Genova is a municipality in the southern part of the department of Quindio, Colombia. It is located 52 km south of the departmental capital Armenia.
Genova was the birthplace in 1928 of Pedro Antonio Marin, who later adopted the name Manuel Marulanda Velez and became the primary leader of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, Colombia's oldest and largest militant guerrilla group.
Luis Garavito, a serial killer, also hails from Genova.
In 2005 Genova had an estimated population of 12,600, of which 7,100 live in the main urban zone.
Genova was founded by Segundo Henao Patino, who had founded Calarca in 1886. During the Thousand Day War, Henao was told by mule drivers arriving from Antioquia and Tolima that the government war ministry was executing liberal guerrillas, with or without trial. In order to hide from these potential reprisals, he organized a group of liberals from Calarca to explore the mountains to the south.
The expedition, headed by Henao, included the families Patino, Ossa, Ospina, Restrepo, Aria, Herrera, Aguilar, Cardona, Gonzalez, Orozco and Giraldo. The group planted out land along the Gris and Azul rivers. There were already several settlers living in the region, near the Gris River.
Henao was well-known throughout the region for his role in the foundation of Calarca, and all of the settlers enthusiastically supported him when he announced his intention to form a new town. He was placed in charge of choosing a site and designing the street plans. Henao chose a site near the joining of the Gris and San Juan rivers, on the land of Luis Ossa.
The official foundation took place on October 12 1903. Genova became a corregimiento of Calarca in 1906, and was later included in the municipality of Pijao when this was created in 1927. In 1937 it became a separate municipality, with Fucion Londono the first mayor.
Loaiza Piedrahita, Oscar (2004), Los corredores del tiempo: Guia turistica por la historia del Quindio. ISBN 958-33-7088-6. Book in Spanish on the history of the municipalities of Quindio until the foundation of the department in 1966. The local history is placed in the context of wider events in Colombia.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Genova, Quindio