Several pages redirect here. For other uses, see Inirida.
Inirida, formerly Puerto Inirida, is the capital city, and a municipality, of the department of Guainia in Colombia. It was established in 1963 on the site of the small village of Obando, at the time in the municipality of San Felipe. The municipality was renamed in 1974. The municipal population of 10,891 (census 2005) is mostly indigenous and accounts for about a third of the department's population.
Prior to 1960 there was little development in the area which was sparsely populated by almost entirely indigenous people. Suarez, Carlos Alberto et al. (2003) Colombia: Guia Enciclopedica NORMA, Bogota, D.E., pp. 114-115, ISBN 9580468060 However, in the 1990s and 2000s with increased exploitation of the areas natural resources, efforts have been made to control the local population. The increased military presence was in part because the area was deemed to be a FARC stronghold. Coghlan, Nicholas (2004) Saddest Country: On Assignment in Colombia McGill-Queen's Press, Montreal, p. 171, 182-183, ISBN 0773527877
Located in the llanos at the confluence of the Inirida River and Guaviare River, most of the territory of the municipality of Puerto Inirida is river terrace and bottomland, although there are some hills. It is just 30 km from the Venezuelan border.
The main economic activities in the municipality, aside from government, are agriculture, fishing Castro, Dario M. (1988) Algunos aspectos de la pesca ornamental en Puerto Inirida, Museo del Mar, Universidad de Bogota Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Bogota, D.E. and cattle raising. Mejia Gutierrez, Mario and Mejia Fernandez, Fernando (1980) Puerto Inirida, Comisaria del Guainia : economia basica Corporacion Araracuara, Departamento Administrativo de Intendencias y Comisarias, Bogota, D.E. Agriculture includes subsistence farmingTriana, Gloria (1985) Los Puinaves del Inirida:: formas de subsistencia y mecanismos de adaptacion Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota, D.E., the production of fiber from the petioles of the young chiquichiqui palm (Bactris speciosa), used for rope, and the rattan known as "Yare" used for furniture and baskets.
The society of Inirida is composed by a 53% of indigenous people; Curripacos, Puinaves and Piapocos. A 30% by colonizers and a 17% by other indigenous ethnic groups.
The local airport known as Obando Airport , runway is, as of 2007, serviced by one airline, Satena, which has three flights a week to and from Bogota and one flight a week to and from Villavicencio. However, the San Fernando de Atabapo airport in Venezuela is just 30 km away.
Official website of the Inirida municipality
Aerial photograph of Puerto Inirida c.2000
Inirida map from Fallingrain
Asesoria Presidencial para Las Regiones: Puerto Inirida
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Inirida, Guainia