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MundoAndino Home : Chile Guide at Mundo Andino

List of birds of Chile


This is a list of the bird species recorded in Chile. The avifauna of Chile includes a total of 479 species (324 non-passerines and 155 passerines), of which 12 are endemic (with 8 species belonging to the suborder Tyranni), 6 have been introduced by humans, and 88 are rare or accidental. 33 species are globally threatened. The list includes species recorded on Easter Island, Sala y Gomez, the Juan Fernandez Islands and the Chilean Antarctic Territory.

This list's taxonomic treatment and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Chile.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. It must be noted that not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring, native species.

(A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Chile.

(E) Endemic A species endemic to Chile.

(I) Introduced A species introduced to Chile as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.

(Ant) Antarctic A species recorded from the Chilean Antarctic Territory but not from Chile proper.

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Rheas

Order: Struthioniformes

Family: Rheidae

The rheas are large flightless birds native to South America. Their feet have three toes rather than four which allows them to run faster. There are 2 species and 1 species which occurs in Chile.

Lesser Rhea Rhea pennata

Tinamous

Order: Tinamiformes

Family: Tinamidae

The tinamous are one of the most ancient groups of bird. Although they look similar to other ground-dwelling birds like quail and grouse, they have no close relatives and are classified as a single family Tinamidae within their own order, the Tinamiformes. They are distantly related to the ratites (order Struthioniformes), that includes the rheas, emu, and kiwi. There are 47 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Chile.

Ornate Tinamou Nothoprocta ornata

Chilean Tinamou Nothoprocta perdicaria (E)

Andean Tinamou Nothoprocta pentlandii

Elegant Crested Tinamou Eudromia elegans

Puna Tinamou Tinamotis pentlandii

Patagonian Tinamou Tinamotis ingoufi

Penguins

Order: Sphenisciformes

Family: Spheniscidae

The penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. There are 17 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Chile.

King Penguin Aptenodytes patagonicus

Emperor Penguin Aptenodytes forsteri (A)

Gentoo Penguin Pygoscelis papua

Adelie Penguin Pygoscelis adeliae (Ant)

Chinstrap Penguin Pygoscelis antarctica

Rockhopper Penguin Eudyptes chrysocome

Macaroni Penguin Eudyptes chrysolophus

Little Penguin Eudyptula minor (A)

Humboldt Penguin Spheniscus humboldti

Magellanic Penguin Spheniscus magellanicus

Grebes

Order: Podicipediformes

Family: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Chile.

Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps

White-tufted Grebe Rollandia rolland

Great Grebe Podiceps major

Silvery Grebe Podiceps occipitalis

Hooded Grebe Podiceps gallardoi (A)

Albatrosses

Order: Procellariiformes

Family: Diomedeidae

The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses from the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds. There are 21 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Chile.

Wandering Albatross Diomedea exulans

Royal Albatross Diomedea epomophora

Waved Albatross Phoebastria irrorata

Gray-headed Albatross Thalassarche chrysostoma

Chatham Albatross Thalassarche eremita

Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris

Buller's Albatross Thalassarche bulleri

Shy Albatross Thalassarche cauta

Sooty Albatross Phoebetria fusca (A)

Light-mantled Albatross Phoebetria palpebrata

Shearwaters and Petrels

Order: Procellariiformes

Family: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and 33 species which occur in Chile.

Antarctic Giant Petrel Macronectes giganteus

Hall's Giant Petrel Macronectes halli

Southern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialoides

Antarctic Petrel Thalassoica antarctica (A)

Cape Petrel Daption capense

Snow Petrel Pagodroma nivea (Ant)

Great-winged Petrel Pterodroma macroptera

White-headed Petrel Pterodroma lessonii

Phoenix Petrel Pterodroma alba

Mottled Petrel Pterodroma inexpectata (A)

Kermadec Petrel Pterodroma neglecta

Herald Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana

Juan Fernandez Petrel Pterodroma externa

Defilippe's Petrel Pterodroma defilippiana

Gould's Petrel Pterodroma leucoptera

Stejneger's Petrel Pterodroma longirostris

Blue Petrel Halobaena caerulea

Salvin's Prion Pachyptila salvini (A)

