German settlement in Argentina
Immigration to Argentina
Argentines of German descent
German Argentines are Argentines of German descent. The term "German" usually refers to Ethnic Germans that immigrated to Argentina from Germany, and also from Austria, France, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, former Yugoslavia and elsewhere across Europe. Some German-Argentines, or their ancestors, have originally settled in Brazil first, and then later on immigrated to Argentina. Germany as a political entity was founded only in 1871, but German language and culture have traditionally been of more importance than the country of origin as a basis for ethnic consciousness and nationalism. Beside that, "Germans" speak in many different dialects named after specific regions like Frisian, Pomeranian, Prussian, Swabian, Plautdietsch, Hunsruckisch, Volga Germans and others. Germans today make up the third largest group in Argentina with well over two million Volga Germans alone. Thousands of German-Argentines had become professionals and technicians like doctors, bureaucrats, teachers and soldiers. They took strong influence into the Argentine education system and many German schools emerged. Many German businessmen and professionals believed that Argentina was industrializing and would become more dependent from German advanced technology. Indeed the Argentine military planned recruiting large numbers of German scientists and technologists for new steel and other industries. Also creating German-language newspapers, the Argentinisches Tageblatt meaning in German the "Argentine Daily", the 5 most populous provinces of descendants of Germans, are in order: Cordoba, Entre Rios, Buenos Aires, Misiones and La Pampa.
When the first wave of German physicists arrived in Argentina during the decade before 1914, they would have found a large German community centered around the country. Between 1885 and the First World War the population of Argentina doubled with the influx of three million of European immigrants, 100,000 of whom spoke German. Many surnames of Germanic immigrants of 20th century continue resounding up to date like Altgelt, Born, Braun, Bracht, Bunge, Bullrich, Frers, Holmberg, Klappenbach, Mallmann, Meyer, Seeber, Stegmann, Tornquist, Zimmermann, Zuberbuhler and others that composed traditional families of the country. Strong German communities developed in Argentina, and especially in Buenos Aires they did it with their own schools, hospitals, shops, theaters, sport clubs and banks. Many of those Germans who inmigrated directly from Germany were assimilated with the upper middle class of Buenos Aires, but maintained strong ties to German culture, providing high-quality German instruction so that their children would not be at a disadvantage when they returned to Germany.
German immigration to Argentina occurred during 5 main time periods: pre–1870, 1870–1914, 1918–1933, 1933–1940 and post–1945. During the first period till 1870, immigration to Argentina was in general low. Of note are the colonias alemanas, the first one founded in the province of Buenos Aires in 1827. The colonias are a unique and notable phenomenon in Argentinas immigration history but were also far from an exclusively German practice.
Centro Argentino Cultural Wolgadeutsche
The Real Odessa: Smuggling the Nazis to Perons Argentina
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article German settlement in Argentina