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Garcia Sarmiento de Sotomayor, 2nd conde de Salvatierra


Garcia Sarmiento de Sotomayor, 2nd Count of Salvatierra and Marquis of Sobroso was a Spanish viceroy of New Spain and of Peru (1648 to 1655).

The viceroy sent another expedition (1648) to explore, conquer and colonize the Californias, but the expedition returned without having found lands of much interest. Viceroy Sarmiento also founded the city of Salvatierra, Guanajuato, and established the presidio of Cerro Gordo, on the highway from Mexico City to the mines at Parral. He made peace with various Indian tribes on the northern frontier, and suppressed rebellions by other tribes. He celebrated auto-de-fes in 1647 and 1648. The celebrated Mexican trickster Martin Garatuza was one of those punished in 1648.

"Sarmiento de Sotomayor, Garcia," Enciclopedia de Mexico, v. 12. Mexico City, 1988.
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