Antarctic Prion Pachyptila desolata

Slender-billed Prion Pachyptila belcheri

Fairy Prion Pachyptila turtur (A)

Gray Petrel Procellaria cinerea

White-chinned Petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis

Westland Petrel Procellaria westlandica (A)

Kerguelen Petrel Aphrodroma brevirostris

Pink-footed Shearwater Puffinus creatopus

Flesh-footed Shearwater Puffinus carneipes (A)

Greater Shearwater Puffinus gravis

Buller's Shearwater Puffinus bulleri

Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus

Christmas Shearwater Puffinus nativitatis

Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus

Little Shearwater Puffinus assimilis

Storm-Petrels

Order: Procellariiformes

Family: Hydrobatidae

The storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of sea-birds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Chile.

Gray-backed Storm-Petrel Garrodia nereis

Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus

White-vented Storm-Petrel Oceanites gracilis

White-faced Storm-Petrel Pelagodroma marina

Black-bellied Storm-Petrel Fregetta tropica

White-bellied Storm-Petrel Fregetta grallaria

Polynesian Storm-Petrel Nesofregetta fuliginosa

Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma tethys

Markham's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma markhami

Ringed Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma hornbyi

Diving petrels

Order: Procellariiformes

Family: Pelecanoididae

The diving petrels are small auk-like birds found in the southern oceans. They feed on krill, copepods and small fish and squid. There are 4 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Chile.

Peruvian Diving-Petrel Pelecanoides garnotii

Magellanic Diving-Petrel Pelecanoides magellani

Common Diving-Petrel Pelecanoides urinatrix

Tropicbirds

Order: Pelecaniformes

Family: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings. There are 3 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Chile.

Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus

Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda

White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus (A)

Pelicans

Order: Pelecaniformes

Family: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Chile.

Peruvian Pelican Pelecanus thagus

Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis (A)

Boobies and Gannets

Order: Pelecaniformes

Family: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise medium-to-large coastal sea-birds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Chile.

Peruvian Booby Sula variegata

Masked Booby Sula dactylatra

Nazca Booby Sula granti

Red-footed Booby Sula sula (A)

Brown Booby Sula leucogaster

Cormorants

Order: Pelecaniformes

Family: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Chile.

Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus

Rock Shag Phalacrocorax magellanicus

Guanay Cormorant Phalacrocorax bougainvillii

Antarctic Shag Phalacrocorax bransfieldensis (Ant)

Imperial Shag Phalacrocorax atriceps

Red-legged Cormorant Phalacrocorax gaimardi

Frigatebirds

Order: Pelecaniformes

Family: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large sea-birds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Chile.

Great Frigatebird Fregata minor

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

Order: Ciconiiformes

Family: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Chile.

Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi

Great Egret Ardea alba

Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor (A)

Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea

Snowy Egret Egretta thula

Pacific Reef-Heron Egretta sacra (A)

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis

Striated Heron Butorides striata (A)

Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax

Stripe-backed Bittern Ixobrychus involucris

Storks

Order: Ciconiiformes

Family: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Chile.

Wood Stork Mycteria americana (A)

Maguari Stork Ciconia maguari (A)

Ibises and Spoonbills

Order: Ciconiiformes

Family: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Chile.

Andean Ibis Theristicus branickii

Black-faced Ibis Theristicus melanopis

White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi

Puna Ibis Plegadis ridgwayi

Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja (A)

Flamingos

Order: Phoenicopteriformes

Family: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Chile.

Chilean Flamingo Phoenicopterus chilensis

Andean Flamingo Phoenicopterus andinus

Puna Flamingo Phoenicopterus jamesi

Ducks, Geese and Swans

Order: Anseriformes

Family: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 30 species which occur in Chile.

Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor (A)

White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna viduata (A)

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis (A)

Black-necked Swan Cygnus melanocorypha

Coscoroba Swan Coscoroba coscoroba

Andean Goose Chloephaga melanoptera

Upland Goose Chloephaga picta

Kelp Goose Chloephaga hybrida

Ashy-headed Goose Chloephaga poliocephala

Ruddy-headed Goose Chloephaga rubidiceps

Flightless Steamerduck Tachyeres pteneres

Flying Steamerduck Tachyeres patachonicus

Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata (I)

Torrent Duck Merganetta armata

Chiloe Wigeon Anas sibilatrix

Speckled Teal Anas flavirostris

Spectacled Duck Anas specularis

Crested Duck Anas specularioides

Yellow-billed Pintail Anas georgica

White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis

Puna Teal Anas puna

Silver Teal Anas versicolor

Blue-winged Teal Anas discors (A)

Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera

Red Shoveler Anas platalea

Rosy-billed Pochard Netta peposaca

Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma (A)

Black-headed Duck Heteronetta atricapilla

Andean Duck Oxyura ferruginea

Lake Duck Oxyura vittata

New World vultures

Order: Falconiformes

Family: Cathartidae

The New World vultures are not closely related to Old World vultures, but superficially resemble them because of convergent evolution. Like the Old World vultures, they are scavengers. However, unlike Old World vultures, which find carcasses by sight, New World vultures have a good sense of smell with which they locate carrion. There are 7 species worldwide, all of which are found only in the Americas, and 3 species which occur in Chile.

Black Vulture Coragyps atratus

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura

Andean Condor Vultur gryphus

Osprey

Order: Falconiformes

Family: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Hawks, Kites and Eagles

Order: Falconiformes

Family: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Chile.

White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus

Long-winged Harrier Circus buffoni (A)

Cinereous Harrier Circus cinereus

Chilean Hawk Accipiter chilensis

Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus

Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus

Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris (A)

White-throated Hawk Buteo albigula

Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni (A)

Red-backed Hawk Buteo polyosoma

Puna Hawk Buteo poecilochrous (A)

Rufous-tailed Hawk Buteo ventralis

Caracaras and Falcons

Order: Falconiformes

Family: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Chile.

Mountain Caracara Phalcoboenus megalopterus

White-throated Caracara Phalcoboenus albogularis

Striated Caracara Phalcoboenus australis

Southern Caracara Caracara plancus

Chimango Caracara Milvago chimango

Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans (A)

American Kestrel Falco sparverius

Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis

Orange-breasted Falcon Falco deiroleucus (A)

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

New World quails

Order: Galliformes

Family: Odontophoridae

The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. There are 32 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas, and 1 species which occurs in Chile.

California Quail Callipepla californica (I)

Pheasants and Partridges

Order: Galliformes

Family: Phasianidae

The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, partridges, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowls, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowls and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump (although they may vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings. There are 156 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Chile.

Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus (I)

Rails, Crakes, Gallinules, and Coots

Order: Gruiformes

Family: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Chile.

Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis

Austral Rail Rallus antarcticus

Spotted Rail Pardirallus maculatus (A)

Plumbeous Rail Pardirallus sanguinolentus

Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica (A)

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus

Spot-flanked Gallinule Gallinula melanops

White-winged Coot Fulica leucoptera

Slate-colored Coot Fulica ardesiaca

Red-gartered Coot Fulica armillata

Red-fronted Coot Fulica rufifrons

Giant Coot Fulica gigantea

Horned Coot Fulica cornuta

Jacanas

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Chile.

Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana (A)

Painted snipe

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Rostratulidae

Painted snipe are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Chile.

American Painted-snipe Rostratula semicollaris

Oystercatchers

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Chile.

Magellanic Oystercatcher Haematopus leucopodus

Blackish Oystercatcher Haematopus ater

American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus

Avocets and Stilts

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Chile.

White-backed Stilt Himantopus melanurus

Andean Avocet Recurvirostra andina

Thick-knees

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Chile.

Peruvian Thick-knee Burhinus superciliaris

Plovers and Lapwings

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 14 species which occur in Chile.

Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis

Andean Lapwing Vanellus resplendens

American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica

Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola

Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus

Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia (A)

Killdeer Charadrius vociferus

Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus

Collared Plover Charadrius collaris

Puna Plover Charadrius alticola

Two-banded Plover Charadrius falklandicus

Rufous-chested Dotterel Charadrius modestus

Diademed Sandpiper-Plover Phegornis mitchellii

Tawny-throated Dotterel Oreopholus ruficollis

Magellanic Plover

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Pluvianellidae

The Magellanic Plover is a rare wader found only in southernmost South America. In its build and habits it is similar to a turnstone. Its upperparts and breast are pale grey, and the rest of the underparts are white. It has short red legs, a black bill and a red eye. In young birds, the eyes and legs are yellowish in colour.

Magellanic Plover Pluvianellus socialis

Sandpipers and allies

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 31 species which occur in Chile.

South American Snipe Gallinago paraguaiae

Puna Snipe Gallinago andina

Fuegian Snipe Gallinago stricklandii

Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus (A)

Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica

Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa (A)

Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis (A)

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus

Bristle-thighed Curlew Numenius tahitiensis (A)

Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda (A)

Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca

Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes

Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria (A)

Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia

Wandering Tattler Heterosceles incanus (A)

Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres

Surfbird Aphriza virgata

Red Knot Calidris canutus

Sanderling Calidris alba

Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla (A)

Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri (A)

Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla (A)

White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis

Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii

Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos

Dunlin Calidris alpina (A)

Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus (A)

Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor

Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus

Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius

Seedsnipes

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Thinocoridae

The seedsnipes are a small family of birds that superficially resemble sparrows. They have short legs and long wings and are herbivorous waders. There are 4 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Chile.

Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi

White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus

Gray-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

Sheathbills

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Chionididae

The sheathbills are scavengers of the Antarctic regions. They have white plumage, and look plump and dove-like, but are believed to be similar to the ancestors of the modern gulls and terns. There are 2 species and 1 species which occurs in Chile.

Snowy Sheathbill Chionis alba

Skuas and Jaegers

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Chile.

Chilean Skua Stercorarius chilensis

South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki

Brown Skua Stercorarius antarctica

Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus (A)

Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus

Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus (A)

Gulls

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Chile.

Dolphin Gull Larus scoresbii

Belcher's Gull Larus belcheri

Gray Gull Larus modestus

Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus

Gray-headed Gull Larus cirrocephalus (A)

Brown-hooded Gull Larus maculipennis

Andean Gull Larus serranus

Laughing Gull Larus atricilla (A)

Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan

Sabine's Gull Xema sabini

Swallow-tailed Gull Creagrus furcatus

Terns

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large sea-birds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in Chile.

Elegant Tern Sterna elegans

Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis (A)

Royal Tern Sterna maxima (A)

South American Tern Sterna hirundinacea

Common Tern Sterna hirundo

Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea

Antarctic Tern Sterna vittata (Ant)

Snowy-crowned Tern Sterna trudeaui

Peruvian Tern Sterna lorata

Gray-backed Tern Sterna lunata

Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus (A)

Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata

Black Tern Chlidonias niger (A)

Black Noddy Anous minutus (A)

Brown Noddy Anous stolidus

Gray Noddy Procelsterna albivitta

White Tern Gygis alba

Inca Tern Larosterna inca

Skimmers

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Chile.

Black Skimmer Rynchops niger

Pigeons and Doves

Order: Columbiformes

Family: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Chile.

Rock Pigeon Columba livia (I)

Spot-winged Pigeon Patagioenas maculosa (A)

Chilean Pigeon Patagioenas araucana

Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata

Pacific Dove Zenaida meloda

Ruddy Ground Dove Columbina talpacoti (A)

Picui Ground Dove Columbina picui

Croaking Ground Dove Columbina cruziana

Bare-faced Ground Dove Metriopelia ceciliae

Black-winged Ground Dove Metriopelia melanoptera

Golden-spotted Ground Dove Metriopelia aymara

Parrots, Macaws and allies

Order: Psittaciformes

Family: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Chile.

