The '''Bartlett's Tinamou' Crypturellus bartlettiis a type of Tinamou commonly found in lowland forest in South America.
All tinamou are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also Ratites. Unlike other Ratites, Tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. All ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and Tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.
EtymologyCrypturellusis formed from three Latin or Greek words. kruptosmeaning covered or hidden, ourameaning tail, and ellusmeaning diminutive. Therefore Crypturellusmeans small hidden tail. bartletti'' comes from the Latin form of Bartlett to commemorate Edward Bartlett.
Range and habitat
Bartlett's Tinamou is found in swamp and lowland forest in subtropical and tropical regions up to altitude. This species is native to western Amazonian Brazil, northern Bolivia, and eastern Peru, in South America. It is also found in eastern Ecuador.
The Bartlett's Tinamou is approximately in length. Its upperparts are brown above barred with black, throat and belly are white, remainder of underparts are rufous, flanks are barred black, and its crown is blackish.
Like other Tinamous, the Bartlett's eats fruit off the ground or low-lying bushes. They also eat small amounts of invertebrates, flower buds, tender leaves, seeds, and roots. The male incubates the eggs which may come from as many as 4 different females, and then will raise them until they are ready to be on their own, usually 23 weeks. The nest is located on the ground in dense brush or between raised root buttresses.
The IUCN classify this tinamou as Least Concern, with an occurrence range of .
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Bartlett's Tinamou