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Juan Carulla


Juan Emiliano Carulla (1888-1968) was an Argentine physician and nationalist politician.

In his early years Carulla was a supporter of anarchism but this was to change after a trip to Europe during the First World War. Carulla enlisted in the French Army as a field doctor and during his service he became convinced that the left had done nothing to help the war effort, leading to his abandonment of anarchism.Sandra McGee Deutsch, Las Derechas, 1999, pp. 195-6 Whilst in France he became a strong supporter of Action Francaise and this was to inform his political views when he returned to his homeland.Roger Griffin & Matthew Feldman, Fascism: The "Fascist Epoch", 2004, p. 353

Along with Rodolfo and Julio Irazusta and Carulla asked right-wing General Jose Felix Uriburu to lead a coup against the liberal government of Hipolito Yrigoyen in 1927. The general declined at that stage but did so in 1930, forming a new right-wing dictatorship in which Carulla enjoyed influence.Sandra McGee Deutsch, Las Derechas, 1999, p. 197 He was to form part of the Charles Maurras-inspired elite, alongside the Irazusta brothers, Ernesto Palacio, Bruno Jacovella and others, who took up their pens in defence of the new regime and effectively supplied it with an ideology.Cyprian Blamires, World Fascism, 2006, p. 56 Cerulla in particular enjoyed strong influence and it was he who was behind the idea of merging all Uriburu's supporters into one militia group, the Legion Civic Argentina, under the general's government, a move that was seen as pivotal in the fascistisation of the Uriburu.Robert A. Potash, The Army & Politics in Argentina: 1928-1945, 1969, p. 67

Related websites

The Impact of the Spanish Civil War on Argentine Nationalist Intellectual Thought

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