Maria Eva Duarte de Peron ( 7 May 1919 26 July 1952) was the second wife of President Juan Peron (18951974) and served as the First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952. She is often referred to as simply Eva Peron, or by the affectionate Spanish language diminutive Evita, which literally translates into English as "Little Eva".
She was born out of wedlock in rural Argentina in 1919. In 1934, at the age of 15, she went to the nation's capital of Buenos Aires, where she pursued a career as a stage, radio, and film actress. Eva met Colonel Juan Peron on January 22, 1944, in Buenos Aires during a charity event at the Luna Park Stadium to benefit the victims of an earthquake in San Juan. The two were married the following year. In 1946, Juan Peron was elected President of Argentina. Over the course of the next six years, Eva Peron became powerful within the Pro-Peronist trade unions, essentially for speaking on behalf of labor rights. She also ran the Ministries of Labor and Health, founded and ran the charitable Eva Peron Foundation, championed women's suffrage in Argentina, and founded and ran the nation's first large-scale female political party, the Female Peronist Party.
Upon arrival in Buenos Aires, Eva Duarte was faced with the difficulties of surviving without formal education or connections. The city was especially overcrowded during this period because of the migrations caused by the great depression. On 28 March 1935, she had her professional debut in the play "The Perezes Misses", at the Comedias Theater.