The Andinia Plan is the name of an alleged plan to establish a Jewish state in parts of Argentina. The name and contents of the plan have wide currency in Argentine extreme right-wing circles, but no evidence of its actual existence has ever been brought up, making it an example of a conspiracy theory(
although it is true that Argentina is mentioned as one of two thinkable places (Palestine being the other) for a Jewish state in the Zionist classic Der Judenstaat, written by zionist Father Theodor Herzel in 1896 (see References)).
The alleged plan was used as a rhetorical device by far right circles to attack Jewish persons and institutions. "In 1971 a leaflet appeared among officers in the Argentinean army under the name "Plan Andinia," which accused international Jewry and Zionists of planning to take over southern Argentina. It has been circulating ever since." - WHY ARGENTINA? POLICE INVOLVEMENT IN ARGENTINEAN ANTI-SEMITISM, Stephen Roth Institute, Country reports, Tel Aviv University, www.tau.ac.il, accessed 5 may 2009 [*]"After the attempted coup, all the rightist, Peronist and neo-Nazi organizations turned on the Jewish community as a means of attacking democratic institutions. They claimed that the Alfonsin government was a partner in a Zionist plot to take over land in southern Argentina. Liberal newspapers, taken in by the rightists, published articles on the plan to settle 25,000 Israelis in the south of Argentina in order to bolster the Alfonsin regime. The fact that the mainstream press lent itself to this forgery, an Argentinean version of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, demonstrates the success of the extreme right in its fight against the Jews and against democracy." - Graciela Ben-Dror, ANTISEMITISM IN ARGENTINA FROM THE MILITARY JUNTA TO THE DEMOCRATIC ERA, Stephen Roth Institute, Tel Aviv University, www.tau.ac.il, accessed 5 may 2009 [*].
Jewish migration to Argentina
Starting in 1880, Argentine governments had a policy of massive immigration, and the liberal tendencies of the Roca regime were instrumental in making European Jews feel welcome.
In the 1880s and 1890s, France's Baron Maurice de Hirsch organized a campaign that was to relocate two-thirds of Jews in the Russian Empire. Argentina was publicized as a destination for Jews: Alberto Gerchunoff, a Russian Jew who migrated to Argentina, recalled seeing print articles about the Jewish migration to Argentina in Tulchin, Russia, in 1889.. In 1891, Hirsch established the Jewish Colonization Association to coordinate the purchase of land to accommodate Jewish migrants (see Jewish gauchos).
The Jewish population in Argentina grew and prospered in the ensuing years (see History of the Jews in Argentina).
Zionist plans in Argentina
Leon Pinsker, in his book (1882) and Theodore Herzl, in his book The Jewish State (Der Judenstaat), evaluated Argentina as a potential destination for the oppressed Jews of Eastern Europe.
Some Argentinian sources maintain that Herzl proposed that the Argentina project be given priority over settlement in Palestine.Sigifredo Krebs, Issac Arcavi; Paginas escogidas; Ed. Israel; Sarmiento 2198, Buenos Aires, 1949, p50/51
Herzl did consider Argentina, as well as present-day Uganda, as alternatives to Palestine. Israel Zangwill and his Jewish Territorialist Organization (ITO) split off from the main Zionist movement; the territorialists attempted to establish a Jewish homeland wherever possible. The ITO never gained wide support within Zionism and was dissolved in 1925, leaving Palestine as the sole focus of Zionist aspirations.
Use in Argentine public discourse
During the military dictatorships in Argentina, extreme right-wing movements were free to publish and broadcast their ideas . Those movements had a strong foothold in the military, mostly through the teachings of Jordan Bruno Genta. In far right publications, the Andinia Plan was assumed to be a fact, even though the Zionist movement had abandoned all plans related to Argentina decades ago, and Argentine Jewish institutions (headed by DAIA) were recognized by, and conversant with the Argentine governments.
Later versions of the "Plan", as published in Argentine Neo-Nazi media, involved an alleged Israeli intention to conquer and occupy parts of Patagonia. This theory did not take hold in mainstream political discourse. Many Israelis tour South America, some of them immediately after their military service, with Patagonia being a favored destination. There are no recorded incidents where Argentines reacted to these trips in connection to an alleged Israeli military plan.
During the 1976-1983 dictatorship, some Jewish prisoners of the armed forces, notably Jacobo Timerman, were asked about their knowledge of the Plan, including military details such as how are the Israeli Defense Forces preparing for the invasion of Patagonia.
5. Der Judenstaat
The Andinia Plan
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Andinia Plan