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Gaitana, also referred to as La Gaitana and Cacica Gaitana, was a 16th century Paez woman leader who, in 1539-40, led the indigenous people of northern Cauca, Colombia in armed resistance against colonization by the Spanish. Her monument sculpted by Rodrigo Arenas stands in Neiva, the capital of Huila in Colombia.

The indigenous people

According to Spanish chronologists, at the time of conquest, the modern territory of Huila Department was inhabited to the west by the Yalcon tribe (with nearly 5000 warriors) comprising the Avirama, the Pinao, the Guanaca and the Paez whose tribal leader was Gaitana Cacica. The eastern ...

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