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Judicial Branch of Colombia

Judicial Branch of Government of Colombia is the system of courts in Republic of Colombia which administer justice in the name of the state as a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. The judicial branch encompasses judges, magistrates and other adjudicators who form the core of a judiciary, as well as the support personnel who keep the system running smoothly. Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the judiciary in Colombia is the branch of government primarily responsible for interpreting the law by majority vote.


Constitutional Court

The Colombian Constitutional court is in charge of guarding the Colombian Constitution and is the highest entity in the Colombian judicial branch of government with the function of interpreting and monitoring the constitutional law and processes. The Constitutional court decides also oversees the Tutela, an individual action against fundamental rights violations (including complaints of acts by the government) as stated in the Article 86 of the Colombian Constitution. The Constitutional Court is located in Bogota. [*]

Supreme Court

The Supreme Court is the highest judicial instance in Colombia consisting of 23 judges which are appointed by the Senate of Colombia and the Chamber of Representatives of Colombia for a period of eight years. The Court is formed by 3 chambers, a civil-agrarian chamber made up by 7 judges, a labor chamber made up by 7 judges and a Penal chamber made up by 9 judges. The Court is located in Bogota.

Council of State of Colombia

the maximum organ of the Contentious Administrative Jurisdiction, it solves the processes that involve to the State and the matters, or the processes that involve to two State Entities ultimately; it also completes an advisory function because it is the organ to which the Government should appeal before making certain decisions, it is not bound by its decision, but must consider the councils , verdict or opinion in certain matters.

Superior tribunals

The Colombian territory is divided into judicial districts which function as appellate courts (Superior tribunals). Each district has a superior court, which hears appeals from and supervise the lower courts in the district. The court is composed of three judges which are appointed by the Supreme Court.

Criminal trials make use of a five-member jury .

Superior Tribunal of Antioquia

Superior Tribunal of Arauca

Superior Tribunal of Armenia

Superior Tribunal of Barranquilla

Superior Tribunal of Bogota

Superior Tribunal of Bucaramanga

Superior Tribunal of Buga

Superior Tribunal of Caldas

Superior Tribunal of Cali

Superior Tribunal of Cartagena

Superior Tribunal of Cundinamarca

Superior Tribunal of Cordoba

Superior Tribunal of Cucuta

Superior Tribunal of Florencia

Superior Tribunal of Ibague

Superior Tribunal of Manizales

Superior Tribunal of Medellin

Superior Tribunal of Monteria

Superior Tribunal of Neiva

Superior Tribunal of Pasto

Superior Tribunal of Pereira

Superior Tribunal of Popayan

Superior Tribunal of Quibdo

Superior Tribunal of Riohacha

Superior Tribunal of Risaralda

Superior Tribunal of San Andres

Superior Tribunal of San Gil

Superior Tribunal of Santa Marta

Superior Tribunal of Sincelejo

Superior Tribunal of Tunja

Superior Tribunal of Valledupar

Superior Tribunal of Villavicencio

Superior Tribunal of Yopal

Regional courts

2nd Civil Court of the Circuit of Soacha

4th Civil Court of the Circuit of Bogota

Civil Court of the Circuit of Granada, Meta

Civil Court of the Circuit of Cali

Civil Court of the Circuit of Caqueza

Civil Court of the Circuit of Funza

Civil Court of the Circuit of Fusagasuga

Civil Court of the Circuit of Gacheta

Civil Court of the Circuit of La Ceja

Civil Court of the Circuit of Plato

Penal Court of the Circuit of Aguadas

Penal Court of the Circuit of Barranquilla

Penal Court of the Circuit of Cali

Penal Court of the Circuit of Fredonia

Penal Court of the Circuit of Guateque

Penal Court of the Circuit of Leticia

Penal Court of the Circuit of Manizales

Penal Court of the Circuit of Medellin

Penal Court of the Circuit of Mocoa

Penal Court of the Circuit of Bogota

Penal Court of the Circuit of Santuario

Penal Court of the Circuit of Sogamoso

Penal Court of the Circuit of Villeta

Promiscuous Court of the Circuit of Guaduas

First Instance Courts

Civil Municipal Courts of Colombia

Administrative Supreme Court

The Colombian Council of State (Consejo de Estado) advices the president on draft legislation regarding the administration and is also the supreme administrative tribunal for complaints against government entities and its employees.

Administrative Courts

The Administrative Courts of Colombia are a first instance level in the judiciary of the country. Administrative court are in the following departments.

Administrative Court of Cundinamarca

Administrative Courts of Antioquia

Administrative Courts of Arauca

Administrative Courts of Bolivar

Administrative Courts of Boyaca

Administrative Courts of Cordoba

Administrative Tribunal of Narino

Administrative Tribunal of Risaralda

Administrative Tribunal of Santander

Administrative Tribunal of Atlantico

Administrative Tribunal of Caqueta

Administrative Tribunal of del Cauca

Administrative Tribunal of del Cesar

Administrative Tribunal of del Huila

Administrative Tribunal of Meta

Administrative Tribunal of Tolima

Administrative Tribunal of Valle del Cauca

Military Courts

Superior Military Tribunal


Jurisprudence (Case Law)

Jurisprudence (All Colombian Law)

Judiciary (In General)

Superior Council of the Judiciary

The Superior Council of the Judicature serves for administrating the branch and also has the power to decide over conflicts of competency between courts.

External links

Colombian Judicial Branch of Government official website

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Judicial Branch of Colombia

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