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis

Yellow-browed Sparrow Ammodramus aurifrons

Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis

Saltators, Cardinals and allies

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Cardinalidae

The cardinals are a family of passerine birds that are robust, seed-eating birds, with strong bills. They are typically associated with open woodland. The sexes usually have distinct plumages. There are 43 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Peru.

Streaked Saltator Saltator striatipectus

Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens

Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus

Slate-colored Grosbeak Saltator grossus

Black-cowled Saltator Saltator nigriceps

Golden-billed Saltator Saltator aurantiirostris

Masked Saltator Saltator cinctus

Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak Parkerthraustes humeralis

Golden-bellied Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysogaster

Black-backed Grosbeak Pheucticus aureoventris

Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus (A)

Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cyanoides

Troupials and allies

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Icteridae

The icterids are a group of small to medium, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World and include the grackles, New World blackbirds, and New World orioles. Most species have black as the predominant plumage colour, often enlivened by yellow, orange or red. There are 98 species worldwide and 35 species which occur in Peru.

Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Yellow-winged Blackbird Agelasticus thilius

Pale-eyed Blackbird Agelasticus xanthophthalmus

Yellow-hooded Blackbird Chrysomus icterocephalus

Red-breasted Blackbird Sturnella militaris

White-browed Blackbird Sturnella superciliaris

Peruvian Meadowlark Sturnella bellicosa

Scrub Blackbird Dives warszewiczi

Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus

Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis

Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus

Moriche Oriole Icterus chrysocephalus

Epaulet Oriole Icterus cayanensis

Yellow-tailed Oriole Icterus mesomelas

White-edged Oriole Icterus graceannae

Venezuelan Troupial Icterus icterus

Yellow-billed Cacique Amblycercus holosericeus

Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela

Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous

Scarlet-rumped Cacique Cacicus uropygialis

Selva Cacique Cacicus koepckeae (E)

Mountain Cacique Cacicus chrysonotus

Ecuadorian Cacique Cacicus sclateri

Solitary Cacique Cacicus solitarius

Casqued Oropendola Psarocolius oseryi

Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus

Green Oropendola Psarocolius viridis

Dusky-green Oropendola Psarocolius atrovirens

Russet-backed Oropendola Psarocolius angustifrons

Band-tailed Oropendola Ocyalus latirostris

Amazonian Oropendola Gymnostinops bifasciatus

Oriole Blackbird Gymnomystax mexicanus

Chopi Blackbird Gnorimopsar chopi

Velvet-fronted Grackle Lampropsar tanagrinus

Orange-backed Troupial Icterus croconotus

Siskins, Crossbills and allies

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Peru.

Thick-billed Siskin Carduelis crassirostris

Hooded Siskin Carduelis magellanica

Yellow-bellied Siskin Carduelis xanthogastra

Saffron Siskin Carduelis siemiradzkii

Olivaceous Siskin Carduelis olivacea

Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

Black Siskin Carduelis atrata

Yellow-rumped Siskin Carduelis uropygialis


Order: Passeriformes

Family: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

House Sparrow Passer domesticus (I)

See also

List of birds

Lists of birds by region

External links

Birds of Peru Birdlist, multi-lingual website by country with standardized codes for abundance and seasonal presence.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article List of birds of Peru

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