Burrowing Parrot Cyanoliseus patagonus

Austral Parakeet Enicognathus ferrugineus

Slender-billed Parakeet Enicognathus leptorhynchus (E)

Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus (I)

Mountain Parakeet Psilopsiagon aurifrons

Cuckoos and Anis

Order: Cuculiformes

Family: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Chile.

Dark-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus melacoryphus

Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris

Barn owls

Order: Strigiformes

Family: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Chile.

Barn Owl Tyto alba

Typical owls

Order: Strigiformes

Family: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Chile.

Magellanic Horned Owl Bubo magellanicus

Rufous-legged Owl Strix rufipes

Peruvian Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium peruanum

Austral Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium nanum

Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia

Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

Nightjars

Order: Caprimulgiformes

Family: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Chile.

Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis (A)

Band-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus longirostris

Swifts

Order: Apodiformes

Family: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Chile.

Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica

Andean Swift Aeronautes andecolus

Hummingbirds

Order: Trochiliformes

Family: Trochilidae

Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. They are the only birds that can fly backwards. There are 337 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Chile.

Sparkling Violet-ear Colibri coruscans

Andean Hillstar Oreotrochilus estella

White-sided Hillstar Oreotrochilus leucopleurus

Giant Hummingbird Patagona gigas

Green-backed Firecrown Sephanoides sephaniodes

Juan Fernandez Firecrown Sephanoides fernandensis (E)

Oasis Hummingbird Rhodopis vesper

Peruvian Sheartail Thaumastura cora

Chilean Woodstar Eulidia yarrellii

Kingfishers

Order: Coraciiformes

Family: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Chile.

Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquatus

Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana (A)

Woodpeckers and allies

Order: Piciformes

Family: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Chile.

Striped Woodpecker Picoides lignarius

Chilean Flicker Colaptes pitius

Andean Flicker Colaptes rupicola

Magellanic Woodpecker Campephilus magellanicus

Ovenbirds

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Furnariidae

Ovenbirds comprise a large family of small sub-oscine passerine bird species found in Central and South America. They are a diverse group of insectivores which gets its name from the elaborate "oven-like" clay nests built by some species, although others build stick nests or nest in tunnels or clefts in rock. There are 243 species worldwide and 32 species which occur in Chile.

Grayish Miner Geositta maritima

Common Miner Geositta cunicularia

Puna Miner Geositta punensis

Short-billed Miner Geositta antarctica

Rufous-banded Miner Geositta rufipennis

Creamy-rumped Miner Geositta isabellina

Scale-throated Earthcreeper Upucerthia dumetaria

Plain-breasted Earthcreeper Upucerthia jelskii

White-throated Earthcreeper Upucerthia albigula

Straight-billed Earthcreeper Upucerthia ruficauda

Rock Earthcreeper Upucerthia andaecola (A)

Band-tailed Earthcreeper Eremobius phoenicurus

Crag Chilia Chilia melanura (E)

Blackish Cinclodes Cinclodes antarcticus

Chilean Seaside Cinclodes Cinclodes nigrofumosus (E)

Dark-bellied Cinclodes Cinclodes patagonicus

Gray-flanked Cinclodes Cinclodes oustaleti

Bar-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes fuscus

White-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes atacamensis

Des Murs's Wiretail Sylviorthorhynchus desmursii

Thorn-tailed Rayadito Aphrastura spinicauda

Masafuera Rayadito Aphrastura masafuerae (E)

Streaked Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura striata

Plain-mantled Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura aegithaloides

Wren-like Rushbird Phleocryptes melanops

Dark-winged Canastero Asthenes arequipae

Lesser Canastero Asthenes pyrrholeuca

Dusky-tailed Canastero Asthenes humicola (E?)

Canyon Canastero Asthenes pudibunda (A)

Cordilleran Canastero Asthenes modesta

Austral Canastero Asthenes anthoides

White-throated Treerunner Pygarrhichas albogularis

Tapaculos

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Rhinocryptidae

The tapaculos are a group of small suboscine passeriform birds with numerous species, found in South America. They are terrestrial species that fly only poorly on their short wings. They have strong legs, well-suited to their habitat of grassland or forest undergrowth. The tail is cocked and pointed towards the head. There are 56 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Chile.

