Calarca is a municipality in the eastern part of the department of Quindio, Colombia. It is located 4 km east of the departmental capital Armenia. Its nickname is La Villa del Cacique ("The Boss's Borough").
In 2005 it had an estimated population of 82,400, of which 62,100 live in the main urban zone.
The municipality of Calarca is located between 4 20 40 and 4 33 50 north and between 75 33 40 and 75 48 40 west. The inner city is located 4 33 0.6 north and 75 39 00 west. It lies in the Andean zone flanking the Central Cordillera, east of the department of Quindio in the centre-western part of the country, within the area known as the Eje Cafetero ("Coffee Axis"). Calarca is bordered by the municipalities of Salento to the north, Cajamarca (Tolima) to the east, Cordoba, Buenavista, Pijao in Quindio and Caicedonia in the Cauca Valley to the south, and La Tebaida y Armenia to the west.
The municipality has an area of 219.23 km. Urban area is 2.44 km. Rural area is 216.79 km. It varies in altitude between 1000 m above sea level at the confluence of the Quindio y Barragan rivers to 3667 m above sea level in the El Campanario highland area. The city itself sits at an average of 1536 m above sea level.
[== History ==]
Economy of Calarca is a poor one just like in others towns in the Quindio. Principally people receive money from their families that work in other countries.
Alcaldia Municipal de Calarca. Official web page of the city council (in Spanish).
Calarca, La Villa del Cacique. Extensive site with local and tourist information (in Spanish).
Lopera Gutierrez, Jaime, La Colonizacion del Quindio.
Loaiza Piedrahita, Oscar (2004), Los corredores del tiempo: Guia turistica por la historia del Quindio. ISBN 958-33-7088-6. Book in Spanish on the history of the municipalities of Quindio until the foundation of the department in 1966. The local history is placed in the context of wider events in Colombia.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Calarca, Quindio