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Wayuu is an Amerindian ethnic group of the La Guajira Peninsula in northern Colombia and northwest Venezuela. They are part of the Maipurean (Arawak) linguistic family.

The Wayuu inhabit the arid La Guajira Peninsula straddling the Venezuela-Colombia border, on the Caribbean Sea coast. Two major rivers flow through this mostly harsh environment; the Rancheria River in Colombia and the El Limon River in Venezuela representing the main source of water, along with artificial ponds designed to hold rain water during the rain season.

According to a 1997 census in Colombia, the Wayuu population numbered approximately 144,003 - representing 20% of Colombia's total Amerindian population and 48% of the population of the Department of La Guajira. The Wayuu occupy a total area of within approximately 10 Indian reservations, 8 of which are located south of the Department (including a very important one called Carraipia).

Related websites

Luis Angel Arango Library: The Guajira rebellion

Luis Angel Arango Library: The Capuchins mission and the Wayuu Culture

National Natural Parks of Colombia: National natural Park of Macuira/PAGE 13


Taliraai: Music, Gender and Kinship in the Wayuu Culture - Jacqueline Vilchez Faria

PDF fulltext


Unicef article on community radio keeping Wayuu culture alive in Venezuela

Video of the Wayuu Indigenous People of Colombia

pbs.org article on wayuus

Denver Post article on wayuus

Colombia's national library resume on colombian policies towards amerindian ethnic groups

Brief explanation of the wayunaiiki language

Psicologia del Caribe: Wayuus

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Wayuu

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