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Demetrio Aguilera Malta


Demetrio Aguilera Malta was an Ecuadorian writer, director, painter, and diplomat. His literary work was based on social reality.

Aguilera Malta was born on May 24, 1909 in Guayaquil, Ecuador. He was the son of Demetrio Aguilera Sanchez and Teresa Malta y Franco, who named him Raul Demetrio. During his youth, he stopped using Raul on the advice of Joaquin Gallegos Lara. His father was a businessman who owned factories and farms. His maternal great-grandfather, Juan Jose de Malta y Salcedo, was a playwright, and the young Aguilera Malta discovered his works in the library he inherited from his grandfather. Aguilera Malta spent much of his childhood on his family's farm on an island in the Gulf of Guayaquil. He was home-schooled by his mother and tutors. He went to high school at Vicente Rocafuerte School, from which he graduated in 1929. Jose de la Cuadra was his literature teacher. At the beginning of his college education, he studied law in Guayaquil, but he quit these studies in 1931. Later, he studied literature on a Ministry of Education scholarship in Ecuador and in Madrid, just before the start of the Spanish Civil War.

Among other posts, Aguilera Malta was Undersecretary of Education and ''charge d'affaires in the Ecuadorian Embassy in Chile in 1947 under the government of Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola. Later, he was Cultural Attache in Brazil in 1949 and Ambassador of Ecuador to Mexico from August 1979 until his death in 1982.

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