The Hupda or Hupdh, are an Amazonian indigenous people who live in Brazil and Colombia.
The Hupda people live in the region bordered by the rivers Tiquie and Papuri, tributaries joining the left hand bank of the river Uaupes in the Upper Rio Negro region of the state of Amazonas in Brazil and the departament of Vaupes in Colombia. They are known as being part of the Maku linguistic family and have been in contact with the frontiers of colonization since the 18th century; there are records of countless epidemics of measles, smallpox and influenza which decimated the population. Currently they are distributed in approximately 35 villages (local groups) estimated at a total of 1500 individuals. The Hupda villages are, in general, close to areas of Tukano, Tariano, Tuyuka and Piratapuia population, populations which speak languages of the Tukano linguistic family, living near the banks of the streams and rivers which make up the hydrographic basin of the Uaupes river.
There are other tribes who are part of the Hupda linguistic family in the (Rio) Negro (black) river region. Each tribe has its own language and practically lives in the jungle, on the small streams. The Yohup people, for example, live on the streams on the right hand margin of the Tiquie river , are fewer in number than the Hupda and barely have contact with them. The Kakwa people live on the streams on the left hand side of the Papuri River, in Colombia, and maintain sporadic contact with the Hupda who live on the streams flowing into the Papuri River. Still in Colombia, are the Nukak people on the Guaviri and Enirida rivers. The Daw, commonly known as the Kama, are the smallest tribe and are currently about 100 in number; they live around Sao Gabriel da Cachoeira although their traditional home is on the streams flowing into the Curicuriari River. Finally the Nadeb, in permanent contact with the merchants (regatoes), live by extracting natural jungle products on the Jurubaxi and Uneuixi rivers which flow into the right hand side of the Rio Negro river.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Hupda