Bolsa de Valores de Colombia
The Bolsa de Valores de Colombia, also known as BVC, is the principal stock exchange of Colombia. It was created on July 3, 2001 by the union of three extant stock exchanges in Colombia: Bogota Stock Exchange (Bolsa de Bogota), Medellin Stock Exchange (Bolsa de Medellin)and Cali's Western Stock Exchange (Bolsa de Occidente).
The company maintains offices in Bogota, Medellin and Cali.
The idea of a stock exchange in Colombia occurred originally in Medellin at the beginning of the 20th century with an initiative in 1901 and then in Bogota in 1903 with an unsuccessful outcome. It was not only until the late 20's when the political and socio-economic landscape seemed to give more opportunities of survival.
It was in mid 1928 when a group of entrepreneurs and government officials from Colombia and abroad organized the promotion of the Bogota Stock Exchange (Sp. Bolsa de Bogota) so they could establish the judicial and operational framework of the newly created organization. Former Minister of Economy and jurist Jorge Soto del Corral composed the regulations of the new entity and on November 23 of 1928 the public title 1702 was signed and constituted the Bogota Stock Exchange as a public limited company. On May 6 , 1929 the first board of trustees was elected.
In March 1929 the first 17 traders were assigned by Banking Superintendent Gonzalo Cordoba and in April 25 corporations and organizations registered their shares, this included banks, financial service companies and manufacturing and commercial services corporations. Among them Bank of Colombia currently branded as Bancolombia which is also a NYSE listed company and Scadta today known as Avianca.
Bogota Stock Exchange remained as Colombia's only stock trading organization until the 50's when Medellin created its own Stock Exchange. This was particularly useful for the coffee trade since Colombia's coffee market's original birthplace is the Department of Antioquia.
Cali created its stock exchange in the mid 70's.
The main driving force of this stock exchanges was the economic growth it meant to their participants. However, the policy making of the original stock exchange and Colombia's Bank of the Republic (Similar to the United State's Federal Reserve) was archaic for today's standards.
The evolution of the financial policies of the estate, the fundamental macroeconomic principles, the development of a financial system, the creation of entrepreneurial groups and the evolution of illegal drug trade and the violence it brought, were factors that decimated the share trading market of Colombia during the 70's. Despite these problems and the original stock exchange losing its original mission of being a vehicle for the trading of shares, its executives pursued the improving of the credibility of Bolsa de Bogota by concentrating in the operations between potential investors and shareholders.
During 2001 it became necessary to merge the three regional stock exchanges into what it is known today as Bolsa de Valores of Colombia (Stock Exchange of Colombia).
Economy of Colombia
List of stock exchanges
List of American stock exchanges
List of Colombian companies
Bolsa de Valores de Colombia
Directory of brokers on the Bolsa de Valores de Colombia (page in Spanish)
Financial site of the Colombian Stock Market(page in Spanish).
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