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Lloyd Aereo Boliviano


Lloyd Aereo Boliviano (LAB Airlines) was the most important national airline of Bolivia until 2007 when it was forced to discontinue flights due to financial difficulties. Then in 2009 LAB finally could restart operations with a commercial alliance with Aerosur. The former airline,have too an aircraft maintenance service provider, is based in Cochabamba. LAB operate passenger and cargo services within Bolivia and to international destinations. Its main base is Jorge Wilstermann International Airport, Cochabamba. The company's headquarters were on the grounds of Jorge Wilstermann Airport in Cochabamba."World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 21-27, 2000. 91. When the company started, its board of directors was located in La Paz and its management office was in Cochabamba.

History

Lloyd Aereo Boliviano was established on September 15, 1925, when it was founded in Cochabamba by Guillermo Kyllman. The airline's name was Lloyd Aereo Boliviano S.A.. The name was chosen after Lloyd's of London for its image of safety and security (though the two firms are not related). The airline's first airplane, a Junkers F-13, came as a present from the German community in Bolivia. It started operations on 23 September 1925.

Lloyd Aereo Boliviano first flew internationally in July 1930, with planes used by Brazilian airline Syndicato Condor Ltda., between Corumba, Brazil and Rio de Janeiro. Lloyd Aereo Boliviano used their own plane on the route from La Paz to Corumba and Condor their own from Corumba to Rio de Janeiro with the planes meeting in Corumba. With this, Lloyd Aereo Boliviano and Syndicato Condor Ltda. established a commercial agreement. Lloyd Aereo Boliviano, which was South America's second commercial airline, after Colombia's Avianca, soon increased their flights to the Brazilian destinations, and their fleet began to grow too. During 1932, Lloyd Aereo Boliviano had to lend its planes and personnel to the Bolivian government, to help during the Chaco War (Guerra Del Chaco) with Paraguay.

Lloyd Aereo Boliviano had to be reorganized and was nationalized on 14 May 1941 by the government, and it began a period of growth by means of expansion, new airplanes and destinations. In 1950, the airline was awarded with the Condor de los Andes decoration, given to Bolivian companies by the government.

In 1969, Lloyd Aereo Boliviano joined the jet age, acquiring their first Boeing 727. With jets, Lloyd Aereo Boliviano was allowed to fly to more markets in Central America, to the United States and to Spain.

But in 1994, Lloyd Aereo Boliviano ran into economic trouble, and the government started looking for potential buyers as a general privitization trend. Ultimately, they opened the sale to international buyers, and on October 19, 1995, VASP, a Brazilian airline, bought 50% of the company. Subsequently the fleet was painted to resemble that of VASP's, and it introduced a frequent flyer program. But LAB continued to have economic difficulties, and VASP sold its shares of Lloyd back to Bolivian investors in 2001.

In 2004 due to a debt that Ecuatoriana de Aviacion owed LAB, Lloyd got 50% of Ecuatoriana and operated some of its routes under shared codes.

By May 2006, the airline was flying with limited capacity due to its constrained financial situation. The Boeing 767s had to be returned to the leasing company due to lack of payment, because of the new fleet were on leasing. LAB then served Madrid using some L-1011-500 wet-leased from Globe Jet Airlines, and wet-leased other Boeing 757 from North American Airlines because its Boeing 757 were returned to the leasing company, to provide service to Washington, D.C. and Miami, Florida, the same happens with the Airbus A-310.

A LAB Boeing 727 aircraft was used for daily charter flights from Miami to Havana and Camaguey, Cuba and one bi-weekly from New York.

On 30 March 2007, service was suspended by the Bolivian government due to financial problems. The airline was prohibited from selling tickets and operating any scheduled flights until further notice, and all operations were stopped on April 1, 2007.

The search for financial backers and appropriate restructuring continued, with much speculation that the Bolivian government would once more take the company over. On 23 December 2007, Lloyd took to the skies again with two of its Boeing 727s (CP-1367 & 2429) operating charter flights. As of mid-January 2008, the airline is still awaiting the renewal of its commercial licence, but in the meantime is restoring another four of its aircraft to airworthy conditions, with the aim of resuming limited domestic services in 2008. In January, 2009, LAB, with its commercial license, start to do commercial flights in the national destinations and in the last months of 2009 they will return to its international destinations with Boeing 767 and Boeing 737-300. They have more interesting plans for the future.

The Bolivian government has since announced the creation of a new airline, Boliviana de Aviacion, to try to replace Lloyd Aereo Boliviano. On the 1st of July Lloyd Aereo Boliviano (LAB) joined with Aerosur to now have flights with domestic and international flights.

From Guayaquil

New York

Chicago

Los Angeles

Mexico City

Panama City

Coming soon

Berlin

Santo Domingo

San Jose, Costa Rica

Paris, France

Arequipa, Peru

Bonaire

Fleet

The Lloyd Aereo Boliviano fleet includes the following aircraft (at January 2010) :

5 Boeing 727-200

Of its 5 aircraft, four are stored at the airline's base at Cochabamba while the sole active aircraft (CP-1366) after being wet-leased from July-August 2009 to rival carrier AeroSur, has been wet-leased since September 2009 to military airline TAM.

Accidents

February 1, 2008 - a LAB Boeing 727 (CP-2429) crash landed 3.3 km short of the runway at Teniente Jorge Henrich Arauz Airport in Trinidad, Bolivia, after diverting 370 miles from Cobija (CIJ) due to bad weather. The plane was destroyed, however there were no serious injuries to the 159 passengers and crew on board.

December 22, 1994 - a LAB Fokker F-27 was destroyed after overshooting the runway at Guayaramerin Airport after an aborted take-off. There were no fatalities.

October 13, 1976 - A chartered Boeing 707 cargo plane killed 91 people after it smashed into a busy street in Santa Cruz, a city in the west of Bolivia. The crew was suffering from fatigue and failed to select enough thrust to achieve the necessary acceleration for take-off." 1976: Bolivian plane crashes in Santa Cruz." BBC. Retrieved on February 27, 2010.

February 5, 1960 - An LAB Douglas DC-4 crashed into a lagoon near Cochabamba. Of the 59 occupants, a child survived." Child Survives Plane Crash that Kills 58." Associated Press at St. Petersburg Times. Saturday February 6, 1960. 1-A. Retrieved from Google News (1 of 26) on February 27, 2010.

Previously operated

Retirements in recent years have included an Airbus A310-300, three Boeing 727-100s, two Boeing 727-200s, a Boeing 727-200 Freighter, a Boeing 737-300, and a Fokker F27-200 Friendship. A good half-dozen Boeing 727-200s are parked at Cochabamba, awaiting spares and funds to fly again. The sole remaining Boeing 737-300 is undergoing maintenance in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Long-haul routes within the Americas such as Miami, Mexico City and Havana (via Panama) and Washington, D.C. (via Miami), are all operated by Boeing 727-200s, and 767-300ERs, the latter equipped with winglets so as to reduce fuel-burn. The single Boeing 727-100 (CP-861) covered most of Bolivia's domestic routesup to 16 flights a dayright up until March 5, 2007. She was retired that evening after 37 years of faithful and uninterrupted service with the same carrier, having historically been the most problem-free aircraft of the fleet. No other jetliner has served one airline for so long.

Source: Lloyd Aereo Boliviano

External links

Lloyd Aereo Boliviano (Archive)

Lloyd Aereo Boliviano

Lloyd Aereo Boliviano UK (Archive)

Timetable images of Lloyd Aereo Boliviano

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Lloyd Aereo Boliviano


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