Black-throated Huet-huet Pteroptochos tarnii

Chestnut-throated Huet-huet Pteroptochos castaneus

Moustached Turca Pteroptochos megapodius (E)

White-throated Tapaculo Scelorchilus albicollis (E)

Chucao Tapaculo Scelorchilus rubecula

Ochre-flanked Tapaculo Eugralla paradoxa

Magellanic Tapaculo Scytalopus magellanicus

Dusky Tapaculo Scytalopus fuscus (E)

Cotingas

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Cotingidae

The cotingas are birds of forests or forest edges of tropical South America. Comparatively little is known about this diverse group, although all have broad bills with hooked tips, rounded wings, and strong legs. The males of many of the species are brightly coloured, or decorated with plumes or wattles. There are 71 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Chile

Rufous-tailed Plantcutter Phytotoma rara

Tyrant flycatchers

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Tyrannidae

Tyrant flycatchers are passerine birds which occur throughout North and South America. They superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers, but are more robust with stronger bills. They do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of the songbirds. Most, but not all, have plain colouring. As the name implies, most are insectivorous. There are 429 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas and 38 species which occur in Chile.

White-crested Elaenia Elaenia albiceps

Pied-crested Tit-Tyrant Anairetes reguloides

Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant Anairetes flavirostris

Juan Fernandez Tit-Tyrant Anairetes fernandezianus (E)

Tufted Tit-Tyrant Anairetes parulus

Many-colored Rush-Tyrant Tachuris rubrigastra

Warbling Doradito Pseudocolopteryx flaviventris

Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus

Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus

D'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca oenanthoides

White-browed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca leucophrys

Patagonian Tyrant Colorhamphus parvirostris

Fire-eyed Diucon Xolmis pyrope

Chocolate-vented Tyrant Neoxolmis rufiventris

Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis montana

White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis andicola

Great Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis livida

Gray-bellied Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis microptera

Rufous-webbed Tyrant Polioxolmis rufipennis (A)

Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola maculirostris

Dark-faced Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola maclovianus

Cinnamon-bellied Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola capistratus

Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola rufivertex

Puna Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola juninensis

White-browed Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola albilora

Cinereous Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola cinereus

White-fronted Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola albifrons

Ochre-naped Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola flavinucha

Black-fronted Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola frontalis

Short-tailed Field-Tyrant Muscigralla brevicauda

Andean Negrito Lessonia oreas

Austral Negrito Lessonia rufa

Spectacled Tyrant Hymenops perspicillatus

Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus (A)

Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus (A)

Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus (A)

Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus (A)

Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana (A)

Swallows and Martins

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Chile.

Southern Martin Progne elegans (A)

Peruvian Martin Progne murphyi

Chilean Swallow Tachycineta meyeni

Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca

Andean Swallow Haplochelidon andecola

Tawny-headed Swallow Alopochelidon fucata (A)

Bank Swallow Riparia riparia (A)

Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota (A)

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica

Wagtails and Pipits

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Chile.

Correndera Pipit Anthus correndera

Hellmayr's Pipit Anthus hellmayri

Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens

Wrens

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Troglodytidae

The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 80 species worldwide (of which all but one are New World species) and 2 species which occur in Chile.

House Wren Troglodytes aedon

Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis

Mockingbirds and Thrashers

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Mimidae

The mimids are a family of passerine birds that includes thrashers, mockingbirds, tremblers, and the New World catbirds. These birds are notable for their vocalizations, especially their ability to mimic a wide variety of birds and other sounds heard outdoors. Their colouring tends towards dull greys and browns . There are 35 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Chile.

Patagonian Mockingbird Mimus patagonicus

White-banded Mockingbird Mimus triurus (A)

Chilean Mockingbird Mimus thenca (E)

Thrushes and allies

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Chile.

