Colocolo (tribal chief)
Colocolo was a Mapuche leader ("cacique lonco") in the early period of the Arauco War. He was a major figure in Alonso de Ercilla y Zuniga's epic poem La Araucana, about the early Arauco War. In the poem he was the one that proposed the contest between the rival candidates for Toqui that resulted in the choice of Caupolican. As a historical figure there are some few contemporary details about him. Stories of his life were written long after his lifetime and display many points of dubious historical accuracy.
Pedro Marino de Lobera listed Colocolo as one of the caciques that offered submission to Pedro de Valdivia after the Battle of Penco.Pedro Marino de Lobera, Cronica del Reino de Chile, Libro Primero, Cap. XXXIII Jeronimo de Vivar in his Chronicle of the Kingdom of Chile (1558), describes Colocolo as one of the Mapuche leaders with 6,000 warriors and one of the competitors for Toqui of the whole Mapuche army following the Battle of Tucapel. Millarapue also a leader of 6,000 men, but old and not a candidate for the leadership, was the one who presuaded them to quit arguing among themselves and settle the matter with a contest of strength between them which resulted in the victory of Caupolican who became Toqui.Jeronimo de Vivar, Cronica y relacion copiosa y verdadera de los reinos de Chile, Capitulo CXVII. It is Millarapue that may have been the inspiration for Ercilla's Colocolo.
Lobera later says Colocolo and Peteguelen were the leaders that discovered the advance of the army of Francisco de Villagra and summoned all the people who could fight from the neighboring provinces to oppose the Spanish in the battle of Battle of Marihuenu.Lobera, Cronica ..., Libro Primero, Cap. XLVII He was one of the commanders under Lautaro at the second destruction of Concepcion on December 4, 1555.Lobera, Cronica ..., Libro Primero, Cap. LIII He also lists Colocolo as one of Caupolican's lieutenants in the battle of Battle of Millarapue against Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza.Lobera, Cronica ..., Libro Segundo, Cap. IV Lobera also says he was one of the major leaders of the Arauco area to submit to Mendoza after the Battle of Quiapo and the reestablishment of the fortress of San Felipe de Araucan in 1559. He is also said to have given Mendoza warning of the assassination plot of Mecial.Lobera, Cronica ..., Libro Segundo, Segundo, Capitulo XII
Cronica del Reino de Chile, Libro Primero, Cap. XXXIII
Cronica y relacion copiosa y verdadera de los reinos de Chile, Capitulo CXVII
Historia de Todas las Cosas que han Acaecido en el Reino de Chile y de los que lo han gobernado (1536-1575), Capitulo XXXVI
Historia ..., Capitulo XXXIX
The Geographical, Natural and Civil History of Chili, Vol. II
Cronica y relacion copiosa y verdadera de los reinos de Chile (Chronicle and abundant and true relation of the kingdoms of Chile)
Historia de Todas las Cosas que han Acaecido en el Reino de Chile y de los que lo han gobernado (1536-1575) (History of All the Things that Have happened in the Kingdom of Chile and of they that have governed it (1536-1575))
Cronica del Reino de Chile, escrita por el capitan Pedro Marino de Lobera....reducido a nuevo metodo y estilo por el Padre Bartolome de Escobar. Edicion digital a partir de Cronicas del Reino de Chile Madrid, Atlas, 1960, pp. 227-562, .
The Geographical, Natural, and Civil History of Chili By Don Juan Ignatius Molina, Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme, Paternoster-Row, London, 1809
Volume 1, pg. 693-4
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