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Tunja is a city and municipality in Colombia, capital of the Boyaca department and part of the the subregion of the Central Boyaca Province.

Demographics and Geography

Tunja has a population of approximately 160,000 inhabitants and is located in north central Colombia. It has an elevation of 2.820 meters above sea level.


This Colombian historical city was founded on August 6, 1539 by the Spanish captain, Gonzalo Suarez Rendon, in the domain of "El Zaque", one of the chiefs of the Muiscas tribe.

The city was also the capital of the short lived state of the United Provinces of New Granada from 1810 to 1816.

Tunja is now a university city; one out of every five inhabitants is a student. It is also the home of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Tunja.


Tunja also has the Cold Festival, The International Festival of Culture and Expressions, and one of the most famous celebrations named Aguinaldo Boyacense. The city is historically rich because of all its Catholic churches and old buildings. The famous town name historically known as "The Loyal and Noble city of Santiago of Tunja" is the place where you can find one of the best places to enjoy cultural events. For instance the International Festival of Culture is one of the biggest festivals in Colombia. In this festival you can enjoy the theater, story tellers, dancing groups, and many other cultural expressions. Tunja also celebrates the Cold Festival during the month of October. In this festival there is a beauty contest, and a fashion competition around of the typical Ruana. In December, has the "Aguinaldo Boyacense" that brings the opportunity to enjoy a full week of all the festivities with musical events, cultural and sport presentations.


Tunja has two football (soccer) teams the Boyaca Chico F.C. which plays in the Colombian first division (Copa Mustang) and another one in the Colombian Second Division Primera B called Patriotas FC.

External links

[*] City of Tunja Municipal Government

[*] Tunja's Universities and Colleges

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Tunja

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