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El Fronton

El Fronton is an island off of the coast of Callao, Peru.

For much of El Fronton's history, the island was used as a prison. Fernando Belaunde Terry, who was twice president of Peru, was imprisoned on the island as a political prisoner. During his imprisonment, Belaunde Terry made an unsuccessful attempt to swim to freedom. Hugo Blanco was also imprisoned on the island.

During the insurgency of the Shining Path, the island was used as a prison for Maoist militants. On June 18, 1986, the Shining Path led an uprising on El Fronton as well as two other prisons. The government of Alan Garcia treated the prisons as war zones, and the Peruvian Navy was sent to the island. Many of the prisoners involved in the rebellion were killed, and Human Rights Watch claimed that evidence suggested that "no fewer than ninety" of the prisoners killed were victims of extrajudicial executions.

The behavior of the peruvian Government during the uprising in the prison lead to a decision of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article El Fronton

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