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Jose de Armendariz

Jose de Armendariz y Perurena, 1st Marquis of Castelfuerte (sometimes marques de Castel-Fuerte) was a Spanish soldier and colonial administrator. From May 14, 1724 to February 4, 1736 he was viceroy of Peru.

During this time the Comunero Revolt broke out in Paraguay. The governor of Paraguay, Diego de los Reyes Balmaceda, was an unpopular supporter of the Jesuits. A predecessor of Viceroy Armendariz, Carmine Nicolao Caracciolo, sent an inspector there in 1721 to look into the matter. The inspector was Jose de Antequera y Castro. Antequera, however, gained the support of the comuneros, challenged royal authority, imprisoned Reyes Balmaceda and expelled the Jesuits. (The Jesuits were unpopular because they sheltered many Indians from forced labor.) Antequera defeated a royalist force from Buenos Aires under Garcia Ros.

In 1724, Armendariz, now the viceroy in Lima, ordered Buenos Aires governor Bruno Mauricio de Zabala to suppress the rebellion and send Antequera to Lima for trial. Antequera's followers deserted him, and he was forced to flee to a convent in Cordoba in March 1725. He was arrested at Chuquisaca in Charcas, and taken to Lima. He was eventually brought to trial, and in 1731 he was beheaded. However another revolt broke out in Paraguay in 1730, under Fernando Mompo de Zayas. Mompo asserted the sovereignty of the people over the king.

Related websites



Short biography

About the insurrection in Paraguay

His administration

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Jose de Armendariz

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