San Salvador de Jujuy
San Salvador de Jujuy, commonly known as Jujuy and locally often referred to as San Salvador, is the capital city of Jujuy Province in northwest Argentina. It lies near the southern end of the Humahuaca Canyon where wooded hills meet the lowlands.
Its population, as of the , is 237,751 inhabitants. If its suburbs are included, this figure rises to around 300,000. The current mayor is Raul Jorge.
The city lies on the National Route 9 that connects La Quiaca (289 km) with Salta (120 km), and its some 1,525 kilometres from Buenos Aires. Tourist destinations not far from the city are Tilcara (84), Humahuaca (126 km), and the Calilegua National Park (111 km).
Jujuy is located near the Andes, at the junction of the Xibi Xibi River and the Rio Grande de Jujuy, 1238 meters above sea level. The weather is humid during the Summers and dry and cold during the winters. The temperature difference between night and day is particularly wide.
San Salvador is above all the provincial administrative and cultural centre; the economical activities take place in other points of the province, including petroleum extraction and pre-processing, sugarcane and sugar industry (Ledesma), tobacco , steel industry (Palpala), citrus, and fruits and vegetables for local consumption.
The city has a colonial city centre including the Cabildo, the Cathedral, and a specially colourful Andean carnivals. The population of the city, and of the province in general, has a much more aboriginal character than the in rest of the country, reflected in the predominant Quechua, Aymara and Chiriguano people and cultures.
The Gobernador Horacio Guzman International Airport at coordinates , is 33 kilometres southeast of the city (at Perico) and has regular flights to Buenos Aires.
File:Xcvnk6.jpg|23rd of August Stadium
File:Jujuy-Capital-P3110030.JPG|Patio of the Cathedral Church
File:Monument to Belgrano, Jujuy.jpg|Monument to Manuel Belgrano
After previous attempts in 1565 and 1592, the current city was founded on April 19, 1593 by Francisco de Arganaraz y Murguia as a strategic site on the mule shipping route between San Miguel de Tucuman and the silver mines in Potosi, Bolivia.
Reaching its peak importance during the colonial period, San Salvador de Jujuy declined to the status of a remote provincial capital after the Argentine Declaration of Independence in 1816. Its first institution of higher learning, the Economic Sciences Institute, was established in 1959, and this was incorporated into the new National University of Jujuy in 1973.
Filmed in San Salvador
Veronico Cruz (1988)
Una estrella y dos cafes (2005)
1863 Jujuy earthquake
, Calama (since 1974)
, Sucre (since 2004)
, Tarija (since 2004)
City tourist office
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article San Salvador de Jujuy