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Morteros


Morteros is a city and municipality in the San Justo Departament in the north east of the Cordoba Province, Argentina.

The city of Morteros is one of the most important in the San Justo Department, it is located near the intersection of two major highways RP 1 and RP 17 and near the ferrocarril Central Argentino.

Morteros is located around 210 km from the provincial capital Cordoba (280 by road) and 155km from Santa Fe

Geography and climate

Morteros is located around 17 km from the eastern shore of Mar Chiquita.

The micro region around Morteros is an ecotone between the Humid Pampa semi arid Gran Chaco region. The temperature varies between 12C and 26C with an annual average of 19C. The first frost can be expected on May 20 and the last on September 5. The average precipitation is 998 mm/year.

Local flora include the chanar, tala, Quebracho, caranday and the yatay.

History

Before the arrival of the conquistadores in the 16th Century the area was populated by ethnic Sanavirones and Mocovies.

In the 18th Century the Spanish established a fortress called Los Morteros on a rocky outcrop, the principal function of the fortress was to defend the local territory. It lay on an alternative route to the mining region of Potosi in Peru, it was used as a market for contraband such as slaves to work in the mines and silver.

Fortress Los Morteros was and the local area were recaptured by the indigenous population after the May Revolution, although the Sanavirones had been virtually extinguished, Mocovies and Abipones moved into the area. The European Argentines launched a counter-offensive and reclaimed the territory in the middle of the century. The indigenous population suffered a great deal from the ethnic cleansing campaigns of the mid 19th century.

In 1981 the first railway arrived in Morteros, the railway brought a large number of European immigrants from the Piamonte, Friuli and Toscana in Italy. In 1965 Morteros acquired its status as a city.

Economy

The economy of the area is dominated by agriculture, especially the production of maize and dairy products.

In 1952 the town started the production of Aero Boero which were mainly used for crop spraying and as training aircraft. Other industrial production included the production of agricultural machinery and industrial refrigerators.

In the 1990s the area saw a massive increase in the amount of soya, alfalfa and sorghum

There is little tourism in the region aside from the visitors to the Mar Chiquita Lake (Laguna Mar Chiquita o Laguna Ansenuza).

Amenities

Morteros is home to a regional museum and the Instituto Universitario Aeronautico (AeronauticalUniversity Institute). Local societies include the gaucho Fortin Society, the Rural Society of Morteros and the sports clubs 9 de Julio de Morteros and Tiro Federal de Morteros.

External links

IFAM website

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Morteros


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