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The Baniwa are South American Indians belonging to the Maipurean (Arawak) linguistic family. They live in the Amazon Region, in the border area of Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela and along the Rio Negro and its tributaries.

There are an estimated 5,140 Baniwa in Brazil, 6,790 in Colombia and 3,200 in Venezuela's Amazonas State, according to Brazil's Instituto Socioambiental, but accurate figures are almost impossible to come by given the nature of the rainforest.

Baniwa Indians rely mainly on manioc cultivation and fishing for subsistence. They are also known for the fine basketry they skilfully produce.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Baniwa

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