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Villamontes is a town in the Tarija Department in south-eastern Bolivia.


Villamontes is the administrative center of Villamontes Municipio and situated at , 390 m above sea leavel, on the left bank of Rio Pilcomayo where the river crosses the Sierra del Aguarague mountain range and flows southeast into the Chaco-Foreland.


Villamontes is located in the subhumid tropical zone, with a distinct dry season from June to September.

West of the town in a north-southerly direction ranges the sub Andean Sierra del Aguarague, with a summit of 1,390 m 7 km west of Villamontes.

The town is crossed by Rio Caiguami which discharges into Rio Pilcomayo on the southern outskirts of Villamontes.


During the Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay (1932-1935) Villamontes accommodated the headquarters of the Bolivian Army. During the final stage of the war, the main lines of defense commanded by General Bernardino Bilbao Rioja were situated here.

Villamontes became famous by the so-called "Corralito de Villamontes" (1934), when the head of state, Dr. Daniel Salamanca Urey, was arrested by army units during his stay at Villamontes, and on 28 November 1934 was substituted in a coup d'etat by vice president Jose Luis Tejada Sorzano.


Villamontes had a population of 11,086 inhabitants in 1992 (census), 16,214 inhabitants in 2001 (census), and has more than 20,000 inhabitants by 2007.

Reason for the explosive increase has been the deployment of oil and gas fields in this region since the early 1990s.

External links

Map of Province

Climate Villamontes

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Villamontes

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