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Manizales is a city and municipality in central Colombia, capital of Department of Caldas and part of the region of Colombian Coffee-Growers Axis, near the Nevado del Ruiz volcano.

Nowadays the city is the main center for the production of Colombian coffee and an important hub for higher educational institutions.


The city of Manizales is described as having "abrupt topography"; it is built in a mountain region with a number of ridgelines and steep slopes. Combined with the seismic instability of the area, this has required architectural adaptations and public works to make the city safer. Even though Manizales has a very difficult topography, there are a lot of coffee plantations in these fertile lands. The city is located in the north of the Colombian Coffee-Growers Axis ("Eje Cafetero"), near the volcano Nevado del Ruiz, at a height of about 2153 meters.


Manizales was founded October 12, 1849, in the middle of a civil war between bipartisan followers; Liberals against Conservatives. The city was founded by a group of twenty Antioquians (The Expedition of the 20), which came from Neira and Salamina. There is a strong Spanish influence in the culture and the population was very homogeneous, mostly whites, until other races and ethnic groups migrated to the city in search of the outstanding universities. A big deal of tango is enjoyed in the city and there is a new appetite for jazz.


Basin of the Rio Chinchina and sub basin of the Guacaica River.

Natural threats

Earthquakes, slides, and volcanic eruptions


The most important cultural events held are the International Theater Festival, which is one of the major theater events in Latin-America, the Manizales Jazz Festival which gather Jazz Musicians from all over the world, it's held annually.

The Manizales Fair was born in 1951 with the first centenary of the city. It began with the presentation of grand Bullfights and with typical "Manolas" parade (Spanish parade). Due to its huge welcome by people, more shows and presentations have been brought into the Fair, such as International Coffee Beauty Pageant which together with the bullfighting season turn into the main events of the Fair.

Currently within the Fair you can enjoy activities as: Horseback riding Parades, Typical presentations, "Trovas", other parades, National and International Musicians and Bands, Expositions, and Cultural shows. The Feria de Manizales (Manizales Fair) is the second biggest celebration in the country, after the Barranquilla Carnival.


Gold museum of the Banco de la Republica

Museum of Natural History Universidad de Caldas

Museum of Art Universidad de Caldas

Archaeological Museum Universidad de Caldas

Botanical Garden Universidad de Caldas

Natural Museum of Histories CC

Museum of Science and the Game Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Periodic Events

Annual Fair of Manizales (Feria de Manizales) [January]

Bullfighting Season of Manizales [January]

International Coffee Beauty Pageant [January]

International Theater Festival [September/October]

Manizales Jazz Festival


Manizales is an important regional cultural and educational center, The city has a student population of some 30.000 people that attend 6 colleges and universities:

Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Universidad de Manizales

Universidad Autonoma de Manizales

Universidad Catolica de Manizales

Universidad Luis Amigo

Universidad de Caldas


Manizales' economy is based on Coffee production and processing, steel and other metal manufactures, car parts manufacturing, food industry and educational services.


La Nubia Airport

Sports and Entertainment

The city is also known as the home of the football club Once Caldas, the great winner of the 2004 Libertadores Cup, South America's main club competition.

Tourist Sites

Gothic Cathedral

Nevado del Ruiz Natural Park (with caves and snow)

Thoughts Recinct Park (El Recinto del Pensamiento)

Los Yarumos Ecological Park

Ruiz Hot Springs ("Thermal Waters")

Otun Hot Springs ("Thermal Waters")

La Rochela


Simon Bolivar Park

(Francisco Jose de) Caldas Park

Rustic Club

Manizales Club

Route of Nereidas

Route to Neira

Route of Rioclaro

Route of Chinchina

Route of La Cabana

Murillo Route

Route of "Cerro Bravo"

Sister Cities

Montreal, Canada

Lisbon, Portugal

Oxford, England

Barcelona, Spain

Valencia, Spain


Capital city of one of the smallest Colombian departments

The city with the most universities per capita in Colombia

Strong Spanish ancestry.

Houses a rare and beautiful Gothic cathedral made by an Italian architect

Its harsh topography makes it the most difficult city to drive through

See also

1999 Armenia earthquake

Photo Gallery

Manizales' Gallery in Wikimedia Commons

Manizales Photo Tour


Manizales Info Page

Manizales promotional video

Comunidad de Manizales

La Patria - Local newspaper

- Manizales Video

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Manizales

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