Avianca Flight 203
Avianca Airlines Flight 203 was a Boeing 727 that was destroyed by a bomb over Colombia on November 27, 1989.
The aircraft took off from the Colombian capital Bogota en route to Cali. It was in the air five minutes and flying at a speed of when an explosive charge detonated on board, igniting fuel vapors in an empty fuel tank. The blast ripped the airliner apart: the nose section separated from the tail section, which went down in flames. All 107 people onboard were killed, as well as three people on the ground who were killed by falling debris.
The bombing of Flight 203 was the deadliest single criminal attack in the many decades of Colombian violence. The Medellin drug cartel claimed responsibility for planting the bomb. The cartel claimed that the intended target was Cesar Gaviria Trujillo, the leading candidate in the presidential elections, although he was not on the plane. Dandeny Munoz Mosquera, the chief assassin for the Medellin Cartel, was convicted in a United States District Court for the bombing and was sentenced to 10 consecutive life sentences.