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Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear

Maximo Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear Pacheco , better known as Marcelo T. de Alvear was an Argentine politician and President of Argentina from October 12, 1922 to October 12, 1928. He was the leader of the anti-personalistic faction of the centrist Radical Civic Union (UCR), opposed to Hipolito Yrigoyen. In contrast to Yrigoyen's popular style, Alvear belonged to the self-appointed "aristocracy" of Buenos Aires and never tried to hide it. He married opera singer Regina Pacini.

During his term, the economy of Argentina reached a peak performance, which would come to an abrupt halt due to the Great Depression shortly after his mandate ended.

After the coup against Yrigoyen in September 6, 1930, Alvear gained control of the party and led the unsuccessful opposition to the conservative governments that followed, including the failed revolution of 1932. As a result, he was arrested and deported to Europe. Securing an agreement to the effect from President Agustin Justo in 1935, Alvear returned to Argentina, whereby he became the UCR's nominee for the presidency. Encouraged by favorable results during mid-term elections in 1936, the UCR ran a vigorous campaign ahead of the 1937 presidential election. Breaking his word to Alvear, President Justo orchestrated what his own party's Governor of the Province of Buenos Aires labeled "one of the most fraudulent elections in history," and the UCR lost to [[w:es:Concordancia (Argentina)|Concordance Party]] candidate Roberto Maria Ortiz, the last Argentine President elected via the system of "Patriotic Fraud." [*]


Enciclopedia Libre Universal - Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear (in Spanish)

See also

History of Argentina

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