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Bolivarianism is a set of political doctrines that enjoys currency in parts of South America, especially Venezuela. Bolivarianism is named after Simon Bolivar, the 19th century Venezuelan general and liberator who led the struggle for independence throughout much of South America.
In recent years, its most significant political manifestation is in the government of Venezuela's president Hugo Chavez, who since the beginning of his presidency has called himself a Bolivarian patriot and applied his interpretation of several of Bolivar's ideals to everyday affairs, as part of the Bolivarian Revolution. That included the 1999 Constitution, which changed Venezuela's name to the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, and other ideas such as the Bolivarian Schools, Bolivarian Circles, and the Universidad Bolivariana de Venezuela. Often, the term Bolivarianism is used specifically to refer to Chavez's rule. The central points of Bolivarianism, as extolled by Chavez, are:
Chavez's version of Bolivarianism, although drawing heavily from Simon Bolivar's ideals, was also influenced by the writings of Marxist historian Federico Brito Figueroa. Chavez was also thoroughly steeped in the South American tradition of socialism and communism early in his life, such as that practiced by Jorge Eliecer Gaitan, Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and Salvador Allende. Other key influences on Chavez's political philosophy include Ezequiel Zamora and Simon Rodriguez. Although Chavez himself refers to his ideology as Bolivarianismo ("Bolivarianism"), Chavez's supporters and opponents in Venezuela refer to themselves as being either for or against "chavismo". Chavez supporters refer to themselves as "chavistas."
"Venezuelas Chavez Closes World Social Forum with Call to Transcend Capitalism"
Chavez opponents face tough times.
Lula says he is not like Chavez.
Karl Marx's article about Bolivar in the New American Encyclopedia 1858
Hugo Chavez and Bolivarian Nationalism
The Enduring Spell of Bolivar
Chavez's Ace - Venezuelan Leader Taps Bolivar Myths, Cults
(Mis)understanding Chavez and Venezuela in Times of Revolution
If the Real Simon Bolivar Met Hugo Chavez, He'd See Red
Venezuela Assembly Rubber-stamps Socialist Changes
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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Bolivarianism