Veery Catharus fuscescens (A)

Chiguanco Thrush Turdus chiguanco

Austral Thrush Turdus falcklandii

Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus (A)

Vireos

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Vireonidae

The vireos are a group of small to medium sized passerine birds restricted to the New World. They are typically greenish in colour and resemble wood warblers apart from their heavier bills. There are 52 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Chile.

Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus (A)

New World warblers

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Parulidae

The New World warblers are a group of small, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World. Most are arboreal, but some are terrestrial. Most members of this family are insectivores. There are 119 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Chile.

Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina (A)

Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata (A)

American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla (A)

Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis (A)

Tanagers

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Thraupidae

The tanagers are a large group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World, mainly in the tropics. Many species are brightly coloured. They are seed eaters, but their preference tends towards fruit and nectar. Most have short, rounded wings. There are 256 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Chile.

Cinereous Conebill Conirostrum cinereum

Tamarugo Conebill Conirostrum tamarugense

Giant Conebill Oreomanes fraseri (A)

Summer Tanager Piranga rubra (A)

Blue-and-yellow Tanager Thraupis bonariensis

Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters and allies

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 27 species which occur in Chile.

Black-hooded Sierra-Finch Phrygilus atriceps

Gray-hooded Sierra-Finch Phrygilus gayi

Patagonian Sierra-Finch Phrygilus patagonicus

Mourning Sierra-Finch Phrygilus fruticeti

Plumbeous Sierra-Finch Phrygilus unicolor

Red-backed Sierra-Finch Phrygilus dorsalis

White-throated Sierra-Finch Phrygilus erythronotus

Band-tailed Sierra-Finch Phrygilus alaudinus

Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch Phrygilus plebejus

Canary-winged Finch Melanodera melanodera

Yellow-bridled Finch Melanodera xanthogramma

White-winged Diuca-Finch Diuca speculifera

Common Diuca-Finch Diuca diuca

Slender-billed Finch Xenospingus concolor

Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina

Chestnut-throated Seedeater Sporophila telasco

Band-tailed Seedeater Catamenia analis

Black-throated Flowerpiercer Diglossa brunneiventris

Puna Yellow-Finch Sicalis lutea

Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola

Grassland Yellow-Finch Sicalis luteola

Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch Sicalis uropygialis

Greater Yellow-Finch Sicalis auriventris

Greenish Yellow-Finch Sicalis olivascens

Patagonian Yellow-Finch Sicalis lebruni

Red-crested Cardinal Paroaria coronata (A)

Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis

Saltators, Cardinals and allies

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Cardinalidae

The cardinals are a family of passerine birds that are robust, seed-eating birds, with strong bills. They are typically associated with open woodland. The sexes usually have distinct plumages. There are 43 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Chile.

Golden-billed Saltator Saltator aurantiirostris

Black-backed Grosbeak Pheucticus aureoventris (A)

Troupials and allies

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Icteridae

The icterids are a group of small to medium, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World and include the grackles, New World blackbirds, and New World orioles. Most species have black as the predominant plumage colour, often enlivened by yellow, orange or red. There are 98 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Chile.

Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus (A)

Chestnut-capped Blackbird Chrysomus ruficapillus (A)

Yellow-winged Blackbird Agelasticus thilius

White-browed Blackbird Sturnella superciliaris (A)

Peruvian Meadowlark Sturnella bellicosa

Long-tailed Meadowlark Sturnella loyca

Bay-winged Cowbird Molothrus badius (A)

Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis

Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula (A)

Austral Blackbird Curaeus curaeus

Siskins, Crossbills and allies

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Chile.

Thick-billed Siskin Carduelis crassirostris

Hooded Siskin Carduelis magellanica

Black-chinned Siskin Carduelis barbata

Black Siskin Carduelis atrata

Yellow-rumped Siskin Carduelis uropygialis

Sparrows

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Chile.

House Sparrow Passer domesticus (I)

See also

List of birds

Lists of birds by region

External links

Birds of Chile for the country and by region Birdlist, multi-lingual website by country with standardized codes for abundance and seasonal presence.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article List of birds of Chile


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