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Oruro, Bolivia

Oruro is a city in Bolivia with a population of over 420,660 (2009), located about equidistant between La Paz and Sucre at approximately 3710 meters above sea level. It is the capital of the department of Oruro.

The city was first founded on November 1, 1606 by Don Manuel Castro de Padilla. as a silver mining center in the Urus region. At the time, it was named Real Villa de Don Felipe de Austria after the Spanish monarch, Philip III. It was eventually abandoned as the silver mines became exhausted. Oruro was reestablished in the late nineteenth century, as a tin mining center. For a time, the La Salvadora tin mine was the most important source of tin in the world. Gradually, this resource was also exhausted, and Oruro again went into a decline. The city does manage, however, to attract tourists to its carnival, the Carnaval de Oruro, considered one of the great folkloric events in South America for its masked "devil dances".

Oruro was named after the native tribe "Uru-Uru".

The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Oruro. The Oruro Symphony Orchestra is based in Oruro. Aymara painter and printmaker Alejandro Mario Yllanes (19131960) was born here.Raynor, Vivien. ART; Works by a Vanished Bolivian Painter. New York Times. 5 April 1992 (retrieved 2 May 2009)


The city of Oruro lies north of the salty lakes Uru-Uru and Poopo and it is just three hours (by bus) south from La Paz. Located at an altitude of 3709 above sea level, Oruro its well known for its cold weather. Warmer temperatures generally take place during August, September and October, after the worst of the winter chills and before the summer rains. From May to early July, night time temperatures combined with cool wind can bring the temperature down to about -40 C. Summers are warmer, but despite the fact of being an arid area, there's quite a lot of rainfall between November and March.

Main attractions

Museo Patino, former residence of "tin baron" Simon Iturri Patino

Museo Mineralogico (Mineralogical Museum): has exhibits of precious stones, minerals, and fossils

Museo Etnografico Minero (Ethnographical Mining Museum): housed in a mine tunnel, depicts methods of Bolivian mining

Museo Nacional Antropologico (National Anthropological Museum): displays tools and information on the Chipayas and Urus tribes

Churches: Catedral Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion, Santuario de la Virgen del Socavon, Iglesia de Cunchupata

Inti Raymi, a mine

External links

Oruro City Guide

Weather in Oruro

Carnaval de Oruro

Oruro's Carnival


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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Oruro, Bolivia

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