Archaeological sites in Chile
Beaches of Chile
Archaeological sites in Chile Forum
Anakena is a white coral sand beach in Rapa Nui National Park on Rapa Nui (Easter Island), a Chilean island in the Pacific Ocean. Anakena has two ahus, one with a single moai and the other with six. It also has a palm grove and a car park.
The six moai's backs point to the Diomede Islands of the Bering Strait, and the single moai's back points to Umnak Island of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska.
Anakena is unusual for Easter Island in that it is one of only two small sandy beaches in an otherwise rocky coastline.
Legend and History
According to island oral traditions, Anakena was the landing place of Hotu Matu'a, a Polynesian chief who lead a two canoe settlement party here and founded the first settlement on Rapa Nui.
It was later a ceremonial centre where islanders read from Rongorongo boards.
Anakena featured in the Tangata manu or Birdman cult as in years when the new Birdman was from the western clans, he would end his celebrations at Anakena.
Modern archaeology has found signs of human settlement at Anakena as early as 1200 CE, though linguistic and other analysis indicates a range of dates for first settlement of Rapa Nui between 300 and 1200 CE.
Anakena has been the site of several archaeological digs including those of Katherine Routledge in 1914 and both William Mulloy and Thor Heyerdahl in the 1950s, and both of its ahus have been restored.
Anakena was used as one of the film locations for the 1994 Kevin Reynolds film Rapa Nui, starring Jason Scott Lee, Esai Morales, Sandrine Holt, George Henare and Cliff Curtis. The film was produced by Kevin Costner.
Rapa Nui at IMDb
PBS Nova: Anakena
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Anakena