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Destruction of Seven Cities


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The Destruction of the Seven Cities in Araucania was a result of the great Mapuche revolt in 1598. It is considered sometimes as the end of the Conquest of Chile. The revolt was triggered following the news of the Disaster of Curalaba in on the 23rd of December 1598, where the vice toqui Pelantaru and his lieutenants Anganamon and Guaiquimilla with three hundred men ambushed and killed the Spanish governor Martin Garcia Onez de Loyola and nearly all his companions.

Over the next few years the Mapuche were able to destroy or force the abandonment of many cities and minor settlements including all the seven Spanish cities in Mapuche territory south of the Bio Bio River: Santa Cruz de Coya (1599), Santa Maria la Blanca de Valdivia (1599), San Andres de Los Infantes (1599), La Imperial (1600), Santa Maria Magdalena de Villa Rica (1602), San Mateo de Osorno (1603), and San Felipe de Araucan (1604).


Diego de Rosales, Historia General del Reino de Chile, Flandes Indiano, 3 tomos. Valparaiso 1877 - 1878.

* Historia general de el Reyno de Chile: Flandes Indiano Vol. 2 Libro V La Ruina de las Siete Ciudades

Crescente Errazuriz, Seis anos de la historia de Chile: 23 de diciembre de 1598- 9 de abril de 1605: memoria historica, Impr. Nacional, Santiago de Chile, 1881.

Atlas de Historia de Chile, Editorial Universitaria, ISBN 9561117762 pg. 48

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