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Alonso Garcia de Ramon

Alonso Garcia de Ramon was a Spanish soldier and twice Royal Governor of Chile: first temporarily from July of 1600 to February of 1601, and then from March of 1605 to August of 1610. He was born in Cuenca, Spain in 1552.

He returned to Spain and then went to Chile, fighting with skill and bravery for Governor Alonso de Sotomayor against the Mapuche. His most famous action was at the siege of Puren where he killed the Toqui Cadeguala in mounted single combat. Soon after Martin Garcia Onez de Loyola replaced Sotomayor, Garcia de Ramon moved to Peru, and earned the confidence of the Viceroy of Peru, Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza, 5th Marquis of Canete who entrusted him with many positions, that he carried out with brilliance including those of corregidor of Arica and Potosi. From 1599, when Francisco de Quinonez was sent to Chile, he was Maestro de Campo of all Peru and was one of the most trusted military advisors of Viceroy, Luis de Velasco.

Garcia de Ramon was sent to relieve Francisco de Quinonez as interim governor arriving in Chile in July 29, 1600. He arrived in Santiago the next day and was installed as governor. He soon discovered things were worse in southern Chile than he had known in Peru, La Imperial had been lost in April. Without reinforcements from Peru he was forced to extract men, arms and supplies from the cities of Chile by means of imposing extraordinary contributions, special taxes, and confiscating cattle, horses, saddles and arms that allowed him quickly form a well equipped army of 400 men by December 1600.

Related websites

Diccionario biografico colonial de Chile, Impr. Elziviriana, Santiago, 1906, Pg. 338 - 341 Alonso Garcia de Ramon

Historia general de Chile. Tomo tercero

Capitulo XVII, Parts 7-9

Capitulo XXI

Capitulo XXII

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