Manizales is a city and municipality in central Colombia, capital of Department of Caldas and part of the region of Colombian Coffee-Growers Axis, near the Nevado del Ruiz volcano.
Nowadays the city is the main center for the production of Colombian coffee and an important hub for higher educational institutions.
The city of Manizales is described as having "abrupt topography"; it is built in a mountain region with a number of ridgelines and steep slopes. Combined with the seismic instability of the area, this has required architectural adaptations and public works to make the city safer. Even though Manizales has a very difficult topography, there are a lot of coffee plantations in these fertile lands. The city is located in the north of the Colombian Coffee-Growers Axis ("Eje Cafetero"), near the volcano Nevado del Ruiz, at a height of about 2153 meters.
Manizales was founded October 12, 1849, in the middle of a civil war between bipartisan followers; Liberals against Conservatives. The city was founded by a group of twenty Antioquians (The Expedition of the 20), which came from Neira and Salamina. There is a strong Spanish influence in the culture and the population was very homogeneous, mostly whites, until other races and ethnic groups migrated to the city in search of the outstanding universities. A big deal of tango is enjoyed in the city and there is a new appetite for jazz.
Basin of the Rio Chinchina and sub basin of the Guacaica River.
Earthquakes, slides, and volcanic eruptions
The most important cultural events held are the International Theater Festival, which is one of the major theater events in Latin-America, the Manizales Jazz Festival which gather Jazz Musicians from all over the world, it's held annually.
The Manizales Fair was born in 1951 with the first centenary of the city. It began with the presentation of grand Bullfights and with typical "Manolas" parade (Spanish parade). Due to its huge welcome by people, more shows and presentations have been brought into the Fair, such as International Coffee Beauty Pageant which together with the bullfighting season turn into the main events of the Fair.
Currently within the Fair you can enjoy activities as: Horseback riding Parades, Typical presentations, "Trovas", other parades, National and International Musicians and Bands, Expositions, and Cultural shows. The Feria de Manizales (Manizales Fair) is the second biggest celebration in the country, after the Barranquilla Carnival.
Gold museum of the Banco de la Republica
Museum of Natural History Universidad de Caldas
Museum of Art Universidad de Caldas
Archaeological Museum Universidad de Caldas
Botanical Garden Universidad de Caldas
Natural Museum of Histories CC
Museum of Science and the Game Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Annual Fair of Manizales (Feria de Manizales) [January]
Bullfighting Season of Manizales [January]
International Coffee Beauty Pageant [January]
International Theater Festival [September/October]
Manizales Jazz Festival
Manizales is an important regional cultural and educational center, The city has a student population of some 30.000 people that attend 6 colleges and universities:
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Universidad de Manizales
Universidad Autonoma de Manizales
Universidad Catolica de Manizales
Universidad Luis Amigo
Universidad de Caldas
Manizales' economy is based on Coffee production and processing, steel and other metal manufactures, car parts manufacturing, food industry and educational services.
La Nubia Airport
Sports and Entertainment
The city is also known as the home of the football club Once Caldas, the great winner of the 2004 Libertadores Cup, South America's main club competition.
Nevado del Ruiz Natural Park (with caves and snow)
Thoughts Recinct Park (El Recinto del Pensamiento)
Los Yarumos Ecological Park
Ruiz Hot Springs ("Thermal Waters")
Otun Hot Springs ("Thermal Waters")
Simon Bolivar Park
(Francisco Jose de) Caldas Park
Route of Nereidas
Route to Neira
Route of Rioclaro
Route of Chinchina
Route of La Cabana
Route of "Cerro Bravo"
Capital city of one of the smallest Colombian departments
The city with the most universities per capita in Colombia
Strong Spanish ancestry.
Houses a rare and beautiful Gothic cathedral made by an Italian architect
Its harsh topography makes it the most difficult city to drive through
1999 Armenia earthquake
Manizales' Gallery in Wikimedia Commons
Manizales Photo Tour
Manizales Info Page
Manizales promotional video
Comunidad de Manizales
La Patria - Local newspaper
- Manizales Video
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Manizales