Argentine University Federation
The Argentine University Federation (in Castilian: Federacion Universitaria Argentina (FUA)) is the most important student organization in Argentina
The FUA was created in April 11 within the University Reform student movement originated in Cordoba, which later spread though Latin America, that demanded an autonomous system in which teachers, graduates, and students would participate in the government of the universities.
The FUA gathers the university federations of every local university, which are at the same time composed of student centres of each faculty, totalling a million and a half students throughout the country. The biggest and most important of such federations is the FUBA of the University of Buenos Aires with over 300,000 students (as of 2005). Other important federations include the FULP (La Plata), FUR (Rosario), FUC (Cordoba), FUT (Tucuman) and FUL (Litoral).
In 1894 was founded in the Faculty of Engineering of the UBA the first student centre in Argentina, under the name "La Linea Recta".
Medicine and Law had their own in 1940 and 1905 respectively. The most powerful student centre nowadays is that of the Economic Sciences of the UBA, with 50,000 students, followed by UBA's Law school and Medicine .
Since its beginnings the FUA supported a politic of Latin American unity and international solidarity. In 1920 Gabriel del Mazo signed, on behalf of the FUA, an exchange and coordination agreement with the Peruvian Federacion de Estudiantes del Peru's president Raul Haya de la Torre.
In 1921 the FUA participated of the organization of the First International Students Congress at Mexico City, from which the International Students Federation was born. In 1925 it participated of the organization of the First Ibero-American Students Congress also in Mexico city. In that congress Alfredo Palacios, Miguel de Unamuno, Jose Ingenieros, Jose Marti and Jose Vasconcelos are declared "teachers of the youth".
In 1937 took place in Santiago de Chile the First Latin American Students Congress. In 1957 the FUA organised the Second Latin American Students Congress, in La Plata.
Incomplete list of presidents of the:
1918: Osvaldo Loudet
1919: Julio V. Gonzalez
1920: Gabriel del Mazo (UCR)
1923: Pablo Vrillaud
1932: Eduardo Howard
193?: Sergio Bagu
193?: Fernando Nadra (PC)
1943: Nestor Grancelli Cha
1955: German Lopez (UCR)
1956: Norberto Rajneri
1957: Guillermo Garmendia
1959: Guillermo Estevez Boero (MNR)
1960: Carlos Cevallos
1963: Ariel Seoane
1965: Raul Salvarredy
1968: Jacobo Tiefenberg (TUPAC)
1970: Domingo Teruggi (AUN-FIP)
1971: Ernesto Jaimovich (MNR-PSP)
1972: Marcelo Stubrin (FM-UCR)
1973: Miguel Godoy (MNR-PSP)
1974-77: Federico Storani (FM-UCR)
1978-80: Marcelo Marco (FM-UCR)
1980-83: Roberto Vazquez (FM-UCR)
1984-86: Marcelo Garcia
1987: Claudio Diaz (FM-UCR)
1989: Hugo Marcucci (FM-UCR)
1992: Ariel Rodriguez (FM-UCR)
1994: Daniel Nieto (FM-UCR)
1996: Rafael Veljanovich (FM-UCR)
1998: Pablo Javkin (FM-UCR)
2000: Manuel Terradez (FM-UCR)
2002: Emiliano Yacobitti (FM-UCR)
2004: Maximiliano Abad (FM-UCR)
2006: Mariano Marquinez (FM-UCR)
Some important students' leaders of the FUA have been:
Deodoro Roca, Enrique Barros, Emilio Biagosh, Gabriel del Mazo, Hector Ripa Alberti, Guillermo Watson, Julio V. Gonzalez, Gumersindo Sayago, Horacio Valdes, Ismael Bordabehere, Conrado Nale Roxlo, Alfredo Brandan Caraffa, Florentino Sanguinetti, Guillermo Korn Villafane, Carlos Cossio, Miguel Angel Zabala Ortiz, Miguel Bercaitz, Anibal Ponce, Ricardo Balbin, Bartolome Fiorini, Homero Manzi, Arturo Jaureche, Sebastian Soler, Alejandro Korn, Jose Peco, Ernesto Sabato, Hector Agosti, Ernesto Giudici, Carlos Sanchez Viamonte, Gregorio Bermann, Luis Dellepiane, Raul Orgaz, Arturo Capdevila, Arturo Orgaz, Bernardo Kleiner, Alfredo Abregu, Emilio Nadra.
Carlos Canitrot, Emilio Gibaja, Leon Patlis, Noe Jitrik, Gustavo Cirigliano, Francisco Oddone, Marcos Merchensky, Andres Lopez Accotto, Ana Maria Eichelbaum, Gregorio Klimovsky, Ismael Vinas, Julio Godio, German Lopez, Guillermo Estevez Boero.
Carlos Cevallos, Ariel Seoane, Domingo Teruggi, Jorge Enea Spilimbergo, Hugo Varsky, Marcelo Stubrin, Federico Storani, Roberto Vazquez, Ernesto Jaimovich, Changui Caceres, Ruben Giustiniani, Miguel Talento, Juan Pablo Ventura, Rafael Pascual, Vilma Ibarra, Ricardo Lopez Murphy, Rogelio Simonato, Francisco Delich, Maria del Carmen Vinas, Gustavo Galland, Facundo Suarez Lastra.
Andres Delich, Mario Alarcon, Damian Farah, Juan Artusi, Veronica Garcia, Martin Baintrub, Daniel Pavicich, Alicia Castigliego, Ariel Martinez, Daniel Bravo.
Parties and movements
Throughout its history, there have been several and varied movements, ideologies, and parties that coexisted, and still do, in the Argentine students' politics: radicals, socialists, Peronists, communists, Maoists, etc.
The Franja Morada, youth arm of the UCR, is the party that most often has directed the FUA since Franja Morada's creation in 1970, and has remained in the presidency from 1973 to 2004. Other important parties are the Juventud Universitaria Peronista or JUP (of the Justicialism) and the Movimiento Nacional Reformista (MNR) of the Socialist Party, who has ruled during the 1970s.
Argentine student movement from 1918 to 1988 by Ruben Levenberg & Daniel Merolla (Spanish)
FUA's 80 years at Clarin (Spanish)
Movimiento Nacional Reformista (MNR)
Centro de Estudiantes de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (FUBA)
Centro de Estudiantes de Derecho (FUL)
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Argentine University Federation