Francisco Gil de Taboada
Francisco Gil de Taboada y Lemos (in full Francisco Gil de Taboada y de Lemos y Villa Marin) was a Spanish naval officer and colonial administrator in America. He was briefly viceroy of New Granada in 1789, and from March 25, 1790 to June 6, 1796 he was viceroy of Peru. [*] After his viceregal service he returned to Spain, where he became a member of the governing junta after King Ferdinand VII was forced to abdicate by Napoleon. He was director general of the Spanish Royal Navy.
Francisco Gil de Taboada y Lemos was born in 1736 (some sources say 1733 or 1737) in Galicia, Spain.
In addition to being a career naval officer who had fought in Algeria, Normandy, Gibraltar and Sicily, Gil de Taboada was also a man of letters. In Peru, he was distinguished by his support for the arts, as well as science and exploration. He supported the foundation of the newspaper El Mercurio Peruano in 1791 and founded the Academy of Fine Arts. At the same time he fought the spread of French revolutionary ideas and prohibited the circulation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man. He founded an anatomy center and a hospital, supported the navigation school and ordered the first census of the population. He reincorporated the region of Puna into the Viceroyalty of Peru.
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