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Battle of Ingavi


The Battle of Ingavi occurred on November 18, in the 1841 in the town of Ingavi, Bolivia. There the Bolivian Army commanded by Jose Ballivian met an invading Peruvian Army commanded by Agustin Gamarra who would later die during the battle.

This battle forms parts of the Peru-Bolivian War of 1841 and 1842.

History

With the dissolution of the Peru-Bolivian Confederation, the President of Peru, Agustin Gamarra, made the controversial decision to invade Bolivia, utilizing the political chaos occurring in the Bolivian government as an excuse. Gamarra, from the beginning, supported a union between Peru and Bolivia, but preferred it to be completely dominated by the Peruvian government, rather than to form a confederation between the two nations.

The battle

Immediatelty, Jose Ballivian assumed power in the chaotic state of Bolivia, and proclaimed himself President. During this period there were three different governments attempting to rule Bolivia; a legitimate government headquartered in Chuquisaca headed by Jose Mariano Serrano, another headquartered in Cochabamba headed by Jose Miguel de Velasco, and that of Ballivian headquartered in La Paz.

Faced with the danger of a Peruvian invasion, the three governments joined under Ballivian and readied their armies, which in Ingavi, repelled the Peruvians.

Result

On November 18, 1841, with Agustin Gamarra being dead, the Peruvian Army left Bolivia. The news generated chaos in Lima, where the vice-president, Manuel Menendez struggled to maintain his authority. He was soon deposed, with Juan Crisostomo Torrico assuming power, allowing order to return to the country. This would be the last attempt of Peru to try to assume control of Bolivia.

External links

Estados Unidos y el mar boliviano

La Batalla de Ingavi

Elecciones Peru 2001 - La Confederacion Peruano-Boliviana

Iniciacion de la Republica Peruana

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Battle of Ingavi


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